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04-11: Are PPPs the future of land administration?
The importance of public private partnership in cadastre: Turkish experience
1FIG, Turkey; 2Tapu ve Kadastro Genel Müdürlüğü, Turkey
The aim of maintained cadastral works in Turkey is to determine both the legal and geometric position of all the real property. In this way, the modern land registration which is anticipated in Turkish Civil Code will be founded.
There are approximately 57 million cadastral parcels in Turkey. As of the beginning of the 2000’s, Turkey’s cadastre had been completed in 75% as villages and district based by its own staff of the institution. The legal and geometric parts of cadastre were separated and PPP model was created by the institution. Within the scope of the World Bank MEER – MERLIS and ARIP Projects, initial cadastre and cadastre renovation tenders were made according to this new model. As a result, 13 million cadastral parcels in 5 years has been completed by the private sector. The institution has also completed the renewal of the 10 million cadastral parcels by PPP model.
A review of public-private partnerships in land administration
1The University of Melbourne, Australia; 2World Bank, United States of America; 3Land Equity International, Australia
This paper reports experiences in public-private partnership in land administration and provides lessons learnt from these partnerships. The review results suggest several factors contribute to the success of a PPP in land administration. The factors encompass political will of the public sector and government, support by the community of stakeholders, transparency in the bidding process and documents, a clear set of expectations from the partnership, active engagement of stakeholders during the partnership and strong leadership of the public partner in times of crisis. The review suggests, there is often a need for a legislative reform when adopting PPPs in land administration. The legislative changes are more pronounced in the regulatory framework of land administration than those of PPP. The literature suggests that the technology developed for one jurisdiction can be customised and adapted for other jurisdictions. There was not a notable first registration of land under the PPP schemes.
PPP in land administration - why now and what are the risks and benefits?
Ordnance Survey, UK
Demands and expectations on land administration services change radically as new technologies, environmental challenges, urbanization, requirements for completion of first land registration and other social and political influences now gradually transform our practices and mindset. The authorities need to provide greater choice and control, more transparency, process inclusiveness and equity, on-demand access to information, adequately capture RRRs, better utilize geospatial information as mean to integrate other thematic data for e.g. smart cities, utilities and e-government etc. They also need to be capable to innovate and maintain systems and services that can evolve over time. The ability maintain highly skilled employees is another constraint. In combination with uncertain budget allocation for modernization of land administration an increasing number of nations now consider public-private partnership as an attractive alternative to adequately respond to these needs. This paper discusses benefits and risks associated with this approach for the land administration domain.
Exploring PPP opportunities for improved Land Administration Reforms, emerging lessons from the Ghanaian Case
Office of the President, Ghana
The idea that capital, technology and skill can be leveraged from the private sector to enhance land administration is increasingly gaining traction in developing countries such as Ghana where donor funded land administration reform processes are not achieving the desired transformation after 15 years of implementation.
Among others, inadequate financing, weak technology base, human capacity issues and poor corporate governance practices are some of the underlining factors for the current state of affairs. In order to address these challenges, government of Ghana has resorted to PPP which is a non-convention but promising alternative strategies which can support government to achieve the anticipated transformation in land administration including reducing the turnaround time for first registration to within 30 days.
This paper examines a 11 point evaluation criteria to guide Ghana and others developing countries in order to ensure effective implementation that yields mutual rewarding outcomes for all stakeholders.
From client satisfaction to happiness: the front-office and back-office innovative concession models for fostering land registration in Dubai
Universidad de los Andes, Colombia
SDGs provide a framework for governments, multilateral organisations and donors to drive social investment on sustainable development. Among the 17 SGDs, SDG1(No poverty) SDG2 (Zero hunger) and SDG5 (Gender equality) directly highlight the importance of land tenure systems as a mechanism to achieve sustainable development.
This paper proposes strategies for practitioners to involve the private sector in land administration services while at the same time ensuring there is a contribution to the achievement of the SDGs. These are: (i) to target areas where the private sector can do a better job; (ii) find cross-services approaches within the land administration system (iii) build the participation in a trusted private sector; (iv) revenue should be based on achieving tangible social results aligned with SDGs. Analysis of SDG relation to Dubai registration trustees is presented.