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06-04: Gender and land policy
Evaluation results of a program aimed at reducing property grabbing among widows in Uganda
International Justice Mission
This paper discusses the research results and evaluation findings of a program aimed at combatting property (land) grabbing from widows in Mukono County, Uganda. Unlike many other ongoing efforts, this program focused on capacity building of local government actors, particularly within the criminal justice system, as the primary approach to ending this overlooked form of violence against women. In 2012, baseline prevalence and justice system performance data were collected. Endline data collected in 2017 provided impact and outcome-level data for a summative evaluation of the program conducted in late 2017/early 2018. The program contributed to approximately a 50% reduction in the prevalence of property grabbing. While challenges remain in the formal justice system’s response and sustainability of program gains, government actors substantially improved in their performance addressing property grabbing. Learning outcomes for attendees include applications for local, national, and international actors implementing similar programs affected by culturally-embedded gender norms.
Women's tenure rights across the rural urban continuum: implications for a gender responsive urban land reform in Namibia.
1Ministry of Land Reform, Namibia; 2GIZ Office Namibia
Namibia is considered as one of the unequal societies where poverty is prevalent. The land question and its role in development remains a pivotal source of livelihood to get people out of poverty. The country is also fast urbanizing with issues of urban informality and security of tenure becoming a concern as one million people are residing in informal settlements. In the absence of concrete interventions the informal settlements could become the dominant form of housing by 2025. Consequently, at the recent Land Conference the President declared the housing needs a “national emergency”. The Flexible Land Tenure Act is targeted to provide security of tenure in informal settlements. This paper will provide an overview of the land reform agenda, the purposive policy and legal framework adopted by the Government to promote gender equality. An investigation of the impact of urbanization on gender issues in urban areas is undertaken.
Community land titling: a contextual analysis of women’s land rights in Kenya
Namati, United States of America
Over the past decade, several African countries have introduced new legislative protections for community land rights. Ensuring that group title sufficiently protects the rights of women and minorities presents significant challenges. Based on a case study analysis of women’s land and resource rights in pastoral communities, we identify the opportunities and potential threats that registering land under Kenya’s 2016 Community Land Act creates for women’s tenure security. This includes considering challenges associated with customary norms around women’s land use, participation in collective decision-making, and inheritance rights. Data collection included 30 focus groups and nearly 70 individual interviews with women and key informants in six communities across three counties in Kenya (Kajiado, Laikipia, and Isiolo). The study sites fall into two categories: (1) communal grazing land held in “trusts” by county governments and (2) former group ranches that must be converted into community land.
Innovations to secure women's land rights and build resilience
1Huairou Commission, United States of America; 2UCOBAC, Uganda
Although the precise magnitude of climate change is subject of debate, there is growing consensus of its impact on access to resources and livelihoods. Globally, its grassroots women who face the worst effects of climate change on agriculture, with socioeconomic impacts due to lack of coping mechanisms. Tools and processes have been developed to support grassroots women resilience work through securing their access to and control over land, such as the Community Resilience Fund which is a mechanism through which grassroots women invest in collective actions to reduce disaster and climate related risks and vulnerabilities highlighting the importance of local adaptations. Drawing from the country experiences, this paper will provide insights into how these tools could be applied more globally to help mitigate the effects of climate change and foster local adaptation through improving grassroots’ women access to and control over land which is considered as perquisite for building resilience.