Native-TEI dialectal dictionary for Bavarian dialects in Austria: data structure, software and workflow
1Austrian Center for Digital Humanities, Austria; 2Inria - ALMAnaACH
This paper discusses the use of TEI in the creation of dually born-digital and print dictionary as part of the Dictionary of Bavarian Dialects in Austria (Wörterbuch der bairischen Mundarten in Österreich ‘WBÖ’). Also we discuss the creation of a lexicographic editor tool that allows the non-TEI expert lexicographers to create TEI articles in background of a user-friendly interface.
This work being carried out is a continuation of a legacy project which began in 1913 when data began to be gathered throughout the Bavarian dialect area of the Austrian Empire. The source material being used for the creation of the new articles was collected and elicited using questionnaires and recorded on paper slips. Vocabulary continued to be collected until the 1990’s when the analogue records were converted to a TUSTEP database. Recently the database of more than 2,4 million entries has been converted to TEI (Bowers & Stöckle 2018).
At the core of this project are several issues which are particularly significant in the TEI, notably: a) the use of TEI as primary data format for the creation of both a print and digital resource; b) the lexicographic editor tool which provides a user-friendly and open-source alternative to Oxygen XML editor in the creation of systematic and standardized TEI articles using ODD and YAML formatter; c) the structural approach to dialectal dictionary entries in TEI (an under-established/peripheral usage of the module). In our talk we describe the specifics of each of these components of the project and expand upon what has been previously presented about this work in Bowers et al. (2018), focusing particularly on the TEI article structure and the editor tool.
An Attempt of Dissemination of TEI in a TEI-underdeveloped country: Activities of the SIG EAJ
1The University of Tokyo; 2National Institute of Japanese Literature; 3International Institute for Digital Humanities
One of the missions of Special Interest Group for East Asian/Japanese (hereinafter SIG EAJ) is the dissemination of TEI in Japan. A characteristic of Japan in comparison with TEI-advanced countries in North America and Europe is that the culture which utilizes XML-related technologies such as XSLT and XQuery have not been widespread. In this paper, we discuss how to spread TEI in such TEI-underdeveloped countries based on the activities of SIG EAJ.
Refining the Current Teaching Methodology of the TEI through the Analysis of Server Logs
1University of Victoria, Canada; 2King’s College London
We believe that the next step in the evolution of the TEI is developing training materials, which aligns with the emphasis that has been placed lately on the pedagogy and practice of the Guidelines (which was the main theme of the 2017 conference). The materials for learning the TEI Guidelines are still in early stages –consisting primarily of past project documentation, the TEI’s own introductory materials, online tutorials, and collected examples– which leads to skills being acquired in unsystematic ways. Additionally, the Guidelines have evolved and become more rigorous and theoretical –making some of these training materials overwhelming and unpractical for newcomers who might not be familiar with text encoding. As proponents of the TEI Guidelines, we have an obligation to develop equally adequate and appropriate training materials for new learners.
The current TEI Infrastructure consists of a set of servers and services, allowing the Guidelines to be primarily accessed online. A server log is a file automatically created and maintained by a server consisting of a list of activities it performed. For our purposes, a statistical analysis of server logs can be used to examine Web traffic patterns. In this abstract, we propose to analyze the TEI server logs in order to offer suggestions to refine the teaching methodology based on what parts of the Guidelines are more frequently accessed –while also considering what is not accessed often. Additionally, customizations of the Guidelines exist that aim to meet the majority of the needs of TEI user community (for example, TEI Lite). However, formal justifications for which elements are included and excluded in them do not exist. This proposal interrogates and theorizes how we might present the TEI Guidelines as better teaching materials and aims to foster the development of skills and activities of future scholars.
Using Github and its Integrations to Create, Test, and Deploy a Digital Edition
1University of British Columbia, Canada; 2University of British Columbia, Canada
This paper stems from the ongoing work by the Winnifred Eaton Archive (WEA), which seeks to compile, transcribe, and encode the extant archive of Chinese-Canadian author Winnifred Eaton (1875–1954). While there are many frameworks for rendering TEI online (including the TEI Stylesheets, TEI Boilerplate, and CETEIcean), the WEA, like many other projects housed at institutions without a dedicated digital humanities infrastructure, struggled to find a framework for testing, deploying, and publishing the project as a whole; Omeka and Wordpress were offered as solutions, but these frameworks are limited in their capacity to handle TEI-encoded XML.
Following the best practices outlined by The Endings Project (Carlin 2018) and inspired by the recent turn to static sites for digital editions (Holmes 2017; Viglianti 2017), “minimal editions” (Gil 2015; Sayers 2016; Gil 2017), and web publishing at large (Rinaldi 2015), we arrived at the following workflow:
* Store all content on Github
* Integrate Travis-CI with repository to build and validate products
* Use Travis to deploy to a separate Github repository that deploys content using the Github pages environment
This paper thus forwards the above method as a wide-ranging, affordable solution for creating digital projects in TEI (it is entirely free, minus the optional costs of oXygen XML Editor and a domain name) that is sustainable and robust as it leverages existing technologies that are ubiquitous and well-documented. This process is also highly extensible and can be used in concert with existing TEI publishing solutions, like TEI Boilerplate, to create sustainable and archivable static digital projects that are not beholden to the structural limits of pre-existing content management systems. Our paper explains the major benefits of this approach, which include affordability, sustainability, and adaptability, as well as suggests the potentials of this approach across various pedagogical and scholarly publishing workflows.