Conference Time: 28/Apr/2017 2:22pm National Standard Time (Taiwan)
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S13-P04: Strengthening Welfare through Spill-overs from Other Policies
3:45pm - 5:30pm
Session Chair: Dr. Ariel Macaspac Hernandez, University of Duisburg-Essen Discussant: Dr. Ariel Macaspac Hernandez, University of Duisburg-Essen
Location:Lecture Hall 502 141 seats
Providing welfare to citizens is not a cost but an investment. Access to education, health services and other social benefits allow citizens to effectively participate in various political processes, not only strengthening social cohesion, but also increasing national income.
This panel aims to bring scholars together to discuss new approaches how access to welfare can be improved. In addition, best practices from other countries and well as new approaches from the Philippines will be evaluated.
Similar to many countries in South East Asia, access to welfare services in the Philippines is rather limited and exclusive, vindicating socio-political inequalities. No matter who runs the government and no matter how welfare is prioritized in political rhetorics, welfare remains unaccessible to the majority of the population. Like some of its neighbors, the country is confronted by various dilemma hindering the achievement of highest human development level. Solutions need to go beyond politics and require fundamental shifts and structural transformation. As the papers to be presented in the Panel will appraise, solutions can be found for example as co-benefits of other policy goals such as climate protection, regional security, law and order and effective policy-making.
Examining the Department of Health's National Safe Motherhood Program as a Policy Addressing the Increasing Trend in Philippine Maternal Mortality Ratio
Karla Camille Nocon Ruiz
De La Salle University Manila, Philippines
The author assesses effective instruments for policy implementation. Challenges and barriers of policy implementation often hinder the realization of policy goals. In the Philippines, issues such as reproductive health are often confronted by intense resistance from important societal actors such as the Catholic Church and other pro-life organizations. Furthermore, the lack of information dissemination inhibits consensus-building processes and increases public distrust, thus, complicating the proper addressing of public opinion. The government needs innovative tools to effectively address public resistance while not delaying and undermining implementation. In particular, the policy assessment is focused on the Philippine Department of Health's National Safe Motherhood Program, which is considered a key welfare program in the country.
An Analysis of the Need for the Philippine Mental Health Act to be Made Law
Louin Tagud Adayo
De la Salle University-Manila, Philippines
The paper evaluates the challenges, barriers and caveats of establishing legal frameworks for welfare services of the government. Mental health conditions have been named as a development issue already, not just a public health issue. The Philippines remains as one of the few countries still with no comprehensive mental health law. The country still has no legal national framework to provide affordable and accessible mental healthcare, to provide comprehensive social protection to consumers (the people suffering from mental disorders), to promote and mainstream mental health in the country, among others. This paper attempts to analyze the process of establishing legal framework need for the Philippines to enact the Philippine Mental Health bill of 2014 to improve nation-building.
The Participation of Young Refugees in Program Designing: Social Inclusion and the Restoration of Cultural Normalcy
Aimee Francesca Perez Terrenal
De La Salle University, Philippines
The study focuses on the implementation of rehabilitative programs for refugees and asylum seekers using participatory methods and approaches.The paper assesses the impact of accommodating refugees and asylum seekers in the country in terms of gaining experience in designing government programs. While the Philippines has proven its willingness to accept these communities and to serve as temporary shelter, the state lacks policies covering rehabilitative programs for refugees and asylum seekers; thus, while addressing the restoration of cultural normalcy of these communities, through the participation of young refugees, the country is gaining experience in participatory approaches that could benefit welfare services in general.
Environmental Authoritarianism and Welfare Promotion – Environmental Programs in the Philippines
Dr. Ariel Macaspac Hernandez
University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany
The paper analyzes the benefits and risks of environmental authoritarianism as an alternative public policy model in implementing environmental programs and how this model directly and indirectly promotes welfare services. Both climate and environmental protection and welfare (e.g., health, unemployment benefits) are priorities that require significant government support and high investment from the private sector. Nevertheless, both are also often seen as unattractive for private investment, because of the anticipated lack of profits. Can environmental authoritarianism fill this gap or will it further increase the gap?
The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and the basis for a welfare state in Pakistan
Prof. Alessandra Cappelletti
The American University of Rome, Italy
The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a major project conceived by the Chinese government and currently underway within the territory of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Framed under the broader umbrella of the Chinese foreign policy initiative called “One Belt One Road” (OBOR), one of the final aims of the CPEC is connecting China to the Arabian Sea and to the Strait of Hormuz through an advanced network of infrastructures. The finalization of the CPEC will thus allow China to move forward in the implementation of the “maritime leg” of the OBOR initiative. The creation of a modern industrial basis and of an Islamic welfare state in Pakistan are main domestic expected consequences. The increase in employed workers and a reduction in inactive workers, as well as the well-targeted spending and investments in the health and well-being of the nation and in the overall productivity and participation of the population (mainly education and training, health, housing, transport, all important elements of social as well as economic infrastructure) are allegedly creating the foundations for a welfare state in the country. Beijing authorities declared they would urge Chinese companies to invest into social welfare projects and in “needy short term projects” on the basis of grants or zero interest loan. Among the social welfare projects identified are a water treatment plant in Gwadar and a hospital at Gwadar, the construction of schools and hospitals in different poor areas of Pakistan, the establishment of educational facilities and of new exchange programs between Chinese and Pakistani universities.