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08-11: Land administration: Cases from Eastern Europe
Jointly towards improvement of land administration in Bosnia and Herzegovina
1Republic Authority for Geodetic and Real Property Affairs, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 2Federal Administration for Geodetic and Real Property Affairs, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 3Capacity Building for Improvement of Land Administration and Procedures in Bosnia and Herzegovina - CILAP project
Strengthening of the land administration in Bosnia and Herzegovina is recognized as an important goal that can significantly contribute to the secured tenure rights, an efficient property market, the European Union accession and consequently to overall economic and social development and growth.
Joint efforts of geodetic authorities with the support of various carefully coordinated projects are leading to the fulfillment of ultimate goals, improvement of land administration system and facilitation of public service provision. The dedicated work on the establishment of accurate and up to date property registers, address registers and sales price registers has attracted many stakeholders enabling continuous activities on data integration and interoperability.
Exchange of data via web services with other authorities and local governments raising efficiency of work in land administration for user benefits. This prevents data duplication, issuance of incorrect data from unauthorized sources, helps in clear definition of roles and jurisdictions among public institutions.
Innovative technology combat for still pending privatization, legalization challenges, rooted in the communist regime
1NIRAS OY; 2Independent
Is there a light at the end of the tunnel?
Comparative study on ease Kosovo and Albania burning property rights problems, as a key topic for progress in EU-Albania relations.
Property issues are very complex in the region; the countries still struggle with a mixture of issues such as compensation of former owners, illegal constructions and legalizations. Corruption, organized crime and lack of capacity of the state to protect the rightfulness of legal owners still exist; causing serious social conflicts and unrest in the last two decades. The paper assesses how modern innovative technologies, transparent systems, centralized, harmonized databases are the ultimate tools for fighting old problems, how technology would assist most effectively to solve complex legal situations.
The still unregistered properties, due to the pending dispute cases, the remaining restitution and compensation issues, the slow legalization of unpermitted constructions all rooted in the unharmonized and incorrect property related databases.
Innovative approaches in Georgian land registration reform
National Agency of Public Registry (NAPR), Georgia
The new land reform aimed resolving several overarching challenges to land registration in Georgia. It ultimately ensured centralization of registration process through “one-stop-shop” principle, time and effort saving, use of alternative dispute resolution mechanism, free-of-charge services, regulation of non-standardized surveying activities, avoid “overlapping” of boundaries of land parcels, security of ownership rights and reach full coverage of the country. successful implementation of reform has, follow-on benefits for the country, resulted in a more effective and efficient public administration. For example, the complete inventory of land parcels introduced the opportunity to develop appropriate land administration and land use policies that promotes continual economic growth in the agriculture and agribusiness sectors, the contribution was not only to economic growth but also to the improvement of the livelihoods of the general public The new land reform also added transparency and accountability of Georgian land governance and improved investment attractiveness of the country.