255N: Accommodating mutual interests, values and knowledge bases in "Alconia": Negotiating land-use standards for peripheral fronter regions in the Global South
What do people want from land?
Ways out of increasingly irreconcilable future scenarios of use of land and natural resources are being hampered by the lack of respectful exchange on goals, values, norms and functions that people assign to land. Each life-world of potential land users possesses experiences, knowledge and future visions that might be complementary. However, involved actors often conflict on mutually excluding political platforms and do not engage in differentiated exchange on issues of land tenure, large-scale land acquisitions, co-production of ecosystem services, food systems, livelihoods, climate change impacts, soil degradation and landscape restoration, human mobility and migration, multifunctional land uses, among others.
Our session simulates a negotiation of land-use standards in a peripheral frontier region in the Global South: “Alconia”. Using background information on the natural context, institutional landscape, cultural composition and political system we select workshop-participants with previous experiences in land-use planning to address the following questions:
- What do the different actor-groups want from land and nature?
- What do they want for their children?
- Which standards are non-negotiable?
- Where can synergies and compromises be found?
The session’s outcome will be a manifest of land-use standards for similar case study regions, which may serve as an innovative process for future stakeholder interactions. The audience will be involved as advisors of the negotiators.
Abstracts regarding land-use proposals are to be handed in according to the following characters acting as representatives of:
- Local authorities (Council of Mayors/ Kings etc.)
- Extractive industries & agribusiness (palm oil, soy, gas, petrol, gold etc.)
- Federal governmental environmental and/or zoning agency
- Big Farmers Association
- Small Peasants Union
- Indigenous Association
- Environmental NGO
- International Co-operation
- Land Use Scientist (natural and social sciences)
ID: 655 / 255N: 1
255N Accommodating mutual interests, values and knowledge bases in “Alconia”: Negotiating land-use standards for peripheral frontier regions in the Global South
Keywords: environmental law, climate law, biodiversity law, enforcement, incoherence
Statement of the environment minister of Alconia
German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Germany
Land use in the hinterlands of Alconia needs to follow objectives and rules that promote the protection of its vast tropical forests and its rich biodiversity. Alconia is bound to these objectives as it has signed the UNFCCC, the Paris Agreement and the CBD and committed to reduce deforestation rates to zero by 2080. Alconia has adopted a series of laws for achieving these objectives, mainly under the responsibility of the ministry of the environment. Unfortunately, other ministries - notably agriculture, energy, transport, economy - are following their own strategies that do not take into account sufficiently existing environmental laws and the international treaties the country has signed. Regulations for land and water use and connected objectives for agricultural production and exports are an area where regulations and objectives overlap between my ministry and agriculture and are often in conflict. Moreover, enforcement of environmental laws is a challenge - due to low budgets, weak presence in the hinterlands, and the low quality or absence of legal prerequisites such as a tranparent and clear land registry (which is not under my responsibility) or judges and courts that have a sound understanding of environmental / climate / biodiversity law.
As minister of the environment I have to emphasize the implementation and enforcement of current law. I need to cooperate wih other ministries in order to improve understanding of why it is necessary to protect the environment / climate / biodiversity, and in order to improve the legal prerequisites as mentioned above. Alliances with local users of land and forests may also be important; as are relations with large capitalized farmers and external investors.