02-09: Using cadastral information to value and govern natural capital
Valuing Natural Capital
RICS, United Kingdom
Natural capital has been defined by the Natural Capital Protocol (NCP) as the “world's stocks of natural assets which include geology, soil, air, water and all living things”. Green finance and green growth offers unprecedented opportunities for financial institutions to invest in natural features such as woodland, peatland and wetland. Natural capital can catalyse new partnerships and foster innovation between financial institutions, land owners, environmental organisations and government. With a range of “values” being attached to natural capital assets, it’s important to note the distinctions between the value of an asset as it stands for sale / notional sale, the evaluation of an asset for its deemed or perceived benefits / disbenefits associated with its existence, enjoyment, environmental or aesthetic contribution, and the evaluation of an asset for strategic decision-making purposes. Relevant parties need to be aufait with the range of “values” being calculated and their origins.
Improving natural resource management for developing nations through the implementation of online mining cadastre solutions
Trimble, South Africa
Government agencies world-wide acknowledge that the transparent and efficient management of their natural resources is a critical factor in the growth and stability of their economies and in uplifting communities.
While the extractive industry is often a complex and dynamic sector, with participation of stakeholders across many parts of the community, governments are able to effectively manage compliance and revenues, and attract responsible investment to their jurisdiction through a modern, fit for purpose, mining cadastre information management system.
This presentation will focus on how the implementation of a modern mining cadastre system, particularly for developing nations, can assist government agencies in meeting their extractive industry goals, while at the same time providing the industry with the confidence that their underlying mining tenure is protected and secure.
Open Interactive Map Platform Infrastructure to support projects on local and regional scale.
Brazilian Forest Service, Brazil
Brazilian Forest Services manages the Rural Environmental Register from Brazilian Forest Code for environmental planning. Non-governmental organizations, small hydrological basin committees and city administrators work closer to the people on the countryside. Some of these data clients had difficulties on usage and processing of the information and we helped with personalized versions of official interactive maps with changed coverage regions, available layers and tools.
We developed a platform in the most transparent, simple and open sourced way possible. This platform now allows anyone to connect to our data via web service, using the desktop GIS software of preference with the possibility to just use the updated information as needed instead of downloading every part every time. After studies on scale representativeness and rural properties characteristics we got service loading and data exporting times reduced on a 40 to 60% average to better attend each of the 5.570 municipalities in Brazil.
Restoration Opportunities Atlas of India - building information bridges for people, forests and landscapes
World Resources Institute India, India
Protecting forests, implementing tree-based landscape restoration, and securing tenure and resource rights are globally recognized as cost-effective solutions for combating climate change. In India, the landscape approach underpins achievement of international and domestic commitments to climate and development. However, critical gaps in data, particularly of key enabling conditions such as tenure, resource rights, risks and financial mechanisms undermine planning for landscape restoration at scale. This abstract provides an overview of the key enabling conditions that underpin success of landscape restoration and introduces the Restoration Opportunities Atlas of India. The Atlas is a web-based platform that brings together best available data and rigorous analysis to support development of pathways to achieve the NDC, plan for restoration at scale and understand status of enabling conditions.Importantly, it promotes data sharing, fosters adaptive learning within the restoration community and provides basis for developing a monitoring platform for tracking India’s progress towards the NDC.
The socio-economic impact of measures to avert or reverse land degradation in agriculture: a systematic review
1PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Netherlands, The; 2Wageningen University, Netherlands, The; 3IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute, United States of America
Continuous processes of land degradation -losses of soil, nutrients and water holding capacity, pose a threat to maintaining or increasing agricultural productivity. Raising agricultural productivity is key to feeding a burgeoning global population and protecting biodiversity. Therefore, various options to promote sustainable land management are advocated to avert or reverse such processes of land degradation on agricultural land. While a positive impact of such interventions on socio-economic outcomes is often assumed, the actual evidence base supporting such claims is lacking. We set to fill this gap using a systematic review. We identify relevant studies on promoting sustainable land management that assess impact on socio-economic indicators, including changes in net income or food security status, and those that apply rigorous econometric methods. We estimate the average effect of the management options considered on socio-economic outcomes and explore potential sources of heterogeneity.