11-07: Using data and planning to improve urban resilience
Cities and good urban land management practice as a catalyst for climate change adaptation in developing countries: case of Blantyre city, Malawi
Blantyre City Council, Malawi
Cities occupy a unique position as they are crucibles of political and governance innovations that enables them to play major roles in climate change interventions in developing countries. Through better policy responses and practices such as land use planning and building codes, cities can keep their ecological footprints to the minimum and ensure their residents especially the poor are protected as best as possible against climate change disasters which including drought, floods and other calamities. However, cities are challenged in terms of capacity to take full advantage of their unique position as they occupy to address climate change. This paper highlights initiatives in supporting cities to deal with climate change. It looks at the unique position of cities and good urban land management practices in developing countries as a catalyst for climate change adaptation, and further discusses current global and regional initiatives to implement this ‘urban dimension’ to climate change.
Developing voluntary gender responsive relocation policy guidelines to support sustainable urban development
1Habitat for Humanity International, United States of America; 2University of East London
Slum dwellers face a range of challenges– from tenure insecurity to poor quality housing and lack of access to basic amenities and services– threatening their daily existence. Yet, a growing and often understated risk comes from climatic/environmental hazards and natural disasters that threaten both loss of property and life. In high-risk non-viable settlements, physical infrastructure interventions are often hard to justify on the basis of both economic costs measured through cost-benefit analysis or long-term environmental risks, such as rising sea levels or river flooding. Under such circumstances, meeting the commitment of the New Urban Agenda (NUA) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 11), to “make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable” requires the implementation of voluntary relocation schemes where slum upgrading may not create sustainable outcomes.