06-08: Providing low-cost housing
Understanding multiplicity of urban governance and planning regulations for a metropolitan region with focus on land and private development – Case study NCR – Delhi, India
University of Tokyo, Japan
Through this research we like to bring forth the urban land use pattern and Urban morphology created in absence of a comprehensive land and private development regulation within a metropolitan region. The aim for this study is to identify the actors/agents and their corresponding network within the governance framework of land and private development.
Wrong-Headed policies in the name of the poor: Case of Mumbai’s Cessed-Buildings
Mumbai School of Economics and Public Policy (MSE-PP), University of Mumbai, India
This paper is based on the premise that good governance and policy design must be informed by sound economic principles since, policies create incentives that influence behavior of the agents and agencies leading to take actions that in turn lead to outcomes. Such outcomes, when undesired, can distort the respective markets. Indeed, policies in the name of the poor have often led to repositioning of the ‘agents and agencies’ that lead to situations that ultimately harm the interests of the poor. Hence, we believe that, upon noticing the undesired outcomes, a critical evaluation of the underlying policy framework is paramount to deal with the root cause instead of symptomatic treatment. As an illustration of the above argument, we scrutinize the case of an important segment of housing market in Mumbai viz., cessed- buildings that came about as an outcome of the Rent Control Act 1947 and its surrounding offshoots/ tributaries.
Community resource mobilization for informal settlements regularization: impact of private community partnership in Tanzania
Human Settlements Action (HUSEA) Company Limited, Tanzania
The need to mobilize resources from alternative sources beyond government revenues and donor grants is very critical towards achieving not only Tanzania urban development, but also the global goal of ensuring inclusive and sustainable cities and communities by 2030.
This Paper offers practical approaches from a Private Community Partnership that strategically addressed resource gap for financing sustainable urban planning, development and management with a special focus on Informal Settlements Regularization. It presents best practices from the Human Settlements Action (HUSEA) – a private Urban Planning firm that mobilized over 1.5 Billion TZS (equivalent to 639, 577.02 USD) from informally developed communities in Dar-Es-Salaam city. The ongoing Partnership has so far put in regularization over 30,404 land parcels that benefit over 148,979 lives in a span of 8 months.
It concludes that there is a huge potential of resources at community level that, if well tapped, can finance public developmental projects.