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11-08: Improving access to land for the youth
An assessment of youth land rights in rural Liberia
1Landesa, United States of America; 2Development Education Network, Liberia
This paper summarizes the evidence on youth land rights in Liberia from a literature review combined with primary research from two separate studies - 1) a qualitative assessment conducted as formative research to inform the design of the Land Rights and Sustainable Development (LRSD) project for Landesa and its partners’ community level interventions and 2) a quantitative baseline survey of program beneficiaries as part of an impact evaluation of the LRSD project. The findings are presented using Landesa's Women's Land Rights (WLR) Analytical Framework that examines youth land rights through a gender lens. The evidence highlights that female and male youth in Liberia face significant but different barriers to long term access to land, as well as to participation in decisions related to land. Our suggested recommendations offer insights for the implementation of Liberia's Land Rights Act as well as for community-level interventions focused on increasing youth tenure security in Liberia.
Harnessing the potential for rural youth-inclusive agri-food systems livelihoods: A landscape analysis
Mississippi State University, United States of America
There is limited evidence on what works best to support and empower youth within agri-food systems, especially as related to improving their livelihood opportunities. In order to help close this evidence gap, the authors are conducting a multi-disciplinary analytic literature review to identify which agri-food system sectors are best suited to engage youth in sustainable livelihoods. Peer-reviewed empirical and analytic research relevant to the inclusion of rural youth in agri-food systems will be collected and analyzed to address two questions:
1. Which areas of agri-food systems are best suited to engage youth?
2. Are there youth-specific constraints to engaging in agri-food systems, and do those constraints differ by gender, socio-cultural and enabling environment factors?
Land access and youth spatial and occupational mobility in Africa: the case of Nigeria
1International Food Policy Research Institute, United States of America; 2International Food Policy Research Institute, Nigeria
The paper examines the role of land access in youth migration and employment decisions using a two-wave panel data (2012/3 and 2015/16 LSMS-ISA datasets) from Nigeria. Overall, findings show land access is significantly and negatively associated with long-distance migration, migration-to-urban areas, and employment in the non-agricultural sector while the impact is negligible temporary migration. A more-disaggregated analysis considering individual characteristics of the youth shows that results are more elastic for older youth and those that are less educated, while we find no difference when comparisons are made by gender. Disaggregated results further reveal that youth in areas with a high level of agricultural commercialization and modernization seem to be more responsive to land access than are youth residing in less commercialized areas. Similarly, the agricultural ladder hypothesis seems to be more explained by less educated youth as the more educated youth are shown to be less responsive to land access.