Conference Agenda

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Session Overview
Session
07-01: Land governance in the Arab states
Time:
Wednesday, 27/Mar/2019:
2:00pm - 3:30pm

Session Chair: Wael Zakout, World Bank, United States of America
Location: Preston Auditorium

Presentations

Setting the scene

Wael Zakout

World Bank, United States of America

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Discussant

Ammar Alhamadi

Dubai Land Department, United Arab Emirates

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Discussant

Muhamad Alrajhi

Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs, Saudi Arabia

.In Saudi Arabia as in other countries, the management of land is a core function of government. As a consequence, the process of creation and maintenance of land registration and land information systems is, necessarily, administratively-driven. However, the benefits of improved of land registration and land information systems accrue overwhelming to citizens and private-sector companies in a range of forms, with potential for

• Increase in economic efficiency

• Expansion of economic opportunity

• Promotion of urban vitality

• Nurturing of citizen well-being

• Contribution to environmental sustainability

This paper describes the socio-economic impact of implementing improved land registration and land information systems in Saudi Arabia, with a focus on the contribution of this work to accomplishing urgent national objectives as defined in the Kingdom’s National Transformation Plan 2020 and Vision 2030 documents.

07-01-Alrajhi-1313_paper.pdf
07-01-Alrajhi-1313_ppt.pptx


Discussant

Georges Maarrawi

Ministry of Finance, Lebanon (Lebanese Republic)

Georges Maarrawi is the Director General of the Lebanese General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre.

He holds an MBA from UQAM - ESIG and an honorary doctorate from the Lebanese Canadian University. Prior to his appointment as Director General, he was the head of Mount Lebanon regional tax office at the Ministry of Finance.

His career at MoF involved also the design phase of the VAT system and in developing strategies and policies.  He was a short term Tax Expert for the IMF and the WBG, and as such conducted several missions pertaining to the modernization of tax administrations in the MENA region.

He has been teaching IAS / IFRS and Public Finance at the Lebanese University since 2001.

07-01-Maarrawi-1314_paper.pdf
07-01-Maarrawi-1314_ppt.pdf


Discussant

Mohamedsalih Baher

darfur land commission, Sudan

مفوضية أراضي دافور

اﻟﺳودان ھو ﺛﺎﻟث أﻛﺑر ﺑﻠد ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘﺎرة اﻷﻓرﯾﻘﯾﺔ بمساحة ﻗدرھﺎ 1,882,000 ﻣرﺑﻊ ﻛم .

- ﯾﻌﯾش اﻟﺳودان ﺣﺎﻟﯾﺎ ﻣرﺣﻠﺔ ﺳﻼم ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌد اﻟﺻراع وﯾطﻣﺢ إﻟﻰ إﻗﺎﻣﺔ واﻟﺣﻔﺎظ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺳﻼم اﻟﻣﺳﺗدام ﻣﻊ وﺟود ﺗدﻓﻘﺎت اﻟﺿﺧﻣﺔ ﻣن اﻟﮭﺟرة ﻣن اﻟرﯾف إﻟﻰ اﻟﺣﺿر و اﻟﻧزوح ﺑﺳﺑب اﻟﺻراﻋﺎت اﻟطوﯾﻠﺔ وﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻓﻲ دارﻓور.

- لطالما كانت الأرض سبب رئيسي لاندلاع وتصاعد هذه الصراعات، لذلك أﻧﺷﺋت المفوضية ﻛﺟزء ﻣن اﺗﻔﺎق ﺳﻼم دارﻓورلتحقيق الأهداف التالية:

o اﻟﺗﺣﻛﯾم ﻓﻲ ﻣﻧﺎزﻋﺎت ﺣﻘوق اﻷراﺿﻲ

o ﺗﻘدﯾم ﺗوﺻﯾﺎت إﻟﻰ اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى اﻟﺣﻛوﻣﻲ اﻟﻣﻧﺎﺳب ﻓﻲ ﻣوﺿوع اﻻﻋﺗراف ﺑﺎﻟﺣﻘوق اﻟﺗﻘﻠﯾدﯾﺔ واﻟﺗﺎرﯾﺧﯾﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻷرض.

o ﺗﻘﯾﯾم اﻟﺗﻌوﯾض اﻟﻣﻧﺎﺳب ﻓﻲ اﻟطﻠﺑﺎت اﻟﻣﻘدﻣﺔ إﻟﯾﮭﺎ .

o إنشاء ﻗﺎﻋدة ﺑﯾﺎﻧﺎت رﺳم ﺧراﺋط اﺳﺗﺧدام اﻷراﺿﻲ ؛ و إﻧﺷﺎء وﺻﯾﺎﻧﺔ اﻟﺳﺟﻼت اﻟﻣﺗﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧدام اﻷراﺿﻲ.

- ﻓﻲ ﺣﯾن أن دﻋم GLTN وUNHbaitat للمفوضية ﯾﺳﺎﻋد ﻓﻲ ﺿﻣﺎن ﻧﺟﺎح ﻋﻣﻠﯾﺎت اﻟﻌودة وإﻋﺎدة اﻹدﻣﺎج، ﻣﺎ زال ھﻧﺎك اﻟﻛﺛﯾر ﻣﻣﺎ ﯾﻧﺑﻐﻲ ﻋﻣﻠﮫ ﻟﺗﺣﺳﯾن إدارة وﺣوﻛﻣﺔ اﻷراﺿﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺳودان ، ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧدام ﻧﮭﺞ إدارة اﻷراﺿﻲ اﻟﻣﻼﺋم ﻟﻠﻐرض

07-01-Baher-1324_paper.pdf
07-01-Baher-1324_ppt.pptx


Discussant

Moha El-ayachi

Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine, NELGA NA Coordinator, Morocco

The core conceptual model to be designed for capacity building shall be in harmony with the priorities of the Arab Region needs. It will improve the efficiency and quality of land management and strengthen capacities of land use, land administration, and land development that will lead to a more effective land market. A well-functioning land market together with high security of land ownership will lead to stronger economies, which contribute finally to the stability, prosperity and democracy in the region. In MENA region, the land tenure systems are very similar because the countries share common religion, culture, and history. Multiple informal land rights are inherited and are mixed with Islamic rules and colonial legislations. In the current situation, the formal and informal land rights coexist. The model will be a key for sustainable development by focusing on land information and land administration improvement, which are the base of any reforms.

07-01-El-ayachi-1315_paper.pdf
07-01-El-ayachi-1315_ppt.pdf


Discussant

Musa Shkarnh

Land & Water Settlement Commission, Palestinian Territories

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Discussant

Fritz Jung

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany

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Discussant

Chris Penrose Buckley

DFID, United Kingdom

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Conclusions and next steps

Wael Zakout1, Oumar Sylla2

1World Bank, United States of America; 2UN Habitat, Kenya

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