Conference Agenda

Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).

 
Session Overview
Session
205R: Sustainable rainforest communities: Supply chains, trade-offs and emerging technologies
Time:
Thursday, 25/Apr/2019:
10:45am - 12:15pm

Session Chair: Izabela Delabre
Session Chair: Pedram Rowhani
Location: UniS-A -122
UniS Building, room A -122, basement, 72 seats
Session Topics:
What do people want from land?

Session Abstract

Deforestation continues across the tropics, with 15.8 million hectares of tropical tree cover loss recorded in 2017 (World Resources Institute, 2018). Tropical rainforests are locally and globally significant in terms of environmental, social, and economic values. Understanding and addressing the important trade-offs between these values and competing land uses is critical for meeting the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This session brings together a series of presentations on approaches, solutions and supportive innovative technologies needed to meet the needs, and value the priorities of, communities living in rainforest landscapes, whilst maintaining forests and ecological wellbeing, and ensuring economic sustainability.

This session will examine the synergies and trade-offs between SDGs 9 (integrate small-scale business into value chains and markets), 12 (ensure sustainable production and consumption), and 15 (protect, restore and promote sustainable use of forest ecosystems).

Abstracts are invited that reflect on issues related to the following themes:

Sustainable supply chains: How can local communities in tropical rainforests develop viable forest-based economies extracting non-timber products that secure economic benefits and wellbeing? How can non-timber forest products be integrated into sustainable supply chains, in ways that meet the needs and priorities of communities? How do such forest-based economies affect forest ecosystems, and do they present opportunities to help restore previously degraded areas? What emerging methodologies are there that give voice and ownership to communities in developing sustainable supply chains?

Technologies: What are the emerging technologies for monitoring biodiversity, forest cover, and carbon stock? How can drivers of small-scale and/or large-scale deforestation be monitored on the ground and remotely? How can methodologies integrate new technologies and traditional ecological knowledge for the development of sustainable livelihoods?


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Presentations
Full talk
ID: 743 / 205R: 1
205R Sustainable rainforest communities: Supply chains, trade-offs and emerging technologies
Keywords: ecosystem services, palm oil landscape, local communities, livelihood, Kalimantan, participation, role playing-game

Beyond oil palm: Perceptions of local communities of environmental change

Nur Hasanah1, Anne Dray2, John Garcia1, Heru Komaruddin3, Claude Garcia2, Jaboury Ghazoul1

1Ecosystem Management, ETH Zurich; 2Forest Development (ForDev), ETH Zurich; 3CIFOR Bogor Indonesia

Involving local communities in ecosystem service research can improve the relevance, quality and, ultimately, outcomes of natural resource management. Local engagement can also contribute to solutions to ecosystem management challenges by diversifying the range of options, and contextualizing their applicability. The benefits to local communities of ecosystem service-based policies relative to other interventions, such as oil palm development, are therefore best understood from the perspectives of the local communities themselves. We used observations, focus group discussions and interviews in four villages along Belayan river, East Kalimantan, Indonesia, to explore how ecosystems are perceived by local communities in different oil-palm development contexts. We also used novel, table-top role-playing games to understand how these communities make land-use management decisions to meet their livelihood’s needs.

The main livelihood activity differed across these villages, which were either a fishing community, oil palm smallholder communities, or a forest-dependent community. Perceptions about ecosystem services varied across villages, though three services were perceived to be crucial in all four villages, namely fish provision, water quality, and land availability. These services can be a common concern entry point for discussions on landscape management. Despite common recognition of the negative impacts of oil palm development on these crucial services, all communities are nevertheless choosing to expand oil palm. This was evident in the game sessions, were most players chose to expand oil-palm in their landscapes. A wide array of direct and indirect drivers were identified by communities as underlying this trend, including social influence, financial capital, ecological factors, and subsidies from local government. Engaging local policymakers and oil palm companies with local people from the beginning is essential if crucial and widely recognized ecosystem services are to be maintained in oil palm landscapes.



Full talk
ID: 541 / 205R: 2
205R Sustainable rainforest communities: Supply chains, trade-offs and emerging technologies
Keywords: sustainable supply chains, zero deforestation, non-timber forest products, UN Sustainable Development Goals, agency

Supply chain management and the UN Sustainable Development Goals: opportunities and challenges for rainforest conservation at local and global scales

Anthony Alexander, Izabela Delabre, Pedram Rowhani

University of Sussex, United Kingdom

In this paper, we draw upon case studies in Latin America to explore how non-timber forest products are integrated into supply chains, in ways that are intended to meet the needs and priorities of rainforest communities. By examining the on-the-ground strategies taken by grassroots organisations and NGOs to support the establishment of sustainable and resilient livelihoods based on agroecological principles, as well as the sustainable procurement processes and zero deforestation statements of large multi-national buyers, we discuss the opportunities and challenges for aligning supply chain management with the targets of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Examining the links between producers in rainforest communities, the strategies of large global enterprises and their socio-economic and spatial contexts reveals significant tensions which require careful attention for supply chain initiatives to effectively deliver sustainability outcomes. Finally, we examine opportunities for optimising synergies between the SDGs and consider the favourable governance conditions for supply chain management to contribute to rainforest conservation that takes into account issues of equity and agency of local people.



Full talk
ID: 291 / 205R: 3
205R Sustainable rainforest communities: Supply chains, trade-offs and emerging technologies
Keywords: citizen science, geographical information, environmental information, community consent process

Developing appropriate data collection and visualisation tools for forest communities

Mordechai Haklay, Jerome Lewis, Simon Hoyte, Michalis Vitos, Artemis Skarlatidou, Julia Altenbuchner, Marcos Moreu Badia, Dan Artus

Extreme Citizen Science group, UCL, United Kingdom

The aim of the ERC funded project "Extreme Citizen Science: Analysis and Visualisation" is to develop the tools, methodologies, and approaches, that will support communities with limited literacy to be able to collect environmental information about their area and share it with trusted parties, including the development of visualisation tools that can allow them to see the information and understand the trends that are emerging within it. In particular, this approach is focusing on digital tools that allow the recording of information accurately.

In this paper, we will cover the challenges of developing tools that will assist participants to collect information accurately, some of the emerging visualisation tools, and the detailed social process that is used to ensure that the technologies are integrated in a culturally appropriate way.



Full talk
ID: 566 / 205R: 4
205R Sustainable rainforest communities: Supply chains, trade-offs and emerging technologies
Keywords: forest landscapes, suply chains, policy, governance

Non Timber Forest Products in the Brazilian Amazon: The role of socio biodiversity chains

Sónia Maria Carvalho Ribeiro, Britaldo Soares Filho

UFMG, Brazil

One of major unsolved questions in Brazil still is how to keep Amazon forests biodiversity while enhancing wellbeing, education and economic growth for Amazon forests related livelihoods. In Brazil, Amazon forest biodiversity lives together with a variety of sociocultural groups: over 644,000 families of ribeirinhos agro-extractivists, 204 indigenous tribes of over 605,000 families and over 4,500 families of quilombola people, creating a rich cultural heritage, singular Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK), and skilled traditional abilities that are an important contributor to Brazilian forest identity. Traditional communities in Amazon use and trade raw materials of surrounding forests, a variety of Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) as part of their livelihoods. These products were awarded in Brazil as socio biodiversity chains acknowledging the diversity of Socio- Ecological Systems (SES) and land management peculiarities . Our approach couples knowledge on spatially explicit knowledge on productivity and rentability of Non Timber Forest Products (such as Rubber and Brazil Nut), with scenario planning and ecosystem services mapping for forging collaborative governance approaches in a set of predefined communities in the vast area of Brazilian Amazon. Our results show that livelihoods associated to NTFPs commodities market is only possible in high productivity areas that represent a small share of the Brazilian Amazon (http://csr.ufmg.br/amazones/). Even in these areas the collection of NTFPs does not provide reliable income for the vast majority of forest families. In the vast majority of the area of Amazon rainforest the socio biodiversity supply chains as proposed by the Ministry of Environment in 2009 still deal with implementation issues. Our work highlights that there is thus the need to forge new governance approaches beyond the traditional market chain approaches. Because our approach is spatially explicit we able to help at better target policy making in the areas were socio biodiversity supply chains can be enhanced as a way to contribute to the livelihoods in the biggest tropical forests in the world.



 
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