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09-05: SDGs on land: Methodology and reporting
Reporting on SDG indicator 1.4.2 for high income countries: the case of the U.S.
1Landesa, United States of America; 2Millennium Challenge Corporation, United States of America; 3USAID, United States of America
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) include a process of identifying globally comparable targets, indicators and harmonized data to measure progress towards each goal. One of these, SDG indicator 1.4.2, measures the percentage of the population with secure tenure rights to land, where security of tenure rights is proxied by whether people (a) have documented rights to land and (b) perceived their rights as secure.
While much attention has been devoted to data collection efforts for the SDGs in developing countries, it is also vital for European, North American, and other high income countries to report. These higher income countries can still face considerable challenges in establishing and institutionalizing data collection efforts sufficient to fully report on the indicator. This paper presents some of the challenges and potential options for the U.S. Government to report on indicator 1.4.2, which may have important lessons for other high income countries.
Considering the multidimensional nature of tenure security in land policies
University of East Anglia, UK
This paper considers tenure security through the politics and policies of land tenure. The key argument is that seeing tenure security solely through one lens, for instance that of securing tenure through land registration, hides some of its more dynamic aspects related to political, social and cultural relations defining tenure, and to interaction between actors located at different levels. This omission can be detrimental for the success of land policies which instead of enhancing tenure security can reinforce existing and/or create new sources of tenure insecurity. The paper hence invites to consider tenure security from a multidimensional perspective and throughout a policy process. To build the argument, the paper builds on literature on the politics of land and examines the land policy process in Madagascar.
Measuring perceived tenure insecurity: issues, challenges, and recommendations
Landesa, United States of America
An important outcome in land tenure programming and research that has been receiving increasing attention is perceived tenure security- that is, the extent to which individuals perceive their tenure to be protected against threats and risks. Perceived tenure security is a component of SDG indicator 1.4.2., while impact evaluations of land tenure interventions increasingly seek to incorporate perceived tenure insecurity as an outcome.
However, measuring perceived tenure security presents some important conceptual and methodological challenges. To date, a systematic assessment of these challenges and recommendations on addressing them has been lacking. The purpose of this paper is to help address this gap. The paper discusses conceptual and methodological issues in defining and measuring perceived tenure security, reviews existing attempts at measurement, and provides recommendations and sample modules. The paper aims to promote the use of more analytically and conceptually rigorous perceived tenure security measures in future data collection and research.
Food and Agriculture Organization, Italy
Discussant based on experience with SDG data collection