08-12: Improving decision-making on common lands
Responding to the global agenda: valuation of undocumented lands to promote responsible land governance and human rights recognition
1UN-Habitat/GLTN, Kenya; 2Independent Consultant, Kenya
The paper highlights the challenges associated with valuation of unregistered lands given their complexities and magnitude. It highlights the guiding principles for the valuation of unregistered land supporting the SDGs and global commitments including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Likewise, it features the critical importance on the implementation of these and other human rights approaches to achieve fair and accountable methodologies in implementing valuations of unregistered lands, ensure responsible land governance and the domestication of these principles at country level is emphasized.
It further recommends adoption of fit for purpose principles to decrease cost of valuation and helping countries to identify the key principles and practices needed to incrementally build their valuation policies, industries and systems and to manage capacity development challenges.
Securing forest tenure for rural development: an integrated assessment tool
1The Equator Group, United States of America; 2World Bank, United States of America; 3Land Alliance, United States of America; 4Independent, United States of America
This Integrated Assessment Tool is the second product of the Securing Forest Tenure Program for Rural Development Program implemented by the World Bank under the Program on Forests (PROFOR). It is a companion piece of an Analytical Framework previously developed to highlight the relevance of secure tenure to sustainable development goals and to identify key elements from evidence and best practice for ensuring that community-based tenure is secured. This new contribution integrates a set of methodologies for assessing both why it is important to secure community-based forest tenure in a specific national or sub-national context, and what needs to be done to strengthen forest tenure in that context. This work includes an overview of the two-part assessment methodology for understanding the different dimensions of community-based forest tenure, reflecting on points of entry for conducting assessments; and step-by-step process guidelines for conducting assessments.
Whose land is it anyway? Exploring new ways for consensus building in policy making
University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Navigating the politics of land policy making presents a challenge many countries are yet to surmount. This paper uses evidence from interviews and archival research to trace the land policy making process in Zambia. Using the analogy of a game, actors are scrutinized in relation to their position in the game and their influence on the process. The paper finds that the dominant playmaker, the government, influences the pace and direction of policy making. However, a key player, the traditional leader and defender, is not accorded the necessary game time and space, thus tension is rife in negotiations. The paper concludes with a call for referees, international observers, to play a more pivotal role in directing the pace of the game. Other key players such as civil society and non-governmental organizations are called to co-coordinate the game in the interest of the poor and marginalized.
Land rights progress a participatory land governance tool for Cameroon
1Centre pour l'Environment et Development, Cameroon; 2International Institute for Environment and Development, Cameroon; 3Network to Fight Against Hunger
Cameroon faces several land governance issues, which can be explained by the weaknesses of the land laws, adopted in the mid-70s, demographic growth and the increase of land related investments, creating a growing land scarcity on the territory. The European Union-funded project LandCam aims to generate lessons for the land law reform, through a combination of tools and approach, including field and national level dialogue and using a land governance tracking tool designed specifically for Cameroon, but easily replicable in other African countries. The tool focuses on four points and results will be publish in an annual flagship report: (1) Action research in pilot sites; (2) Yearly in-depth research on a specific land-related theme; (3) National level tracking of land policy changes based on a set of criteria extracted from the international commitments of the State; (4) Remote sensing, used to complement field data, especially participatory maps