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09-07: Building crowd-sourced data into formal systems
Is it possible to collect low-cost household data on slum conditions? Evidence from slum dwellers enumerations
New York University, United States of America
At present, there is little information about the conditions occurring in informal settlements, making it extremely difficult to effectively target resources in efficient ways. This paper investigates whether survey protocols developed by Slum/Shack Dwellers International can credibly provide much-needed local data on the housing and neighborhood conditions occurring in informal settlements. It uses data from Uganda and Ghana, and investigates informal housing demand showing that income, household size, dwelling and infrastructure quality are strong determinants of rent values. The paper further explores the links between household and dwelling characteristics and shows that households with lower incomes and education levels, have an increased likelihood of occupying inferior quality dwellings with no access to services. The empirical results conform to findings produced by more expensive and one-shot surveys. This implies that the survey instrument could serve as an effective low-cost basis for obtaining better information for informal settlements across time and space.
Evidence-based community-driven mapping: Catalyzing city planning and service provision in Muntinlupa and other cities
1Technical Assistance Movement for People and Environment Inc. (TAMPEI), Philippines; 2Philippine Action for Community-led Shelter Initiatives Inc. (PACSII), Philippines; 3Homeless People's Federation Philippines Inc. (HPFPI), Philippines; 4Global Land Tool Network (GLTN), Kenya
This paper narrates the experiences of the Homeless People’s Federation Philippines Inc. and its partners in facilitating citywide community-driven mapping activities in Muntinlupa and other cities. While these initiatives follow no specific format, it was observed that critical elements define the legitimacy of the approach being promoted. Community participation is essential in all phases as it provides an accurate, up-to-date representation of the needs and aspirations of informal settler families (ISFs). Validation of mapping results at different levels is equally important as it generates ownership of the process among ISFs and ensures delivery of demand-driven services. As a people’s process, the results of mapping can be used in numerous ways—housing, basic services provision and city management. The framework which focuses on the mapping process as a mobilizing platform and an empowerment tool presents a concrete example of a genuine participatory approach in informing an evidence-based, inclusive and sustainable city planning.
“Information is power only if used “-Improving Tenure security in informal settlements using participatory data collection: The case of Informal settlements in Gobabis Namibia
Namibia University of Science and Technology
The paper looks at understanding the land tenure security of informal settlers, and how socioeconomic and spatial data generated by communities themselves has been used in aiding the implementation of solutions that are pro-poor and Fit for Purpose. Additionally, it provides a description on how enumeration has an influence on the perception of tenure security. Could participatory enumerations be a catalyst for improving services and registering land rights? Can the data that informal settlers produce be suitable for using in planning and land rights registration?
The paper considers the data producers and the data users, to understand how the community’s input through data collection influences planning by the local authority. The paper concludes that, if the data generated by the community is to be used for; land recordation, decision-making or to prove ownership, there is a need for direct involvement of local authority officials in the management of the data.
Count me in: the case of improving tenure security of slum dwellers in peri-urban Lusaka
1Lusaka City Council, Zambia; 2UN Habitat, Kenya; 3UN Habitat, Zambia
The paper highlights experiences and lessons learned on the adoption of affordable geo-spatial solutions and participatory approaches in an urban context (informal settlements), and within a national regulatory framework in which informal tenure is integrated into a system recognized by public authorities. It will also explore the different stakeholders’ interactions and how they relate in slum-upgrading related processes, as well as how the local government authorities attempt to make the different aspirations of the SDGs and other global frameworks, become real to communities, households and individuals, particularly to those who are at risk of falling behind.