10-04: Harnessing the scope for incremental tenure upgrading
Formalizing the informal through incremental tenure strengthening in urban Battambang: Experience on tenure transformation in Cambodia
1Habitat for Humanity International, Philippines; 2Habitat for Humanity, Cambodia
Equitable access to land continues to remain a growing problem in the global urban South. In Cambodia for example, demographic pressure, the enduring effects of decades of conflict, increasing urbanization and persistent rural and urban poverty have intensified insecure tenure and unequal access to land for many poor families. As a way of dealing with the problem of access to land, in March 2003, the Cambodian government unveiled the Social Land Concessions, a mechanism for enabling transfer of state private land to private individuals or groups for social purposes. In an effort to test different approaches for providing the poor with access to land, the Cambodian government prepared a Civic Engagement Framework and created several pilot projects. This paper will discuss outcomes and lessons learned in one such pilot project in urban Battambang, Cambodia which, provided avenues for poor households to incrementally move informal settlers towards greater tenure security.
The Odisha Liveable Habitat Mission: The process and tools behind the world’s largest slum titling project
1Cadasta Foundation, United States of America; 2Tata Trusts, India; 3Housing and Urban Development Department, Government of Odisha State, India
In the eastern Indian state of Odisha, the state with the second highest number of slum households nationally, the need for formal land rights is acute as without documented rights, citizens are unable to open bank accounts, get credit from financial institutions, enroll children in schools, and access government benefits. Furthermore, without data on land use and holdings, and limited property tax collection, urban living standards fall as local governments struggle to meet demand for services.
Recognizing the need to clarify the rights of informal settlements, the Odisha state government enacted a landmark legislation, the Land Rights to Slum Dwellers Act 2017. As per this Act, slum dwellers across the state will get heritable and mortgageable land rights for residential use free of cost.
This paper details activities over the past year to implement the Act, resulting in 2,227 households being formalized, and another 250,000 households in process.
Urban landholding registration in Ethiopia: law and practice
Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
This paper presents the current status of urban landholding registration system in Ethiopia, the different problems faced with the system and the practical solutions to the problems. Land is the basic element of development and more especially on developing countries such as Ethiopia. A good land administration system is a prerequisite for proper land registration and information about parcels of land is the basis on which is good land administration and land information system can be built. In this review, issues and problems pertaining to urban land registration in Ethiopia are examined. The roles of various stallholders, the nature and format of the urban landholding registration are discussed and how handling of this information has affected land registration in Ethiopia. Furthermore, the various efforts being taken by the government of Ethiopia in addressing urban landholding registration problems are highlighted. Finally, possible solutions to urban landholding registration problems in Ethiopia are proposed.