05-06: Institutionalizing bottom-up monitoring
Prindex: putting global tenure insecurity into perspective with results from 33 country surveys in 2018
1Global Land Alliance, United States of America; 2ODI, United Kingdom
This paper reviews findings from the initial 33 countries in which data is being collected during 2018 of Prindex (The Global Property Rights Index), a survey designed to measure tenure insecurity on both a global and national basis. With this initial installment of what is planned as a 140-country baseline study by the end of 2019, Prindex will begin providing national policymakers, researchers, entrepreneurs, and non-governmental organizations in the land rights community with a new dataset to assess the scope and nature of tenure insecurity. Based on nationally-representative samples of individuals 18 and older, Prindex measures tenure insecurity in terms of respondents’ perceived likelihood of losing use rights to their home or other property against their will within the next five years. It does so both on an aggregate level, and disaggregated by gender, location, income, age, household size, tenure type, and length of tenure.
Perceived tenure insecurity among renters and its implications for ongoing urbanisation
1Overseas Development Institute, United Kingdom; 2Global Land Alliance, United States of America
As urbanisation increases, especially in African cities, so too does the number of people living in rented housing. Initial findings from the Prindex survey show that people in rented housing feel 21% more insecure about losing their property than those who own theirs. There are many reasons as to why renters feel so insecure – primarily, they are worried about being evicted by the owner of the property, but lack of money, family disagreements and government seizures also play a part. A lack of land tenure security has large negative impacts on the poor and vulnerable. If managed poorly, settlement of incoming urban migrants can heighten tension and destabilisation, meaning cities are not able to realise all the benefits of urbanisation. To address the situation renters find themselves in, city governments should improve urban land management to ensure that formal sector housing and land markets can respond with adequate supply.
Indigenous data sovereignty
EWMI-Open Development Initiative, Myanmar
The Mekong region is home to over 100 indigenous and ethnically distinct communities who have struggled to retain their autonomy. While each group of indigenous and ethnic minorities (IEM) have unique struggles, a general theme emerges: access to land and natural resources. Despite global recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples in the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UN General Assembly, 2007), IEM rights have in some cases been rendered meaningless because of the colonization and repatriation of IEM. IEM claims to land and livelihoods based on the related natural resources have suffered, in part because IEM-produced data and knowledge have usually been delegitimized by governing powers.
This paper discusses how open data policies focused on Indigenous Data Sovereignty, applied to create a coordinated network, has contributed to the public provision of data and its use in land claims in Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.
National land observatories: a tool for transparency, accountability, and informed decision making over land for all
1International Land Coalition, Senegal; 2CIRAD / International Land Coalition, Italy; 3CIRAD / Observatoire du foncier à Madagascar; 4CIRAD / ISRA-BAME; 5Centre for Development and Environment; 6International Land Coalition, Italy; 7IPAR, Senegal
Data regarding land governance is often considered "inaccurate", "incomplete", "biased". In order to overcome these shortcomings, national land observatories are being developed, as structures, on one hand, of data collection, storage and management, and on the other hand, of production, analysis and reporting of information and knowledge. As such, as they are nationally managed and promoting an eco-system of data, land observatories are privileged instruments for reducing information asymmetries, promoting data transparency and accountability, supporting informed decision-making, strengthening debates on land tenure issues and promoting citizen participation in land governance. This paper presents in detail the results of a study on land observatories in Africa. It identifies four types of land observatories in Africa with different structures, roles and mandates, for which it assesses the factors of success and failure in order to better equip them in view of informed decision-making over land for all.