Conference Agenda

Summaries and basic information about congress panels. Please note that the panel identification numbers are provisional and that (pending the publication of the final program) they appear with a dummy date of celebration.

Session Overview
S127: The rural world in the interwar period, 1914-1945. A global vision
Friday, 20/Jun/2025

Session Chair: Francisco Cobo Romero;

Session Abstract

The historical period that ran between the two world wars of the last century was chaired by the eruption of violent class struggles, revolutions of fascist or communist sign, profound alterations in the relations until then held between the city and the countryside, essays of totalitarian subjugation of agriculture to severe measures of requisition and forced collectivisation and a growing radicalization of the political guidelines of the peasantry. The fascist regimes in power granted an essential role in the empowerment of the rural sector, particularly with a view to ensuring food sufficiency and allow the economic independence of the nation. Also, after the success of the Bolshevik revolution, the Russian communists applied orthodox prescriptions of Marxism to achieve, through the submission of the agriculture and the imposition of generalized measures of expropriation and forced collectivization of peasant property, the successful launch of a totalitarian regime based on extreme empowerment of industrial production. In addition, during the 1920s and 1930s of the past century was developed in many countries of Latin America, Asia and Oceania an agrarian economy replacement, which boosted certain specializations strongly capitalized and export-oriented where took place intense phenomena of proletarianization, closely associated with the emergence of powerful agrarian movements of leftist or revolutionary sign.

The development of the session will be guided through the following general lines of analysis:

- Political attitudes of the peasantry in the world of the interwar period.

- Fascism, agriculture and peasantry.

- Communism, agriculture and rural society.

- Agriculture in the authoritarian regimes.

- Agricultural interventionism and technocratic developmentalism.

- Peasant and day-labourer mobilisation.

- The political discourses of agrarianism in authoritarian and fascist nationalism.

- Agrarianism and conservatism versus collectivism and socialism.

- Peasantry, civil wars and revolutions.

- Peasantry and agriculture in the great mass dictatorships.

No contributions were assigned to this session.

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