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03-07: Land policies for smart city development
Experiments of urban land supply and development: India
RICS School of Built Environment, India
In India, approximating a business-as-usual scenario, an average of 15 square kilometers of land needs to be planned and serviced for urban use every single day up to the year 2050 (WRI India, 2016). However, compulsory land acquisition and traditional planning instruments/apparatus have continually failed to achieve the entrepreneurial dreams of 'worlding cities' of India. The answer thus is found in increasing private sector participation in land assembly, planning and development, and metamorphosing public development agencies from providers to facilitators. This research throws light on a few of these innovative methods of land supply and development. This research tries to investigate urban sprawl and excessive reliance on real estate business for land development, in the garb of land supply for urbanization, the ever-increasing role of parastatals morphing into pseudo developing authorities by involving private planning consulting firms leading to privatization of development planning with a meager public consultation/participation.
Citizen-centric digital land and asset management in the greenfield city development: case study of Amaravati
Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority, India
Smart cities across the world are deploying digital systems and infrastructure, that is helping achieve various objectives on efficiency, transparency and in general, improved governance. Amaravati, a greenfield capital city that is being developed by the Government of Andhra Pradesh is taking lead in deployment of various technologies to streamline its efficiency of operations whilst keeping the citizen at the center of such activities. Several initiatives such as a Citizen mobile application, blockchain deployment for land registry, development of a digital twin for the city, implementation of BIM and 3D City modelling all emerge as an array of best practices that cities can learn from. It is important to note how various data sources and applications converge in a manner that positively and systematically drives city outcomes – and it can only be achieved by design and policy.
Egovernance initiatives of slum rehabilitation authority, Mumbai
Government of Maharashtra, India
Slum Rehabilitation Authority, Mumbai has initiated lot of eGovernance initiatives which are beneficial for slum dwellers as well as common citizens. It is SRA’s vision to have a digital workflow for all the citizen services so that there is transparency and efficiency in the functioning of all the Departments.
The aim of this paper is to showcase the GIS based Slum Information Management System (SIMS) solution which consists of four components; Topographical Survey of Slum Clusters & Slum Rehabilitation (SR) Schemes, LiDAR Survey of Slum Huts, Mobile Application for gathering slum dwellers information and Web Application with Web-GIS feature for determining the slum dwellers eligibility for free housing under SR Schemes.
SIMS has facilitated Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA) in sector-wise micro-planning of slum cluster, speedy implementation of SR schemes, availability of digital data in real-time, easy dissemination of slum information and bringing transparency, and effectiveness in identification of eligible slum dwellers.
Imagine and design the legal framework for the cities of the future: the example of Mauritian ‘smart cities’
1Ordre des Géomètres-experts, France; 2Conseil Supérieur du Notariat, France
By 2050, the proportion of the world's population living in urban areas is expected to reach 66% (54% in 2014).
Planning efforts will therefore be essential to ensure essential services to populations, such as access to energy, water, waste treatment, housing, health and transport.
In 2015, Mauritius launched the creation of fifteen new intelligent city projects, that are supposed to rely on the capacity of self-organisation of inhabitants. Nevertheless, it is necessary to provide in advance an appropriate legal framework, because these new cities will consist of land or buildings for common use and others for private use.
However, the provisions of the Civil Code have so far proved insufficient to support the construction of such complexes, which include private owners, companies and condominiums.
To meet this urgent need, Mauritius mandated a multidisciplinary team to develop a new regulatory framework for real estate complexes, and co-ownership in particular.