Conference Agenda

Session Overview
Location: MC 9-100
Date: Tuesday, 26/Mar/2019
8:30am - 10:00am01-09: Using remote sensing to assess impacts of forest policy
Location: MC 9-100
Session Chair: Joep Crompvoets, KU Leuven, Belgium
MC 9-100 

Informality in access to land and deforestation in the legal Amazon: an empirical study of the state of Acre

João Paulo Mastrangelo1,2, Bastiaan Philip Reydon2, Pedro Cavalcante Filho2, Rosângela Ballini2, Adâmara Felício2, Dallas de Souza2, Claudio Cavalcante3, Antonio Marcos Silva3, Rafael Garrafiel3

1Federal University of Acre, Brazil; 2University of Campinas; 3State Secretary for the Environment

Last Forests Standing: Deforestation prevention with land-use monitoring and valuation in Côte D’Ivoire

Neeraj Baruah

Vivid Economics, United Kingdom

Land use Management in Nigeria: the role of Remote Sensing

Mayowa Ajibola1, Aderemi Adeyemo2, Charles Ayo1, Gideon Adeyemi1

1Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria; 2Lead City University, Ibadan, Nigeria

Comparative evaluation of the registered information in the Rural Environmental Registry base under the Federal Cerrado Project

Lilianna Gomes1, Carlos Pires2, Rebecca Fiore3, Janaína Rocha1, Carlos Sturm1, Gabriela Gonçalves1, Leandro Biondo1, Bernardo Trovão1, Rejane Mendes1

1Brazilian Forest Service, Brazil; 2The World Bank, Brazil; 3Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Brazil

10:30am - 12:00pm02-09: Using cadastral information to value and govern natural capital
Location: MC 9-100
Session Chair: Randall Bluffstone, Portland State University, United States of America
MC 9-100 

Valuing Natural Capital

Fiona Mannix

RICS, United Kingdom

Natural capital has been defined by the Natural Capital Protocol (NCP) as the “world's stocks of natural assets which include geology, soil, air, water and all living things”. Green finance and green growth offers unprecedented opportunities for financial institutions to invest in natural features such as woodland, peatland and wetland. Natural capital can catalyse new partnerships and foster innovation between financial institutions, land owners, environmental organisations and government. With a range of “values” being attached to natural capital assets, it’s important to note the distinctions between the value of an asset as it stands for sale / notional sale, the evaluation of an asset for its deemed or perceived benefits / disbenefits associated with its existence, enjoyment, environmental or aesthetic contribution, and the evaluation of an asset for strategic decision-making purposes. Relevant parties need to be aufait with the range of “values” being calculated and their origins.

Improving natural resource management for developing nations through the implementation of online mining cadastre solutions

Glenn Matthews

Trimble, South Africa

Government agencies world-wide acknowledge that the transparent and efficient management of their natural resources is a critical factor in the growth and stability of their economies and in uplifting communities.

While the extractive industry is often a complex and dynamic sector, with participation of stakeholders across many parts of the community, governments are able to effectively manage compliance and revenues, and attract responsible investment to their jurisdiction through a modern, fit for purpose, mining cadastre information management system.

This presentation will focus on how the implementation of a modern mining cadastre system, particularly for developing nations, can assist government agencies in meeting their extractive industry goals, while at the same time providing the industry with the confidence that their underlying mining tenure is protected and secure.

Open Interactive Map Platform Infrastructure to support projects on local and regional scale.

Leandro Biondo, Bernardo Trovao, Rejane Mendes, Janaina Rocha

Brazilian Forest Service, Brazil

Brazilian Forest Services manages the Rural Environmental Register from Brazilian Forest Code for environmental planning. Non-governmental organizations, small hydrological basin committees and city administrators work closer to the people on the countryside. Some of these data clients had difficulties on usage and processing of the information and we helped with personalized versions of official interactive maps with changed coverage regions, available layers and tools.

We developed a platform in the most transparent, simple and open sourced way possible. This platform now allows anyone to connect to our data via web service, using the desktop GIS software of preference with the possibility to just use the updated information as needed instead of downloading every part every time. After studies on scale representativeness and rural properties characteristics we got service loading and data exporting times reduced on a 40 to 60% average to better attend each of the 5.570 municipalities in Brazil.

Restoration Opportunities Atlas of India - building information bridges for people, forests and landscapes

Marie Josephine Nishanthi Duraisami, Ruchika Singh

World Resources Institute India, India

Protecting forests, implementing tree-based landscape restoration, and securing tenure and resource rights are globally recognized as cost-effective solutions for combating climate change. In India, the landscape approach underpins achievement of international and domestic commitments to climate and development. However, critical gaps in data, particularly of key enabling conditions such as tenure, resource rights, risks and financial mechanisms undermine planning for landscape restoration at scale. This abstract provides an overview of the key enabling conditions that underpin success of landscape restoration and introduces the Restoration Opportunities Atlas of India. The Atlas is a web-based platform that brings together best available data and rigorous analysis to support development of pathways to achieve the NDC, plan for restoration at scale and understand status of enabling conditions.Importantly, it promotes data sharing, fosters adaptive learning within the restoration community and provides basis for developing a monitoring platform for tracking India’s progress towards the NDC.

The socio-economic impact of measures to avert or reverse land degradation in agriculture: a systematic review

Mandy Malan2, Ezra Berkhout1, Jan Duchoslav3, Maarten Voors2, Stefan Van Der Esch1, Willem Verhagen1

1PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Netherlands, The; 2Wageningen University, Netherlands, The; 3IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute, United States of America

Continuous processes of land degradation -losses of soil, nutrients and water holding capacity, pose a threat to maintaining or increasing agricultural productivity. Raising agricultural productivity is key to feeding a burgeoning global population and protecting biodiversity. Therefore, various options to promote sustainable land management are advocated to avert or reverse such processes of land degradation on agricultural land. While a positive impact of such interventions on socio-economic outcomes is often assumed, the actual evidence base supporting such claims is lacking. We set to fill this gap using a systematic review. We identify relevant studies on promoting sustainable land management that assess impact on socio-economic indicators, including changes in net income or food security status, and those that apply rigorous econometric methods. We estimate the average effect of the management options considered on socio-economic outcomes and explore potential sources of heterogeneity.

2:00pm - 3:30pm03-09: Linking tenure to planning in forest land
Location: MC 9-100
Session Chair: Anne Larson, CIFOR, Peru
MC 9-100 

Best-bet options for ensuring tropical forest conservation and livelihoods development: Evidence from the community forest concessions in Petén, Guatemala

Dietmar Stoian1,2, Aldo Rodas3, Iliana Monterroso4

1Bioversity International, France; 2World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), France; 3Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Guatemala; 4Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)

The Maya Biosphere Reserve (MBR) in Petén, Guatemala, is a prominent example for the devolution of forest rights to local communities. Community forest concessions have been established on about 400,000 ha, reducing deforestation to a minimum. While the conservation benefits of the concessions are well documented, there is little insight into their socio-economic performance. This in-depth study of currently nine active and three inactive concessions focuses on the community forest enterprises (CFE) operating them, with emphasis on: 1) the benefits accruing to CFE members, local communities, and society at large; 2) the degree to which forest-based income allows member households to move out of poverty; and 3) how such income is reinvested in livelihood and business assets. We show the critical importance of the findings in support of the communities' claim for renewal of the concessions, which is due over the next years, and broader implications for natural resource governance.

Forest restoration and afforestation in India

Laura Valencia2, Kundan Kumar1

1Rights and Resources Initiative, United States of America; 2University of Toronto, Canada

India’s regreening ambitions are second only to China’s, with vast investments having been made in afforestation and restoration of degraded forests and lands. It is estimated that India has planted over 19 million ha. of forestry plantations between 2003-2014, even though the forest cover has barely increased. Its forest policy aims to increase forest cover from 23% to 33% of the country’s land area. The regreening thrust is also captured in its INDC, wherein India seeks to sequester an additional 2.5-3 billion tons of CO2 equivalent and plans to take up at least 5 million ha. of afforestation. A $7 billion fund called the Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF), derived from statutory offsets for diversion of legal forest lands, is targeted to be spent for afforestation and forest restoration. Additional funds are allocated by the government for afforestation through Green India Mission, Rural Employment Generation schemes etc.

Integrating forest recovery and low-carbon agriculture in priority watersheds of Brazilian savannah: The FIP-Landscape Project

Lidiane Moretto1, Janaína Rocha1, Tatiana Calçada1, Taiguara Alencar3, Rejane Mendes1, Leandro Biondo1, Sidney Medeiros2, Lilianna Mendes1, Polyanna Paro3, Bernadete Lange4, Daniela Ziller4, Carlos Eduardo Sturm1, Carlos Pires3, Bernardo Trovão1, Rebecca Fiore3, Jaine Cubas Davet1, Magna Cunha dos Santos3, Anselm Duchrow3

1Brazilian Forest Service (SFB), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply (MAPA), Brazil; 2Secretariat for Innovation, Rural Development and Irrigation, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply (MAPA), Brazil; 3GIZ, Brazil; 4World Bank, Brazil

The article shows the methodology of prioritization of watersheds in Brazilian Savannah Biome ("Cerrado") for the activities of the new project of the World Bank's Forest Investment Program (FIP) in Brazil - Integrated Landscape Management in the Cerrado Biome Project or "FIP-Landscape". This project integrates, in a innovative approach, practices of Low-Carbon Agriculture and Forest Recovery for landscape management. It is coordinated by the Brazilian Forest Service-SFB and the Secretariat for Innovation, Rural Development and Irrigation of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply-MAPA with technical cooperation of GIZ.

Tenure security and forest landscape restoration: Results from exploratory research in Boeny, Madagascar

Rebecca McLain1, Patrick Ranjatson2, Steven Lawry1, Jean Mananga3, Tolotra Razafimbelo2, Renaud Randrianasolo2

1Center for International Forestry Research, United States of America; 2Ecole Supérieure des Sciences Agronomiques (ESSA); Université d'Antananarivo – Madagascar; 3Independent consultant

Madagascar aims to restore 4 million ha of degraded forests by 2030 under the Bonn Challenge. Chief among the constraints identified to forest landscape restoration (FLR) are a lack of tenure security for smallholders and weak forest law enforcement. We present preliminary results from research in Boeny Region, Madagascar to improve understanding of local tenure systems and how they might affect FLR investment. We identified two land tenure models: an endogenous model rooted in the local customary system with weak state intervention, and an exogenous model heavily influenced by external actors and where customary systems have limited legitimacy. These differences will affect FLR investment choices and success of tenure securitization. We recommend that FLR actors be trained to use tenure diagnostic tools that distinguish between different hybrid systems. Such training will provide FLR actors with the conceptual tools needed to design and implement FLR programs appropriate for complex tenure systems.

3:45pm - 5:15pm04-09: Approaches towards sustainable land use management
Location: MC 9-100
Session Chair: Kim Thompson, USAID, United States of America
MC 9-100 

Development of an informal land use register for South Africa

Rajesh Nooka, Willy Govender, Mfanafuthi Gama

Data World (Pty) Ltd, South Africa

Spatial Planning is an important driver for promoting sustainable development and improving quality of life. It organises land uses to cater to the demands of development with environmental considerations. The effectiveness of planning hinges on the availability of comprehensiveness and quality of information. However, in South Africa, there is a critical gap in the availability of information that can genuinely depict the status of rural areas regarding current land. The problem is aggravated by the fact the no spatial reference can be made for large parts of the country’s rural areas as the cadastre does not cover them.

This paper presents a case study of a project that has recently been undertaken to create an informal land use register and a spatial database of infrastructure for rural areas of South Africa. This project is to assist all local municipalities in creating a single, wall to wall land use scheme.

Rural Environmental Registry in the priority municipalities for Cerrado deforestation combating, in Brazil

Carlos Henrique Pires Luiz1, Rejane Marques Mendes2, Leandro Meneguelli Biondo2, Lilianna Mendes Latini Gomes2, Janaina de Almeida Rocha2, Bernardo de Araujo Moraes Trovão2, Carlos Eduardo Portella Sturm2, Pedro de Almeida Salles2, Gustavo Henrique de Oliveira2, Magna Cunha dos Santos3

1The World Bank, Brazil; 2Brazilian Forest Service / Ministry of the Environment, Brazil; 3German Agency for International Cooperation - GIZ

The Rural Environmental Registry (CAR) is an important source of landholdings information for environmental and economic control, monitoring and planning, as well as to combat deforestation in Brazil. This publication provides CAR information declared until August / 2018, for the geographical context of the priority municipalities for Cerrado deforestation combating, a set of 52 municipalities located in the Cerrado Biome for priority actions to monitor and control illegal deforestation, land management and the encouragement of environmentally economic activities maintenance of native areas and recovery of degraded areas. Furthermore, the area registered in the CAR and the municipal boundaries were crossed with MapBiomas land cover – a database that provides the Cerrado land cover for a historical series between 2000 and 2016 – to evaluate the evolution of the land cover on the municipality and in the area registered in the CAR.

Environment and land use trends in the Ethiopian lowlands

Daniel Monchuk

The World Bank, United States of America

This study examines environmental and land use trends in Ethiopia focusing primarily on the lowland areas. Unlike the Ethiopian highlands which have been studied much more extensively, land-use trends, environmental threats and socio-economic challenges facing those living in the lowlands (i.e. areas below 1500m elevation) are much less understood as are the types of policies and practices promoting resilience among vulnerable groups. To support better decision making and more efficient delivery and targeting of programming, this study analyzes trends in the environment and land use to better understand the challenges faced by lowland changing vegetation patterns and expansion of cropping in traditional rangeland areas. The approach adopted draws heavily on a variety of remote-sensed (i.e. satellite) data in combination with environmental station monitoring data, field observations and local expertise to look at long-term (i.e. 1986-2017) as well as short-term (2000-2017) trends to better understand challenges faced by the lowland population.


Date: Wednesday, 27/Mar/2019
8:30am - 10:00am05-09: Implementing REDD in practice
Location: MC 9-100
Session Chair: Peter Veit, World Resources Institute, United States of America
MC 9-100 

Practical guide for the creation and management of conservation space

Douglas Steinberg1, Bala W. Sanou2, Fako Bruno Ouattara2, Brook Johnson2, Amber Lee James1, Caroline Plançon-Rodriguez3

1National Cooperative Business Association CLUSA International, United States of America; 2Independent Consultant, Burkina Faso; 3World Bank, United States of America

Burkina Faso’s Ministry of Environment, Green Economy and Climate Change (MEEVCC) is developing solutions to secure rural commons used by multiple actors. MEEVCC received the support of the National Cooperative Business Association (NCBA CLUSA) to design a practical guide to help local governments to secure the sustainable use of forest reserves in Burkina Faos’s effort to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). NCBA CLUSA conducted a field assessment and consultation process in four communes to draw lessons from the resource use and practices at the village level. From this assessment and with local actors involved in NRM and land tenure, the study identified lessons, analyzed institutional constraints and the legal options offered for the securing of commons. 32 communes will use this practical guide to secure their commons, with the objective of reaching impact at scale in the reduction of carbon emissions related to land use change.

Development of a practical guide to support local actors in the development and management of conservation areas in the context of REDD+

Amber Lee James, Bala Wenceslas Sanou, Fako Bruno Ouattara

NCBA CLUSA International, United States of America

The National Cooperative Business Association drew on experience in natural resources management in West Africa to develop a practical guide to secure the sustainable use of forest reserves in the context of REDD+ objectives for Land Degradation Neutrality. Over an eight-month period, our team in Burkina Faso worked with the World Bank Forest Investment Program, a technical advisory group and ministries. We conducted a literature review, interviews with policy makers, and field assessments of resource use and practices at the commune (the lowest level of political and administrative districts) and village levels in four communes: Gassan, Sapouy, Siby and Zambo. Issues emerging include a diversity of land uses (forest resources, as well as non-timber products including fauna); degraded resources; accommodating private interests, such as traditional hunter associations or across multiple villages with claims; lack of institutional memory and documentation of previous planning efforts; and reconciling legitimate and legally recognized actors.

Rethinking land development and offset mechanisms in cambodia

Alexander Marx, Ratana Pen

Heinrich Boell Foundation, Cambodia

This publication is on "Green Growth" and natural Resource Development in Cambodia. In view of this factual situation, the question arises whether member countries of the OECD or the developed countries could expand their influence in Cambodia by means of other actions. The two offset mechanisms (CDM and REDD+) will be explained in detail, which will then be used to investigate environmental projects in Cambodia provinces. In view of the controversial situation, the REDD+ is supposed to help to ensure sustainable forest use. It is particularly clear that this form of land grabbing is justified by the advocates of “Green Growth”, "maximizing sustainability" and "preserving ecosystems". This type of "optimization" as well as the heterogeneity of the very different actors in the face of common interests underline the difference to the phenomenon of land grabbing, also because the exploitation of natural resources such as oil or wood is not directly in their focus.

Environmental justice in the REDD+ frontier: indigenous experiences from the scholarly literature and proposals for a way forward

Juan Pablo Sarmiento Barletti, Anne Larson

Center for International Forestry Research, Peru

We present the findings of a systematic search of the scholarly literature dealing with how projects and national processes of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) framework have affected, positively or negatively, the rights of indigenous peoples. Our review is intended as a follow-up to early warnings that REDD+ might violate indigenous rights, and to positions held by proponents that REDD+ can be a vehicle to achieve further recognition of indigenous rights. By exploring the question of indigenous rights in the REDD+ frontier — the national and local contexts in which REDD+ is being rolled out — we aim to inform ongoing related discussions in scholarly and practised-based circles.

This presentation engages with Theme 4 of the conference — Land and human rights, gender, indigenous peoples.

How the climate protection strengthens the indigenous territories in the Amazon: The REDD Early Movers Program (REM) in Mato Grosso - Brazil

Taiguara Alencar1, Renata Oliveira Costa1, Eliane Lima2, Deroni Mendes3

1GIZ, Brazil; 2FEPOIMT, Brazil; 3ICV, Brazil

Brazil is a signatory of the Paris Agreement to tackle the Climate Change. The Mato Grosso State, located in the Amazon, commited with the end of the lllegal deforestation which allowed the launch of the REDD Early Movers (REM) Program supported by KfW and GIZ. It rewards pioneers for their success in reducing deforestation, based in payment for results under a stock-flow methodology that rewards several actors, especially the conservationists. The Program, coordinated by the State Government, includes a Subprogram for Indigenous Territories whose consultation process (of 43 ethnicities) fully respected the Convention 169 of ILO. It has the partnership of the brazilian NGO Instituto Centro de Vida (ICV) and has the Federation of Indigenous Peoples of Mato Grosso (FEPOIMT) as the protagonist. The article aims to demonstrate how the REM Program, supported by German Cooperation, has strengthened the Indigenous Territories in Mato Grosso-Brazil,

10:30am - 12:00pm06-09: Enhancing tenure security for forest land
Location: MC 9-100
Session Chair: Jintao Xu, Peking University, China, People's Republic of
MC 9-100 

Multi-stakeholder forums as innovation for natural resource management? Results from a Realist Synthesis Review of the scholarly literature

Anne Larson1, Juan Pablo Sarmiento Barletti1, Christopher Hewlitt2, Deborah Delgado3

1CIFOR, Peru; 2University of Maryland, College Park, United States of America; 3PUCP, Peru

This article presents the results of a Realist Synthesis Review (RSR) of global scholarly literature on Multi-Stakeholder Forums (MSFs) set up to address land use and land use change (LULUC) at the subnational level. The article contributes not only empirically to the study of MSFs and similar participatory processes, but also methodologically to the social sciences more generally, through the application of the RSR over the more common systematic reviews. The review is a timely examination because MSFs –an integral part of ‘landscape approaches’ and ‘multi-stakeholder initiatives’– have received renewed attention from policy makers and development and conservation practitioners, in light of the growing perception of urgency to address climate change and transform development trajectories.

Examining relationships in forest governance quality: Insights from forest frontier communities in Zambia´s Miombo ecoregion

Hellen Nansikombi1, Richard Fischer1, Gillian Kabwe2, Sven Günter1

1Thünen Institute of International Forestry and Forest Economics, Hamburg, Germany; 2Copperbelt University, Kitwe, Zambia

Good forest governance is considered a prerequisite for combating deforestation. Several countries including Zambia have formulated policies taking this into account. Several methodologies have been developed to track progress of forest governance. We apply the Governance of Forests Initiatives (GFI) indicator framework by the World Resource Institute to compare governance performance of different arrangements, with differing tenure and restriction to forest access and use in Zambia´s Miombo. Additionally, we test the applicability of the GFI indicators, on basis of community perceptions. Results reveal that: forest governance quality is low in all arrangements. However, tenure security and use restrictions are scoring relatively high in the non-restricted and culturally restricted arrangements, respectively. Implying the opportunity for strategies that build on existing customary tenure rights and cultural use restriction to improve forest governance. Concerning its methodological applicability, preliminary results show that some underlying governance factors cannot be exclusively summarized by the GFI thematic indicators.

Land Tenure Regularization in the Brazilian Amazon: perspectives on identifying social, economic and environmental variables for assessing its impacts

Gabriela C P Savian1, Marcelo C C Stabile1, Paulo R S Moutinho1, Elisa de Siqueira2, Gabriela Russo3, João Paulo Ribeiro1, Vivian Ribeiro1, Daniel S Silva1, Sylvia Mitraud1, Jarlene Gomes1, Alcilene Cardoso1, Jorge Espinoza4, Rogerio Cabral4, Díni L Silveira2, Robson Disarz5, João Paulo Mastrangelo6, Bastiaan Reydon6, Gabriel P Siqueira6

1Amazon Environmental Research Institute (IPAM); 2Consulting for Sustainable Development GITEC-IGIP GmbH; 3Ph.D. Candidate at the University of Amsterdam; 4Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH; 5National Colonization and Agrarian Reform Institute (INCRA); 6Universidade de Campinas (Unicamp)

Land tenure regularization and occupation have been a longstanding challenge in the Brazilian Amazon where land grabbing and land conflicts have been present for centuries. Few studies have been able to identify how much influence effective land tenure regularization can have on socioeconomic and environmental factors for the local population in the Amazon region.

The research proposed here builds on existing literature, field visits and geospatial analysis to identify a set of variables which can contribute to the creation of a methodology to understand social, economic and environmental impacts of land tenure regularization in the context of Brazil’s Terra Legal program, created in 2009 to regularize 57 million hectares of federal public lands in the Amazon as one of the main governmental strategies to combat deforestation.

Local perception of indigenous titling programs in the Peruvian Amazon

Peter Cronkleton, Anne Larson

Center for International Forestry Research, Peru

This paper analyzes local perceptions of communal land titling programs for Indigenous communities in the Peruvian Amazon. It is based on field research conducted in the regions of San Martin and Ucayali by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) in collaboration with the GIZ project ProTierras Comunales. This research assessed the progress made by land titling programs to provide information for decision makers that could improve tenure security and livelihood outcomes for indigenous people in the selected regions. In general, participating Indigenous people viewed land titling programs positively and believed these initiatives increased property rights security, however gaps in government support and confusion over land zoning are areas of concern.

Governance structures of native forests' management policy in North Argentina: the role of policy forums in mediating between conservation and production

Carla Inguaggiato1, Maurice Tschopp1, Graziano Michele Ceddia1, Dimitris Christodopolous2,3

1University of Bern, Switzerland; 2Modul University, Austria; 3Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh

Native forests are complex systems and the institutions governing them affect their ecosystem.

The forest policy in Argentina aims to achieve a compromise between production and conservation objectives. Furthermore, there are efforts promoting mediation between forests’ conservation and cattle production, aboriginal peoples’ rights, family farming survival and large estate land titles. It is therefore at the crossroad between different visions of sustainable development and of land tenure systems.

There is gap in the understanding of social mechanisms that drive collaboration among forest governance stakeholders. This paper aims to develop the understanding of the role of policy forums in connecting stakeholders with different core beliefs on forest management.

We study this complex policy arena via a mixed methods research design, which integrates social network analysis with stakeholder analysis, combining quantitative and qualitative analytic techniques. We combine the study of the policy networks topology, with the analysis of stakeholders’ core beliefs systems.

2:00pm - 3:30pm07-09: Enhancing tenure security for forest land
Location: MC 9-100
Session Chair: Dietmar Stoian, ICRAF, France
MC 9-100 

Gender gaps and actions being taken to address them in forest landscapes

Patricia Kristjanson, Tamara Bah, Anne Kuriakose, Meerim Shakirova, Gerardo Segura, Katharina Siegmann, Margaux Granat

World Bank, United States of America

Closing the gender gap in natural resource management programs in Mexico

Katharina Siegmann1, Zeina Afif1, Graciela Reyes-Retana3, Margarita Gomez Garcia2

1World Bank; 2CIDE; 3Cornell University

Innovation of locally-led adaptive programming in Natural Resource Governance Change in Myanmar

Aung Kyaw Thein, Rick Gregory

Pyoe Pin Institute, Myanmar

3:45pm - 5:15pm08-09: Expanding land markets and investments
Location: MC 9-100
Session Chair: Cornelis de Zeeuw, Kadaster, Netherlands, The
MC 9-100 

“A Land Market is the strategy for access to land for development”. Which land market? For whose benefit? An analysis of the Ugandan case

Judy Adoko, Liz Neate

Land and Equity Movement in Uganda - LEMU, Uganda

Land governance and urban development find a challenges in the perspective of social safeguards

Md Mayen Uddin Tazim

Asian Development Bank (ADB), Bangladesh, People's Republic of

Ghana: Collateralizing land use rights on customary land. Lessons and challenges for growing the mortgage market

Ian Rose1, Emmanuel Noah2

1DAI, United States of America; 2BenBen, Ghana


Date: Thursday, 28/Mar/2019
8:30am - 10:00am09-09: Bottom-up approaches: A key to land use planning
Location: MC 9-100
Session Chair: Klaus Ackermann, Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany
MC 9-100 

Increasing access to land for housing for Irula tribal families: Lessons from implementing the Solid Ground Campaign in India

Rebecca Ochong1, Rajan Samuel2, Suseela Anand2

1Habitat for Humanity International, Philippines; 2Habitat for Humanity, India

For many poor households, access to decent, secure land for even the most minimum housing needs continues to be a fundamental problem. This is despite land being an inseparable ingredient for them to survive, earn, thrive and lift themselves out of poverty. In India, the government has put in place laws and policies that govern land use and land tenure. However, deep-rooted perceptions, religious and cultural practices continue to dictate how land is used, or accessed. Through the Solid Ground Campaign, an innovative approach to mobilizing existing and new supporters to influence policy makers toward promoting policies and systems that improve access to land for shelter, Habitat for Humanity India focuses on the lived experiences of a historically marginalized tribe, the Irulas. This paper will elaborate lessons learned from implementing the Campaign in India as well as discuss potential policy actions to address land rights of such marginalized communities.

Giving the land back to people : solving colonial cases of land-grabbing in Madagascar

Ketakandriana Rafitoson

Transparency International - Initiative Madagascar, Madagascar

During the French colonial period (1896-1960), large agricultural areas had been titled on behalf of French, Greek, Creole or Indian companies. Nowadays, most of these concessions, which may span several hectares are occupied by indigenous peasants, migrants, or descendants of farm workers who are considered as squatters. Such a situation impedes agricultural potentialities and threatens human rights of millions of Malagasy citizens who are considered as strangers on their own land. Worried about the impacts of such land insecurity, Transparency International - Initiative Madagascar (TI-IM), a Malagasy association specialized in anti-corruption, decided to set up an innovative and corruption-free mechanism intended to solve it. After the launch of a Guidebook on land rights, TI-IM mapped these land conflicts in the Diana region (North of Madagascar) and developed an innovative technical and legal mechanism in order to give back these pieces of land to their legitimate owners: the Malagasy people.

Examining how land laws have implemented GLTN tools

Nicholas Tagliarino

UN Habitat, The Netherlands

This study examines the various legal criteria that should be incorporated into legal frameworks in order to support the implementation of GLTN's Access to Land and Tenure Security Tools as well as its Land Administration and Information Tools. This study presents illustrative examples of legal frameworks that, to some extent, support the implementation of the GLTN land tools, including frameworks enacted in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Rather than only discussing countries in which GLTN has supported the implementation of its Land Tools, this study focuses more broadly on a range of country that (either intentionally or unintentionally) adopted the guidance provided by these Tools. By identifying a menu of legal options for promoting access to land, tenure security, and effective land administration, this report provides a useful snapshot that can inform and influence law- and policy-makers to adopt GLTN Land Tool guidance in domestic legal frameworks.

Sustaining sustainable development: Leveraging human rights structures to implement land-related SDGs

Bethany Roberts

Landesa, United States of America

Links and overlaps between the Sustainable Development Goals and the human rights realms results in a catalytic space for land rights advocacy. Both realms share common goals: human dignity and well-being, achieved through substantive empowerment and poverty alleviation. And in both realms, bridging the gap between policy and ground-level realities presents a set of challenges with overlapping solutions and needs for cross-sector coordination.

This paper will explore the potential of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) to serve as a bridging mechanism between the human rights realm and SDGs implementation and institutionalization. It will explore the following questions, featuring Myanmar’s NHRI as a case study:

• How does the role of an NHRI already relate to SDG implementation?

• What specific actions could an NHRI take to facilitate the coordination needed for SDG implementation?

• What capacity-building would be needed to enable NHRIs to play a robust role in SDG institutionalization?

10:30am - 12:00pm10-09: Capacity building: Lessons from experience
Location: MC 9-100
Session Chair: Charl-Thom Hilgardt Bayer, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia
MC 9-100 

Equal partnership in the capacity building project Eduland2: conceptual design, implementation, successes, challenges & lessons learnt

Reinfried Mansberger1, Sayeh Kassaw Agegnehu2, Gerhard Navratil3, Gebeyehu Belay Shibeshi4

1University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria; 2Debre Markos University, Ethiopia; 3Technische Universitaet Wien, Austria; 4Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia

The capacity building project “Implementation of Academic Land Administration Education in Ethiopia for Supporting Sustainable Development is a bilateral project between Austrian (BOKU Vienna, TU Vienna) and Ethiopian universities (DMU, BDU), funded by the Austrian Development Agency.

EduLAND2 is a trigger for the design and running a research-driven bachelor curriculum at DMU, for joint problem-oriented research, for the building academic staff capability, for joint research activities and for the preparation of demand driven community services – all on the topic of land administration.

Gender mainstreaming and the principle of equal partnerships between all project partners are central elements of EduLAND2. The presentation considers the conceptual design and the realisation for guaranteeing an equal partnership in the project. Based on the experiences gained by project members in EduLAND2, challenges and success factors for a successful and equal partnership are outlined. Recommendations for a long-term and successful equal partnership are given.

Encouraging women’s land rights and promoting female land professionals: A twin track approach to enhancing land governance

Zerfu Hailu Gebrewold, Gladys Savolainen, Tommi Tenno

NIRAS/Ethiopia, Ethiopia

Second Level Land Certificates (SLLC) have been issued to 10,634 households on 36,590 parcels. Proportionally, 63.9%, 21.5% and 14.5% of the certified households are married couples, female-headed and male-headed households, respectively. As married couples are registered with equal rights on their joint holding, females with recognized land rights are much higher than males.

Totally, 154 technicians are trained on rural cadaster and land registration. Proportionally, 28.6% of the graduates are female. Yearly percentage of female graduates varies from 26.3% to 45.5%. In 2019, there are 219 trainees attending courses on rural cadaster and land registration; of which 37% are female trainees. The female trainees at different levels vary from 30% to 51.9%. Proportionally, there are more female trainees in the current attendees than graduated ones. This breakthrough using a twin track approach enhances land governance and contributes to SDGs goals, targets and indicators.

Breakthrough, Equal rights, Female-headed, Male-headed, Married couples

The land research capacity of Africa: new research centre concept for catalysing improved land governance

Uchendu Eugene Chigbu1, Gaynor Paradza2, Simon Peter Mwesigye3

1Technical University of Munich, Germany; 2Independent Consultant, South Africa; 3UN-Habitat / GLTN, Uganda

This article explores a renewed approach to research centre. It uses desktop review and interviews with key informants from African universities to investigate the specific features that should characterise a research centre on land governance in Africa. The investigation also focuses on how to package and implement research centre concepts in land governance. It uses the SCImago Journal Rank platform to access data and analyse (and present) the research capacity country rankings of top 10 countries in Africa, as a way of understanding how African countries rank in general research outputs and in specific land governance subjects. It also deals on how to operationalise research centres in land governance to enable improved African-wide research outcomes. By way of an outcome, the article presents a new research centre concept for catalysing innovative research (learning) in land governance.

The ADLAND model: Transformative experiences and lessons in human capital development in land governance in Africa

Pamela Duran Diaz

Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Germany

ADLAND “Advancing Collaborative Research in Responsible and Smart Land Management in and for Africa” is a research model based on a strategic partnership for scientific, academic support in capacity development in land management to selected African universities. Grounded on the principle that African universities could act as decisive nodes for knowledge creation and exchange, a network of universities from the global North collaborate with them in developing human capacity.

ADLAND activities include capacity development workshops, research writing workshops with jointly written scientific papers, curricula development and review, and staff exchange to enhance knowledge transfer. The outcomes of such activities have successfully involved in the past 10 months more than 115 participants from 16 different African countries. With this perspective, Africa is becoming a place rather than a subject of research and education.

Scaling emerging geospatial technologies for land administration: understanding institutional innovation dynamics through a Technological Innovation System perspective

Serene Ho1,2, Tarek Zein3, Placide Nkerabigwi4, Valérie Pattyn1,5, Joep Crompvoets1

1KU Leuven, Belgium; 2RMIT University, Australia; 3Hansa Luftbild AG, Germany; 4INES Ruhengeri, Rwanda; 5Leiden University, The Netherlands

A combination of push and pull factors are stimulating geospatial innovation to respond to land administration challenges. Yet, as these alternative tools begin to move from development to implementation, we still know little about how the institutional environment helps or hinders innovation and importantly, scaling of these technologies to deliver impact. This paper contributes to this gap by applying the Technological Innovation System (TIS) framework in the context of an ongoing project in East Africa where four new geospatial tools are being developed and tested as alternative land tools. The outcomes of the analysis provides country-specific insight into how actors, their interactions, and the institutional arrangements impacts adoption and scaling of the geospatial tools, but also presents a generalized view of the extent developing countries are ready for disruptive geospatial innovation in land administration and raising awareness of those institutional aspects that are helping or hindering innovation.

2:00pm - 3:30pm11-09: Promising initiatives to build capacity
Location: MC 9-100
Session Chair: Diane Dumashie, International Federation of Surveyors - FIG, United Kingdom
MC 9-100 

Using a multi-lateral organisation to catalyse institutional innovation at global scale: Evidence from the work of the Global Land Tool Network partners

Clarissa Augustinus

Independent consultant, Ireland

UN-Habitat, a multi-lateral organization, facilitated the Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) partners to develop pro poor land tools between 2006-2015 to fill the gap conventional land administration was not addressing. This paper describes for the first time the global institutional change model that was used to develop these tools. The conceptual framework is based on Checkland (1981) and Jackson (2003) soft systems thinking for operational research to address complex and wicked problems; Ortiz (2013) on soft systems thinking and capacity development; and Barry and Fourie (2002) and Augustinus and Barry (2006) who used the approach to analyze national land systems. UN-Habitat/GLTN targeted parts of the global land industry to catalyze change and address the tenure insecurity and land administration gaps of the poor. The change model was used for understanding socially unjust land tenure patterns and as a way to ameliorate problems through tool development for altering power relations.

An innovative experience of capacity building for land in Central Africa

Paul Tchawa

University of Yaoundé 1, Cameroon

One of the major challenges facing land governance in Africa today is the inadequacy of the current knowledge production system in relation to the issues at stake.

In Central Africa a Center of Excellence supported by SELGA and ALPC has been created to coordinate the process of developing curricula on land governance.

The following hypothesis guide the project: a) graduates and trainees are ill-equipped to meet the needs and challenges of African land governance ‘industry’; b) African Higher Education Institutions have the potential to provide much of the training that countries need to achieve the objectives of controlling land for sustainable development.

This paper seeks to share an on-going experience supported by SELGA and ALPC on capacity building on land, laid on curricula development fed by the findings of different international initiatives among which LPI, LGAF and VGGT.

Importance of capacity building and training in the World Bank assisted projects - Case study of Serbia

Olivera Vasovic, Borko Draskovic, Dragan Pavlovic, Nada Teodosijevic

Republic Geodetic Authority, Serbia

Importance of capacity building in governmental institutions is recognized as a prerequisite not only for organizational, but also for infrastructural and social development. World Bank supports numerous projects worldwide. One of them is “Real Estate Management Project” in Serbia. Objective of the Real Estate Management Project is to improve efficiency, transparency, accessibility and reliability of Serbia’s real property management systems. One of subcomponents within the Project is D4 - Training. Aim of this subcomponent is to improve Republic Geodetic Authority’s operation in the long-term, influencing the work quality improvement, and to enhance the capacity of its staff. This paper describes undertaken training activities and institutional and governmental results achieved due to capacity building, as well as how they all together contribute to overall progress of Serbia as demonstrated by Serbia's improved ranking on the WB Doing Business list.


Date: Friday, 29/Mar/2019
9:00am - 10:30am12-05: Innovative grassroots women led tools for gender responsive land governance
Location: MC 9-100
MC 9-100 

Innovative grassroots women led tools for gender responsive land governance

Mino Harivelo Ramaroson1, Frances Birungi2, Birte Scholz1, Gaynor Paradza1

1HUAIROU COMMISSION, United States of America; 2UCOBAC, Uganda

Equal land rights for men and women are fundamental for realizing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Secure land rights for female farmers and business women can improve investments, access to credit and better land use and productivity. Equitable access, ownership and control of land ad tenure security for all cannot occur without a transformation of land governance processes from the conventional top-down process to a more bottom-up, inclusive, participatory and gender responsive processes. The master class will therefore showcase the innovative grassroots led practices and tools that grassroots women organizations are developing and applying in their communities in order to transform land governance processes at local and national levels in ways that empower women as active agents of change and also deliver tenure security at scale ensuring that gender inequality is diminished rather than concretized.

11:00am - 12:30pm13-05: Starting with women: tools for empowerment
Location: MC 9-100
MC 9-100 

Starting with women: tools for empowerment

Amanda Richardson1, Amy Coughenour2, Anne Girardin3

1Resource Equity, United States of America; 2Cadasta, United States of America; 3Cadasta, France

This class will teach participants about tools for securing women’s land rights. Specialists will demonstrate the Starting with Women approach, which includes a set of tools for helping women assess the barriers to their land tenure security, identify potential solutions to these challenges, and take steps to overcome the obstacles that they face in order to secure their rights to land. Participants will also learn about a different suite of tools to support and train female data collectors to document and secure their land rights. The class will also provide guidance on an approach for effectively involving women in the documentation process, analyzing the legal framework of the intervention, and securing political and community buy-in with examples from the field. Finally, the class will provide simple and effective methodologies of communication to strengthen tenure security for women.

1:30pm - 3:00pm14-05: A Women Land Rights scorecard, tool for monitoring implementation of African Union Instruments at country level, A case of eight countries
Location: MC 9-100
MC 9-100