03-10: Can participatory land use planning help secure tenure?
Rural land use planning, the integration of shared resources mapping for improved communal tenure security: experiences from Zambia
1University of Lusaka, Zambia; 2Chipata District Land Alliance, Zambia
Rural areas in Zambia are characterised by encroachment of important historical sites and natural biodiversity such as burial sites and natural forests. This is mainly due to lack of co-ordinated land use planning. Although the chiefs act as arbiters of land disputes and have ultimate authority over the management of customary lands in Zambia, the methods they employ are of a curative nature. In most chiefdoms there are few records kept on land allocation to subjects, on land management rules or decrees, or on rulings from land disputes. Due to these numerous problems facing customary land governance structures in resolving land disputes and help in the preservation of historical sites and natural biodiversity, long lasting preventive land administration techniques are inevitable across chiefdoms. Land use planning has been identified as one of the tools that can be employed to effectively resolve the chiefdom problems identified above.
Context, power, equity and effectiveness in territorial planning multi-stakeholder commissions: a comparative analysis of two very different Brazilian States
1University of Florida (UF), United States of America; 2University of Florida (UF), United States of America; 3Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Peru
Multi-stakeholder forums (MSFs) gained popularity in territorial planning as an innovative method that brings diverse actors together to advance “good governance” and “sustainable development”. However, both territorial planning and MSFs constitute a double-edged sword. Advancing certain goals, strengthening certain land-use rights and benefiting certain actors can come at the cost of others, with the potential to both challenge or reproduce power asymmetries. MSFs may present the shortcomings, and profit from the lessons, recognized by scholars and practitioners. Based on mixed methods research, we comparatively analyze equity and power dynamics in the Ecological-Economic Zoning (ZEE) commissions of Acre and Mato Grosso, two Brazilian States with different contexts. We reveal that territorial planning MSFs have better chances to promote equitable power relations and environmental benefits when they emerge - and operate in - a historical context that embraces social-environmental movements, the “common good”, trade-offs and subjectivities, rather than from technocratic top-down initiatives.
Clarification, recognition and formalization of land rights in a landscape restoration project in Burundi
1Independant consultant, France; 2World Bank
The World Bank “Burundi Landscape Restoration and Resilience Project” mobilizes an integrated landscape approach for sustainably managing land, water and forest resources. It includes a land certification subcomponent that aims at clarifying and securing land rights. This subcomponent is made possible by the existence of a land reform undertaken in Burundi for 10 years: political and a renewed legal and regulatory framework, pilot implementation experiments and first phase of scaling-up. The creation of Communal Land Services enables the clarification, recognition and formalization of the land rights through a local, public and contradictory procedure which leads to the issuance of land certificates. This system also allows to solve amicably a number of land disputes. The land component will consist in the creation or the reinforcement of Communal Land Services in the project intervention communes and the implementation of systematic land rights recognition operations in the hills concerned by the project.
Participatory Community Land Use Planning (CLUP ) as a means of conflict prevention and poverty alleviation in rural areas through pilot experiments in the east of Democratic Republic of Congo: provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu and Tituri
UN-HABITAT, Congo, Republic of the
The communication aims to present the PCLUP as an approach that can contribute to the fight against the root causes of land conflicts in the DRC while developing good practices in terms of peaceful, fair and secure access through a process in which all actors from the locality took part.
The added value of the CLUP : A process based: on the participation of communities and institutional, administrative and political actors ; on ownership by the political authorities; on consensus building on land regimes and uses.
A process contributing to the improvement of the security of tenure rights (formal, informal, collective, individual). A process that responds to land access needs of the vulnerable (women, displaced); Anticipates the causes of land conflicts: social dialogue, consensus on rules of access and land use;develops appropriate tools for integrated and participative management of space and land. and sets up a Community Land Use Plan (CLUP).