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01-04: Land administration and changing gender norms
A tripartite normative interaction in land registration: inheritance and land information updating
University of Twente, Netherlands
In trying to identify the underlying factors that account for the low incidence of land registration in the global south, commentators tend to focus on administrative limitations inside of land registration organizations. Whereas lack of efficiency, complex procedures, bureaucracy, high transaction cost and long transaction times have been mentioned as problematic internal administrative features, little is known about how external socio-cultural practices factor into the reasons for the registration and non-registration of real property. We studied the socio-cultural practices of real property inheritance and registration in Ghana and found that the eventual decision/ability/willingness of a successor of real property to report transfers for registration is influenced by the social norms of society, the formal rules of land registration and the practicalities of registration. However, the second and third influences only happen when the social norms allow room for personal appropriation of property.
Women and customary land tenure: emerging developments and ways forward in Savelugu, Ghana
1Techninical University of Munich, Germany; 2UN-Habitat / Global Land Tool Network, Uganda; 3Kwame Nkrumah Univerisy of Science and Technonology, Ghana
Patriarchal norms on land operate along kinship lines. Male children have higher inheritance rights in the family. The girl child is considered not to be a permanent member of the family as she is expected to be married into another family or remarry upon the death of her husband. These are fundamentals for the discrimination against females in the patriarchal community. Using qualitative and quantitative approaches (Savelugu in northern Ghana), this study analyzed land challenges that women face in their efforts to access land in rural communities. Findings from the study show that land acquisition modes available to women appear to operate in ways that exclude them from being owning lands with high tenure security. Suggestions include intense education on land rights and land registration, the formation of women cooperative groups and economic empowerment (through responsible government and NGOs interventions).
Securing property rights for Women and children through Distributed Ledger Technology in Judiciary
Absolutum Consultancy Private Limited, India
UN Women, in partnership with the UN Office of Information and Communications Technology (UN OICT) and with the support of Innovation Norway organised four-day simulation lab to explore cutting-edge solutions based on distributed ledger technologies that address challenges faced by women and girls. UN Women has prioritized innovation technology as one of the drivers for change, strategically leveraging innovation and partnership to accelerate progress towards gender equality and women's empowerment.UN Women has identified cash transfer and identity as areas to leverage DLT to assist women and girls. Having a safe place to save and store humanitarian cash transfers and remittances is a key strategy for coping with shocks and building resilience.In Vietnam, a world bank pilot is testing the ways in which distributed ledger technologies could help women entrepreneurs to prove ownership of business assets, verify production values, and establish a digital identity
Women and land: A conflict of culture and law
Federation of Women Layers, Kenya
Kenya is a diverse country with about 42 tribes, each bearing it's own cultural laws. According to the Constitution 2010 cultural practices and customs are a source of law, in so far as they are not repugnant to justice and morality. it is paramount that a balance be struck between the two to avoid either offending the other. This paper seeks to; synchronize the existing land laws with the customary laws relating to land so as to create a convergence of the two and to help strike a balance between culture and women land rights. It also seeks to recommend reforms and policy change such as codification of the current customary laws so as to ensure that the retrogressive laws are done away with and only those that are progressive and accommodate women land rights are maintained. This will all be with an aim of realization of Kenya’s vision 2030.