09-09: Bottom-up approaches: A key to land use planning
Increasing access to land for housing for Irula tribal families: Lessons from implementing the Solid Ground Campaign in India
1Habitat for Humanity International, Philippines; 2Habitat for Humanity, India
For many poor households, access to decent, secure land for even the most minimum housing needs continues to be a fundamental problem. This is despite land being an inseparable ingredient for them to survive, earn, thrive and lift themselves out of poverty. In India, the government has put in place laws and policies that govern land use and land tenure. However, deep-rooted perceptions, religious and cultural practices continue to dictate how land is used, or accessed. Through the Solid Ground Campaign, an innovative approach to mobilizing existing and new supporters to influence policy makers toward promoting policies and systems that improve access to land for shelter, Habitat for Humanity India focuses on the lived experiences of a historically marginalized tribe, the Irulas. This paper will elaborate lessons learned from implementing the Campaign in India as well as discuss potential policy actions to address land rights of such marginalized communities.
Giving the land back to people : solving colonial cases of land-grabbing in Madagascar
Transparency International - Initiative Madagascar, Madagascar
During the French colonial period (1896-1960), large agricultural areas had been titled on behalf of French, Greek, Creole or Indian companies. Nowadays, most of these concessions, which may span several hectares are occupied by indigenous peasants, migrants, or descendants of farm workers who are considered as squatters. Such a situation impedes agricultural potentialities and threatens human rights of millions of Malagasy citizens who are considered as strangers on their own land. Worried about the impacts of such land insecurity, Transparency International - Initiative Madagascar (TI-IM), a Malagasy association specialized in anti-corruption, decided to set up an innovative and corruption-free mechanism intended to solve it. After the launch of a Guidebook on land rights, TI-IM mapped these land conflicts in the Diana region (North of Madagascar) and developed an innovative technical and legal mechanism in order to give back these pieces of land to their legitimate owners: the Malagasy people.
Examining how land laws have implemented GLTN tools
UN Habitat, The Netherlands
This study examines the various legal criteria that should be incorporated into legal frameworks in order to support the implementation of GLTN's Access to Land and Tenure Security Tools as well as its Land Administration and Information Tools. This study presents illustrative examples of legal frameworks that, to some extent, support the implementation of the GLTN land tools, including frameworks enacted in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Rather than only discussing countries in which GLTN has supported the implementation of its Land Tools, this study focuses more broadly on a range of country that (either intentionally or unintentionally) adopted the guidance provided by these Tools. By identifying a menu of legal options for promoting access to land, tenure security, and effective land administration, this report provides a useful snapshot that can inform and influence law- and policy-makers to adopt GLTN Land Tool guidance in domestic legal frameworks.
Sustaining sustainable development: Leveraging human rights structures to implement land-related SDGs
Landesa, United States of America
Links and overlaps between the Sustainable Development Goals and the human rights realms results in a catalytic space for land rights advocacy. Both realms share common goals: human dignity and well-being, achieved through substantive empowerment and poverty alleviation. And in both realms, bridging the gap between policy and ground-level realities presents a set of challenges with overlapping solutions and needs for cross-sector coordination.
This paper will explore the potential of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) to serve as a bridging mechanism between the human rights realm and SDGs implementation and institutionalization. It will explore the following questions, featuring Myanmar’s NHRI as a case study:
• How does the role of an NHRI already relate to SDG implementation?
• What specific actions could an NHRI take to facilitate the coordination needed for SDG implementation?
• What capacity-building would be needed to enable NHRIs to play a robust role in SDG institutionalization?