Conference Agenda

The conference agenda provides an overview and details of sessions. In order to view sessions on a specific day or for a certain room, please select an appropriate date or room link. You may also select a session to explore available abstracts and download papers and presentations.

 
 
Session Overview
Location: MC 2-800
Date: Monday, 25/Mar/2019
2:00pm - 4:00pm00-04: Land in the World Bank's new Environmental and Social Framework
Session Chair: Mary Lisbeth Gonzalez, World Bank, United States of America
MC 2-800 
 
ID: 1248 / 00-04: 1
Individual Papers
Topics: Land policy and political economy
Keywords: .

History of ESF consultation and what was agreed and why

Jonathan Lindsay

World Bank, United States of America

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00-04-Lindsay-1248_ppt.pptx


ID: 1249 / 00-04: 2
Individual Papers
Topics: Land policy and political economy
Keywords: .

The importance and implication of the ESF to provide support and supervise projects

Noreen Beg

World Bank, United States of America

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ID: 1247 / 00-04: 3
Individual Papers
Topics: Land policy and political economy
Keywords: .

The importance and implications of the new ESF for land projects and for projects with land components / issues

Jorge Munoz

World Bank, United States of America

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ID: 1291 / 00-04: 4
Individual Papers
Topics: Land policy and political economy
Keywords: .

ESF and land issues in Africa

Robin Mearns

World Bank, United States of America

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Date: Tuesday, 26/Mar/2019
8:30am - 10:00am01-03: Ways to establish cadastral systems at scale
Session Chair: Claire Galpin, World Bank, United States of America
MC 2-800 
 
ID: 806 / 01-03: 1
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: Geomatics, Data Integration, Data Interoperability, Geospatial, Cadastre, Survey

Increasing cadastral survey productivity to tackle undocumented land rights worldwide: A case study

Stephanie Michaud

Trimble Inc, United States of America

This presentation will introduce a vision for transforming cadastral workflows by leveraging a broad spectrum of geospatial technologies in a way that will provide surveyors with greater productivity in both the field and the office. A holistic system approach will be analyzed, with key factors identified to address customer challenges in the context of a real-world case study. Finally, the customer benefits identified in the case study will be extrapolated to identify potential applicability to developing countries in order to enhance productivity to tackle undocumented land rights worldwide.

01-03-Michaud-806_paper.pdf
01-03-Michaud-806_ppt.pptx


ID: 396 / 01-03: 2
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: Mapping, Lidar, images, planning

Large-scale Mapping

Poul Noergaard

Leica Geosystem, Denmark

The world's population is increasing fast; people are moving from country to cities, and the environment is changing quickly. For development projects, basic Mapping has for years been a need. A major problem has been the time it took from the start of a mapping project until data were available for the real development project and sometimes the quality of data. This paper is telling how technology from the new continental mapping project there deliver maps to the Internet portals map solutions can be used in development projects in e.g. Africa. By exampels of already done projects and describing the new methodes there are shown examples of how large scale mapping can be done from aircrafts with significant more accurate data there can compete both in price an performance with satellite data.

01-03-Noergaard-396_paper.pdf
01-03-Noergaard-396_ppt.pptx


ID: 698 / 01-03: 3
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: Land administration; land registration; land use planning; digital land data capture; decentralized and self-sustaining.

An innovative affordable and decentralized model for land registration and administration at a national scale in Tanzania

Tressan Sullivan, Malaki Msigwa, Gilead Mushaija, Mustapha Issa, Alexander Sololov

DAI Global LLC, Tanzania

This paper addresses issues related to scaling up a successful, innovative land registration pilot program using digital technology. Following the successful development of a process for a decentralised land administration system—driven by local land administration authorities using digital land data capture and management tools in Tanzania—this paper explores the potential for and challenges of implementing the system nationally. The paper proposes a low-cost, participatory, digital land use planning, registration, and management process. It examines the potential for a self-sustaining, decentralized, digital land management system for large-scale first land registration and ongoing administration of post-registration transactions. It is proposed that contributions by beneficiaries in conjunction with the involvement of the private and nongovernment organization (NGO) sectors can potentially deliver a self-sustaining system. The paper further examines challenges related to secure data storage and limiting opportunities for corruption.

01-03-Sullivan-698_paper.pdf
01-03-Sullivan-698_ppt.pptx


ID: 356 / 01-03: 4
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: machine learning, valuation

Leveraging location-enabled street photos and machine learning to automate large-scale data collection in support of property valuation

Tim Fella, Katherine Smyth

ESRI, United States of America

To address the data divide for property valuation, a proof of concept is proposed that leverages Esri’s Property Condition Survey together with artificial intelligence. The Property Condition Survey is a configuration of Esri’s Photo Survey application that can be used by local governments to publish street-level photo collections, conduct property surveys, and automate the classification of property condition using machine learning.

The Property Condition Survey leverages location-enabled photos produced by many commercially available cameras and simplifies data processing, so street-level photo collections can be gathered on a regular basis. Photo collections can then be used in the Property Condition Survey application and/or be classified using Microsoft's Custom Vision service to identify property conditions and related attributes in support of property valuation.

By applying machine learning (ML) to the classification of street-level property photos, valuation authorities can significantly reduce the time and cost associated with performing property assessments in the field.

01-03-Fella-356_paper.pdf
01-03-Fella-356_ppt.pptx
 
10:30am - 12:00pm02-03: Innovative technology in the land sector
Session Chair: Steven Nystrom, FIG Commission 9, United States of America
MC 2-800 
 
ID: 645 / 02-03: 1
Individual Papers
Topics: Economic research and impact evaluation
Keywords: Hilight the importance of AI in real estate solutions.

Innovation through artificial intelligence

Mureed Mustafa

Emirates Real Estate Solutions, United Arab Emirates

Artificial intelligence is prime technology that catalyzes innovation. the abstract will highlight on different use cases where innovation is employed and catalyzed using AI, study is fusing the need of AI as technology and enabler for process change to increase innovation within major sector in industry ( real estate).

02-03-Mustafa-645_paper.pdf
02-03-Mustafa-645_ppt.pptx


ID: 770 / 02-03: 2
Individual Papers
Topics: Institutional innovation and private sector participation,
Keywords: Innovation, Disruptive Technology, Blockchain, Artificial Intelligence, Land Agenda

Beyond blockchain: technology in the land agenda

Aanchal Anand

World Bank, United States of America

Recent discussions on the role of technology in advancing the land agenda have largely centered around blockchain technology. However, blockchain is just one of the many tools available to move forward the ambitious goal of the recording people’s rights and using such a system for other applications like disaster risk management, property valuation and taxation etc. The paper will examine eight technologies that have been launched or are being tested in different countries: blockchain, AI/machine learning, 3D models, drones, VHR satellite imagery etc. Overall, the paper will contribute to the ongoing discourse on the use of technology in the land agenda by presenting a wider scope of technologies along with their uses, challenges, and actionability. To conclude, the paper will present options for institutional innovation and demonstrate ways in which the private sector and donors/financiers can engage with countries to improve the uptake of technology.

02-03-Anand-770_ppt.pptx


ID: 1114 / 02-03: 3
Individual Papers
Topics: Institutional innovation and private sector participation,
Keywords: blockchain, registry, land

Evaluating the hype: the current potential of blockchain for land

Tim Robustelli

Future of Property Rights Program at New America

Last year, the Future of Property Rights Program at New America wrote about the applicability of blockchain for land registries. The report was presented at the 2018 World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty. We plan to revisit the companies we profiled in 2018, to see how they are doing a year later. Who was able to successfully implement their planned projects, and who was not? Why? Can we learn anything about the broad applicability of blockchain to land?

02-03-Robustelli-1114_paper.pdf
02-03-Robustelli-1114_ppt.pptx


ID: 1177 / 02-03: 4
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: Identity, Blockchain, Housing, Resilience, Disaster

Digital identity, housing data, and disaster resilience in Puerto Rico

Christopher Mellon

New America, United States of America

This paper -- based on both primary and desk research-- examines the post-hurricane housing crisis in Puerto Rico, the ways in which informal property ownership has contributed to that crisis, and how new technologies for the secure collection and sharing of data can help to the island’s housing sector recover and prepare for future disasters. The first section describes the nature and extent of the housing crisis in Puerto Rico and the government’s recovery plans. The second section provides a brief introduction to some of the emerging technologies that can be used to implement those plans, with a special focus on blockchain-based self-sovereign identity (SSI). The third section describes the model for an SSI-based mapping and data sharing platform that can be used throughout the disaster management process, from vulnerability assessments, to disaster response, to tracking the distribution of recovery aid.

02-03-Mellon-1177_paper.pdf
02-03-Mellon-1177_ppt.pptx
 
2:00pm - 3:30pm03-03: Low-cost ways to establish cadastral systems
Session Chair: Andy Wickless, Trimble, Inc., United States of America
MC 2-800 
 
ID: 418 / 03-03: 1
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: GNSS

Precision geolocation at the service of least developed countries

Paul Chambon

Exagone, France

GNSS is a technology that enables location of objects, points and maps anywhere in the world with the same level of accuracy. In particular, it allows emerging countries to set up internal databases in perfect complementarity and continuity with international information.

In France, the “Ordre des Géomètres-Experts” launched the TERIA project in 2005 to deploy a network able to offer an NRTK satellite data processing service with centimetric accuracy. This network served as a basis for the deployment of the Géo-Foncier digital portal, which is today the keystone of the management of land rights and public constraints.

The TERIA process can be replicated in least developed countries and participate in their autonomy. It is a powerful lever for setting agricultural policies and boosting the global economy by offering a leading basic tool for advanced technologies (robotics, navigation, transport ...).

03-03-Chambon-418_paper.pdf
03-03-Chambon-418_ppt.pptx


ID: 597 / 03-03: 2
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: GNSS, Data Capture, Scalable

Fit for Purpose, scalable GNSS data collection

Sepp Josef Englberger

Leica Geosystems, Germany

It is not uncommon for the user of a software or hardware product to touch only a small percentage of the tools available to them. Functionality correlates highly with cost and can be a contributing factor to users being excluded from innovative new technology. GNSS data collection vendors have a responsibility to ensure their products are not only fit for purpose but also flexible enough to reach a wide range of users.

Scalability has become an expectation of the user and you no longer have to be locked into a large, complex workflow when you can pick and choose which elements of a system are relevant for you. Software and hardware should align to user’s needs as their own industries are developing and changing as rapidly as the technology is advancing. Users need a solution which is tailored to their knowledge and experience. This is especially important for developing countries.

03-03-Englberger-597_paper.pdf
03-03-Englberger-597_ppt.pptx


ID: 704 / 03-03: 3
Individual Papers
Topics: Global frameworks; indicators; progress monitoring, LGAF
Keywords: earth observation, fragility, web services, Sentinel 2, information layers

Customized earth observation based information services

Matjaz Ivacic1, Tatjana Veljanovski2, Marcin Bilelecki1, Liza Stancic2, Andrej Beden1, Ziga Kokalj2

1GeoCodis Ltd., Slovenia; 2ZRC SAZU, Slovenia

Earth observation (EO) data enables a quick assessment of regions of interest. This is particularly relevant for areas undergoing social and economic change that may lead to increased pressures on natural resources. The present work focuses on the development of a cloud-based end-to-end processing chain which provides easy-to-use services for rapid overviews of on-the-ground conditions. The resulting EO-based information including maps, time series graphs and derived statistics can be integrated into geospatial systems or reports.

Using Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 data, and customized generic modular workflows to provide Information Layers (IL), the product is designed to assist monitoring and safeguarding actions by International Development Banks.

Broader areas of interest are arid zones, where there have been conflicts, big population changes, and/or urban expansion. Four thematic IL are conceived: Extent and status of dwellings of forcibly displaced persons, Surface water extent, Grassland extent and status, and Degradation risk assessment.

03-03-Ivacic-704_paper.pdf
03-03-Ivacic-704_ppt.pptx


ID: 1124 / 03-03: 4
Individual Papers
Topics: Institutional innovation and private sector participation,
Keywords: land registry, blockchain

Deploying titling and customary land registration systems with a blockchain element

Trent Larson, Chris Chrysostom

Medici Land Governance, United States of America

Medici Land Governance, working with communities and governments, has written systems to gather ownership claims and also to register titles with governments. We describe the work in Zambia for a systematic titling project, which includes features for transparency using a public blockchain network. We then describe an approach that applies to customary land, where the communities are able to assert their ownership and later verify their claims on a public blockchain in a semi-public way; this approach requires smart-phones and thus currently applies to areas outside Africa (eg. Peru), but it allows for independent affirmations. We will discuss the designs and tradeoffs for these systems, mostly from an engineering point-of-view but including lessons learned in policy and logistics.

03-03-Larson-1124_paper.pdf
03-03-Larson-1124_ppt.ppt
 
3:45pm - 5:15pm04-03: Interoperability of spatial data: Examples and regulatory framework
Session Chair: Gitanjali Swamy, IoTask, India
MC 2-800 
 
ID: 752 / 04-03: 1
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: geospatial data capture, imaging, LiDAR, content

Policy person’s guide to navigating past the map

Ronald Roth

Hexagon Geosystems, United States of America

How new production technologies and business models increase affordability of geospatial data...

One can’t manage that which is not measured. However, projects can’t simply exhaust the entire budget on the measurement phase, leaving nothing for the management portion. Primary geospatial data acquisition should not be the end, it should be the beginning, from which policy, projects and management can commence. But, how to get the needed data at reasonable cost and leave more of the budget for the real work at hand? This presentation examines alternatives for both business models and acquisition technologies that help minimize the front-end costs for obtaining geospatial information and allowing its utilization for multiple applications. Examples are given for various large-area geospatial acquisitions of both image and point cloud (LiDAR) data, with an eye towards two key objectives: (1) minimizing cost per pixel or data point and (2) acquire once/use many models.

04-03-Roth-752_ppt.pptx


ID: 271 / 04-03: 2
Individual Papers
Topics: Data integration & interoperability for public service provision
Keywords: land market, crowd-sourcing, vector tiles, reference data

The future role of official geospatial reference data in a fully digital environment

Peter Creuzer, Marcel Ziems

State Agency for Geoinformation and State Survey Lower Saxony (LGLN), Germany

This presentation will describe the approach taken for shaping reference data and customer services according to customer requirements. It will then focus on a pilot implementation for mobile devices developed for real estate market data and designed for improving real estate market transparency. It explains how the components used could serve us as best practice for a redesign of all other official geospatial reference datasets and services.

Our open source based project will provide a very useful tool for maintenance and delivery of highly relevant official real estate market data, and the geographical context. The presented approach paves the way for improving dissemination of all other official geospatial reference data (cadastre and topography) and substantial improvement of relevant land administration services. It enables a smart mapping solution for the discharge of public services in the field of land administration meeting customers’ needs for the next decade.

04-03-Creuzer-271_paper.pdf
04-03-Creuzer-271_ppt.pptx


ID: 696 / 04-03: 3
Individual Papers
Topics: Land policy and political economy
Keywords: Geospatial, Law, Policy

Legal and policy frameworks for geospatial information management

Kevin Pomfret

Centre for Spatial Law and Policy, United States of America

Governments around the world have recognized the importance of geospatial information to achieve critical societal and economic objectives and to address global challenges such as climate change. However, many are finding that their existing legal and policy frameworks hinder the collection, use and/or sharing of geospatial information. As a result, the potential for geospatial information is not being realized.This paper will discuss why geospatial information management is a challenge from a legal and policy standpoint. It will also identify ways in which governments can develop a legal and policy framework that suits their legal system and geospatial management objectives.

04-03-Pomfret-696_paper.pdf
04-03-Pomfret-696_ppt.pptx


ID: 716 / 04-03: 4
Individual Papers
Topics: Global frameworks; indicators; progress monitoring, LGAF
Keywords: framework, innovation, geospatial, SDG, sustainable

Geospatial Data points the way to integrating government for sustainable development

John David Kedar, Kimberley Worthy, James Darvill

Ordnance Survey, United Kingdom

Improved availability of fundamental geospatial data, a foundation for better government, leads to more transparency, effective urban planning, improved resilience and environmental management, and new business opportunities. But little investment is being made into national geospatial capabilities, the arguments still need to be won.

In Summer 2018, the United Nations Committee of Experts on Global Geospatial Information Management endorsed the Integrated Geospatial Information Framework, a landmark step in guiding nations. It provides a strategic approach and the means to justify, plan and deliver geospatial enablement. The Committee also endorsed 14 fundamental geospatial data themes deemed appropriate for all nations.

Two powerful tools were unleashed onto the global community in one meeting. These global frameworks will enable better data integration and interoperability in the public sector. This paper explores how these tools will support sustainable development and in particular catalyse innovation, demonstrating that a national approach is the only sustainable approach.

04-03-Kedar-716_paper.pdf
04-03-Kedar-716_ppt.pptx
 

Date: Wednesday, 27/Mar/2019
8:30am - 10:00am05-03: Towards the registry of the future
Session Chair: Nicolás Nogueroles, IPRA-CINDER (International Property Registries Association), Spain
MC 2-800 
 
ID: 444 / 05-03: 1
Individual Papers
Topics: Institutional innovation and private sector participation,
Keywords: digital, technology, future, transformation, innovation

Digital street: Exploring the future of land registration through new technologies

John Abbott, Lauren Tombs, Paul Batterham

HM Land Registry, United Kingdom

Digital Street is the ground-breaking research and development function of Her Majesty’s Land Registry in England and Wales, which aims to transform the way HM Land Registry operates and to stimulate the land and property market.

In collaboration with industry innovators and experts we have created a vision of the future; which demonstrates how the use of data and cutting-edge technologies could positively disrupt the land and property market in the future.

This paper describes the approach that HM Land Registry has taken to explore the use of innovative technologies such as blockchain and smart contracts, and how we have engaged with the wider industry to explore and collaborate over problems such as identity verification and the digitisation of data.

05-03-Abbott-444_paper.pdf
05-03-Abbott-444_ppt.pptx


ID: 675 / 05-03: 2
Individual Papers
Topics: Economic research and impact evaluation
Keywords: legal certainty, preventive justice, registers, economic growth, catalyzing start-up entrepreneurship

Preventive administration of justice – an economic catalyzer for the future?! – an analysis of the economic relevance of reliable and transparent public registers –

Rolf Knieper

Bundesnotarkammer/UINL

The sustainability of market economies depends on a mutually enabling interrelation of private business activities and infrastructure provided by the State. One of the pillars of social infrastructure is the administration of justice. In most civil law jurisdictions, the administration of curative justice is complemented by preventive justice. The objective of preventive justice is the establishment of legal certainty and to catalyze market exchange; its instruments are the codification of (land) law as well as the authentication of private legal acts and the registration of title and other rights to land. Private persons may unfold their innovative capacity on the market without having to fear that the results of their activity are taken away arbitrarily.

The administration of preventive justice costs time and money. These costs are set off by a significant reduction of litigation as well as the elimination or at least the reduction of other transaction costs.

05-03-Knieper-675_paper.pdf
05-03-Knieper-675_ppt.pdf


ID: 939 / 05-03: 3
Individual Papers
Topics: Data integration & interoperability for public service provision
Keywords: land registry system, incremental implementation, migration, changing society

How to introduce a complete new land registry system in a rapid changing world

Jacob Vos

Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster), Netherlands

Due to daily practice in the real estate market, more and more legal possibilities and structures have been created. Because of densely populated areas, the need of social or medical healthcare and the emerging sharing economy, people start organising and changing the way they live in other ways. This also has an impact on the ‘classic’ land registry system as we used to know it. The Dutch land registry has been working on the renewal of the current land registry system in the Netherlands. The system will be introduced at the end this year (2018). With its implementation so-called legacy (1980`s) and the end-of-life-status of the software will be a thing of the past. The paper describes the changing daily practice, the incremental introduction, the migration of the registered data, the various decision points and the lessons learned.

05-03-Vos-939_paper.pdf
05-03-Vos-939_ppt.pptx


ID: 1044 / 05-03: 4
Individual Papers
Topics: Data integration & interoperability for public service provision
Keywords: Interoperability, Best-Practices, Standards, Registrar, Nework

Land Administration and the role of a Land Registrar Network

Mark Reichardt, Trevor Taylor

The Open Geospatial Consortium, United States of America

Only approximately 40% of nations operate with mature land administration systems of practice. An extremely important goal of the OGC's LandAdmin DWG is to focus on the needs of developing nations to establish “fit for purpose” land administration capabilities leveraging innovative technologies that are sustainable based on a given nation’s infrastructure, capabilities, and policy environment. Accessing the experts on the ground to understand and address practical, real-world requirements in the developing world is paramount to successfully guiding the community towards innovative ways to ensure sustainable basic land administration capabilities. This is well known, and there is a long history of substantial global investment in the developing world at all levels. What is missing is providing a mechanism for land registrars to have a coordinated voice in the process. This paper will report on progress and the importance of creating a global land registrar network.

05-03-Reichardt-1044_paper.pdf
05-03-Reichardt-1044_ppt.ppt
 
10:30am - 12:00pm06-03: How to realize the potential of blockchain for land administration?
Session Chair: John Reynolds, BLOCKCHAIN DIGITAL, United Kingdom
MC 2-800 
 
ID: 182 / 06-03: 1
Individual Papers
Topics: Institutional innovation and private sector participation,
Keywords: Blockchain.PropTech. Land registration. Land use planning.

Blockchain property titles and land use recording – is it only about trust, or is there space for compliance and enforcement?

Rebecca Leshinsky

RMIT University, Australia

Blockchain can provide for an immutable recording of land ownership and land use interests. To date there are no accepted global standards for blockchain land transfers or recordings. The paper argues that guidance is available from traditional land management compliance and enforcement processes, and this is situated in the space where blockchain land recordings are shifting the paradigm from property law to the realm of private company participation with contract law establishing a need for good governance and global standards for blockchain transactions. The paper discusses global experiences to date of blockchain land recordings, with an emphasis on the need not to forget how compliance and enforcement processes have operated to date.

06-03-Leshinsky-182_ppt.ppt


ID: 365 / 06-03: 2
Individual Papers
Topics: Data integration & interoperability for public service provision
Keywords: Smart contracts, blockchain, land administration, conveyance models

Smart contracts and land administration: a new framework for property conveyance

Todd Miller1, Al-Karim Kara2, Rohan Bennett3

1ChromaWay, Sweden and United States of America; 2Land Title and Survey Authority, British Columbia, Canada; 3Swinburne University, Melbourne, Australia

Smart contracts on the blockchain can provide a secure, auditable, more easily distributable solution to support property record changes among buyers, sellers, the land registry, financial institutions, attorneys, and other parties connected to property transactions.

In the longer term, the approach supports reduction in transaction friction (including cost) overall and could lead to other ownership models potentially allowing citizens to participate in derivative markets including fractional property ownership and other unbundled property rights, restrictions, and responsibilities.

Built around active research, and utilizing multiple case studies, this paper reports on findings from pilot projects on the use of smart contracts on the blockchain in Sweden, Australia, and Canada. The paper explores models of trust, centralization vs. decentralization, data security, and cost and business dimensions of different implementation approaches

06-03-Miller-365_paper.pdf
06-03-Miller-365_ppt.pdf


ID: 451 / 06-03: 3
Individual Papers
Topics: Data integration & interoperability for public service provision
Keywords: Land Administration, Distributed Ledgers, Blockchain, Fit-for-Purpose, Data Integration

Blockchain for Land Administration: Smart Land Registries - a tangible model seeking value for all parties

David Stow1, Peter Shaw2, Richard Nash3

1Ordnance Survey, United Kingdom; 2Trimble Land Administration Solutions Group, USA; 3IBM, United Kingdom

There has been much media excitement about blockchain’s potential to revolutionize commerce, trade, supply chains, and, indeed, Land Administration. But, is it real, and where is the value to our citizens, economy and society?

Trimble, Ordnance Survey of Great Britain, and IBM have come together to provide insight into the upsides, and into the risks associated with this technology-lead transformation. This partnership combines land administration domain experience, government technology and guardianship, and technology leadership to bring a measured perspective to the topic.

This paper will give decision-makers insight to 1) assist with understanding the value of blockchain for their particular jurisdiction, 2) place blockchain among the arsenal of other potential technical approaches that could be leveraged, and 3) put these technologies, a.k.a. Smart Land Registries, into the context of the problems that society and government need to solve.

Furthermore, we will propose a value-focused and achievable roadmap to their adoption.

06-03-Stow-451_paper.pdf
06-03-Stow-451_ppt.pptx


ID: 635 / 06-03: 4
Individual Papers
Topics: Institutional innovation and private sector participation,
Keywords: Blockchain, Real Estate, Dubai, Journy

Catalyzing innovation: Dubai real estate blockchain

Khalifa Alsuwaidi

Dubai Land Department, United Arab Emirates

Blockchain is one of the latest innovations that has been implemented in Dubai. The abstract illustrates many benefits to government sectors as well as private sectors in enhancing user experience when conducting procedures related to property, not only procedures related to registration or regulation in real estate sector, but also other procedures and services that are around real estate, Such as utilities, survey, furniture and moving to a new house. The term" Real Estate journey" is term we call when providing a unique experience to real estate services in Dubai. The abstract shows how Dubai is catalyzing blockchain technology to enroll property developers, managers, brokers and service provides to the new technology platform, and to how to address many challenges that face all entities, such as payments, Single-sign-on and laws related to real estate and transactions.

06-03-Alsuwaidi-635_ppt.pptx


ID: 1225 / 06-03: 5
Individual Papers
Topics: Land policy and political economy
Keywords: .

An example of the use of the Blockchain by the French Notariat: enforceable copies

Lionel Galliez

International Union of Notaries (UINL), France

Presentation of the “proof of concept” established and validated by the French Notariat in 2018 to find a solution for processing enforceable copies of loans’ contracts in digital format, collateralized by land and real estate. These copies are not intended to be in digital format unless there is a means of demonstrating the authenticity, integrity and uniqueness of the enforceable copy held by a creditor who wants to assert his rights and compel a debtor to pay his debt.

This POC made it possible to approve the launch of an operational implementation project for this consortium blockchain, which will be used by notaries, banks and bailiffs.

06-03-Galliez-1225_ppt.pptx
 
2:00pm - 3:30pm07-03: Applications of earth observation in rural areas
Session Chair: Thomas Esch, DLR, Germany
MC 2-800 
 
ID: 599 / 07-03: 1
Individual Papers
Topics: Use of remote sensing and land use policy
Keywords: Large Scale Land Acquisitions, remote sensing, monitoring

Large-scale land acquisition monitoring with high resolution imagery retrieval and profiling in the ASAP platform

Felix Rembold1, Guido Lemoine1, Matthias Hack2, Christof Althoff3, Patrick Griffiths4, Ferdinando Urbano1, Gabor Csak1

1Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Italy; 2Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Germany; 3GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Germany; 4European Space Agency, United States of America

Detailed geographic information on Large scale land acquisitions (LSLA) in developing countries is generally not easily available due to several reasons, including low transparency of such deals, remoteness of the areas concerned and conflicts about tenure rights. In such a situation remote sensing is one of the most promising means for mapping and monitoring LSLAs during their implementation, by detecting land cover and land management changes visible from space. The high resolution viewer of the ASAP (Anomaly Hotspots of Agricultural Production) platform is a recently developed example of such an application. High resolution image time series visualization and analysis provides the geographic evidence allowing detection of phenological crop stages, large open fires, vegetation clearing, flooded areas or new infrastructure (eg. irrigation, greenhouse, roads) implemented in each parcel of an LSLA. This ideally complements non geographic information collected by other projects such a for example the Land Matrix and facilitates impact monitoring.

07-03-Rembold-599_paper.pdf
07-03-Rembold-599_ppt.pdf


ID: 660 / 07-03: 2
Individual Papers
Topics: Data integration & interoperability for public service provision
Keywords: Geo-spatial, Big Data, Water Resource Management, Indus Basin

Geospatial big data platform for water for all in Indus basin

Ather Ashraf1, Muhammad Abid Bodla2, Ijaz-ul-Hassan Kashif3, Ch. Muhammad Ali Nazir4

1University of Punjab, Pakistan; 2Member Water, Planning and Development Department, Govt of Punjab, India; 3Executive Engineer, Irrigation department, Govt of Punjab, India; 4Assistant Chief (Coordination), Planning and Development Department, Govt of Punjab, India

Indus Basin is the backbone of Pakistan water resources and it plays important role in providing water for drinking and agriculture purpose. Although this basin along with its major rivers and glaciers provide rich resources pertaining to water availability, the lack of water governance turns this blessing to a disaster like flooding and drought. An important step towards attaining water governance is to obtain better water information and sharing. The government has taken a step in the direction of use of "Big Data" with data clearinghouse for hydro-meteorological applications at Indus basin level. Big data is helpful in storing and extracting useful information about water resources which is achieved by analyzing data statistically in the temporal and spatial domain. The platform also uses hydraulic and hydrological modeling and socioeconomic data to analyze vulnerability and risk especially for the marginalized area within the river basin.

07-03-Ashraf-660_paper.pdf
07-03-Ashraf-660_ppt.pptx


ID: 554 / 07-03: 3
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: soil, africa, sensor, test, laboratory

Realtime digital soil fertility data for fact-based fertilizer selection by smallholder farmers

Christy van Beek1,2, Sally Musungu2, Rob Beens1, Angelique van Helvoort1

1AgroCares, Netherlands, The; 2SoilCares Foundation, The Netherlands

Recent technological innovations in IT, sensor technology and machine learning have opened the possibility to use Near InfraRed (NIR) sensors for on-the-spot, real-time and affordable soil tests within 10 minutes using a Bluetooth connection between the NIR sensor and a software application for data interpretation on a smartphone. Within 10 minutes the farmer receives a soil status report and a fertilizer recommendation for his specific crop selection. This innovation was first released in Kenya in 2017 and has rapidly expanded to 15 countries, and growing. In this paper, the innovation and experiences and new developments since the introduction of the innovation are presented. Within 1 year about 25000 farmers were reached of which more than 50% imported significant yield increases, about 75% changed their farming practices and more than 80% requested soil tests for the next season. By integrating soil data into data platforms more holistic interventions can be developed.

07-03-van Beek-554_paper.pdf
07-03-van Beek-554_ppt.pptx


ID: 722 / 07-03: 4
Individual Papers
Topics: Use of remote sensing and land use policy
Keywords: Remote sensing, farming systems, food production, Africa, land planning

New ways to use remote sensing based phenology and machine learning for mapping irrigated and rainfed agriculture in Africa

Tobias Landmann1, Natalie Cornish1, David Eidmann2, Jonas Franke1, Stefan Siebert3

1Remote Sensing Solutions GmbH, Germany; 2Technical University of Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany; 3University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany

In spite of the need for consistent, explicit and large-scale cropland/farmland information at high spatial resolution for land management decision making and food production estimates, these data sets are not yet readily available for Africa. The cropland layers that are currently available in Africa do not provide thematic detail beyond cropland and non-cropland at a fine spatial scale and essentially do not exploit the wealth of information extractable from longer time-series data (now available from well-processed 30-meter Landsat or 10-20-meter Sentinel time-series data). In our approach, we showed how better thematic detail and mapping accuracies can be attained in mapping irrigated versus rainfed agriculture in Africa using only the function parameters from best fit harmonics, derived from long-term 30-meter Landsat vegetation index observations. We are confident that the current method can be employed for effective and accurate land use mapping and as such complement future land use policy plans.

07-03-Landmann-722_paper.pdf
07-03-Landmann-722_ppt.pdf


ID: 774 / 07-03: 5
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: Remote sensing, real time monitoring, geo tagged, area audit, crop growth status

Use of Remote sensing technology in small holder supply chains in Asia

Suparna Jain, Harsh Vivek, Rajpal Singh, Ernest Bethe, Bas Rozemuller, Rahmad Syakib, Krishna Kumar

International Finance Corporation, India

Majority of farmers in Asian countries like India and Vietnam are smallholders, farming on less than two hectares of land. As food demand increases by 20% and arable land keeps getting scarce, yield improvements through smart land-water use management has the potential to increase food availability. Yield gaps exceed 50% in many Asian countries owing to technology gap. New business models in agriculture, leveraging technology through data analytics and artificial intelligence, can help farmers access information related to their land, agri-inputs, weather, finance, and markets, thereby helping them increase yields, improve incomes,resilience and traceability. In this scenario, IFC MAS advisory is working with CropIN and Farm Force in sugar and coffee value-chains of DSCL (India) and Simexco (Vietnam) to deliver:

• GIS and remote sensing solutions for digital monitoring and digital management of 5000 sugarcane and 5000 coffee farms

• Smart weather-risk digital solutions to farmers providing real-time weather forecast and crop-advisory

07-03-Jain-774_paper.pdf
 
3:45pm - 5:15pm08-03: Applications of earth observation to assess urban service delivery
Session Chair: Moses Musinguzi, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
MC 2-800 
 
ID: 348 / 08-03: 1
Individual Papers
Topics: Use of remote sensing and land use policy
Keywords: Earth Observation, Enabling platform, Urban, Big Earth Data, Artificial Intelligence

Catalyzing innovation for global urban monitoring from a holistic utilization of big earth data, artificial intelligence and open knowledge

Thomas Esch1, Felix Bachofer1, Jakub Balhar2, Martin Böttcher3, Enguerran Boissier4, Mattia Marconcini1, Alessandro Marin5, Emmanuel Mathot4, Annekatrin Metz-Marconcini1, Fabrizio Pacini4, Marc Paganini5, Tomas Soukup2, Vaclav Svaton6, Julian Zeidler1

1German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany; 2GISAT s.r.o., Prague, Czech Republic; 3Brockmann Consult GmbH, Geesthacht, Germany; 4Terradue Srl, Rome, Italy; 5European Space Agency (ESA), ‎Frascati, Italy; 6IT4Innovations – VSB Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic

To facilitate the exploration of new opportunities arising from the digital transformation of our society, the Urban Thematic Exploitation Platform (U-TEP) has been set-up. This enabling instrument represents a virtual environment that combines open access to multi-source data repositories (in particular from earth observation) with dedicated data processing, analysis and visualisation functionalities. Moreover, it includes mechanisms for the development and sharing of technology and knowledge. This contribution provides a detailed introduction to and demonstration of the U-TEP system and functionalities, along with a presentation of ‘best-practice” use cases. So far, more than 330 institutions from over 40 countries have requested U-TEP products, services and platform access. Thereby the user feedback indicates that U-TEP can help to implement more effective concepts and strategies towards sustainable urban and spatial development by unlocking the understanding of the complex processes, interdependencies, and effects related to the grand challenge of global urbanization and rural transformation.

08-03-Esch-348.docx


ID: 453 / 08-03: 2
Individual Papers
Topics: Use of remote sensing and land use policy
Keywords: Urban Planning Geo-Spatial Data

Earth Observation for supporting urban land use policy implementation

Thomas Haeusler, Sharon Gomez, Amelie Broszeit

GAF AG, Germany

The National Urban Planning process is comprised of several stages from Feasibility, to Diagnostics, Formulation, Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation. In order to implement these steps evidence-based approaches for decision making are needed. Geo-spatial data play a major role in evidence based urban planning; the paper presents case studies from a European Space Agency project collaborating with the Multi-Lateral Development Banks on the application of such products for urban planning in sixteen global Cities. The satellite based land use and derived products such as green areas, transport provided Cities with information on urban growth patterns, urban densification and the development of unplanned settlements. Specific case studies in Africa and Asia will be presented to illustrate the utility of the geo-spatial data for effective and improved urban planning and policy development processes

08-03-Haeusler-453_paper.pdf
08-03-Haeusler-453_ppt.pdf


ID: 550 / 08-03: 3
Individual Papers
Topics: Use of remote sensing and land use policy
Keywords: Remote sensing, Energy, Microgrids, Electrification, SDG7

Earth Observation – A support for the distributed energy sector

Rainer Malmberg, Elke Krätzschmar

IABG mbH, Germany

A sustainable planning of affordable distributed energy installations considers many factors, requires draft but up-to-date analysis of settlements potentially effected, in combination with their surroundings. It provides a picture of the actual situation, its potential effect on local development, and with this can support a well-balanced improvement in line with the UN SDG 7.

This presentation will show, on how Earth Observation Services can support site identification and assessment by providing up-to-date information layer, such as urban extent, infrastructural and agricultural elements as well as information related to relief and potential hazards, among others. The significant qualitative increase in site identification accuracy will be shown exemplarily and is based on intense stakeholder engagement within the African context.

The outcomeis to provide ready-to-run cost-efficient, standardized solutions suitable for a scalable site identification process following different aspects, such as remoteness of a region, economic viability, vulnerability regarding natural hazards or other.

08-03-Malmberg-550_paper.pdf
08-03-Malmberg-550_ppt.pdf
 
5:45pm - 7:15pmSpec-21: Launch of publication: “Securing Forest Tenure Rights for Rural Development: An Analytical Framework”.

By invitation only. Please contact: Gsegura@worldbank.org - see also 

https://www.profor.info/content/securing-forest-tenure-rights-rural-development-analytical-framework-0

MC 2-800 

Date: Thursday, 28/Mar/2019
8:30am - 10:00am09-03: Potential and pitfalls of using drone imagery
Session Chair: Edward Anderson, World Bank group, Tanzania
MC 2-800 
 
ID: 678 / 09-03: 1
Individual Papers
Topics: Use of remote sensing and land use policy
Keywords: governance, UAV, developing countries

Governance frameworks for the sustainable implementation of UAVs in Rwanda.

Ine Buntinx, César Casiano, Joep Crompvoets

KU Leuven, Belgium

Conventional systematic survey approaches adapted from western perspectives have been found to be of limited value in supporting vulnerable communities in East Africa. At this pace, it would take centuries to deliver adequate coverage. To respond to this challenge, an alternative approach entitled ‘fit-for-purpose’ (FFP) approach has been developed. Within this context unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) are increasingly gaining importance. The aim of this paper is therefore to introduce the application of a new developed framework named the ‘Fit-for-purpose governance assessment framework. This framework is an attempt to develop further the FFP approach from a governance perspective. To do so, we have conducted 37 semi-structured in-depth interviews with stakeholders from the government, private companies and NGO’s. By applying the FFP elements, we found that the Rwandan governance system is not yet flexible and upgradable, rather not inclusive and participatory, partly affordable but already attainable and reliable.

09-03-Buntinx-678_paper.pdf
09-03-Buntinx-678_ppt.pdf


ID: 1184 / 09-03: 4
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: urban cadaster, land valuation, drones, street view, artificial intelligence

Smart cadaster. Coupling imagery from drones and street-view with proper incentives to promote sustainable urban cadasters in developing countries.

Victor Endo1, Luis Triveno2

1Global Land Alliance, Peru; 2World Bank, USA

Cadasters are broadly recognized as the core of land information systems and a key tool for land administration towards sustainable development. However, many developing countries are unable to address the institutional hurdles and financial constraints to build cadasters and more important, to maintain the land information current over time. This paper, through the analysis of specific case studies, provides a framework to overcome the institutional barriers that typically affect developing countries and a methodology to combine high-resolution imagery taken from the sky and from the street with algorithms to extract pertinent information that reduces the cost of cadastral surveys.

09-03-Endo-1184_paper.pdf
09-03-Endo-1184_ppt.pdf


ID: 820 / 09-03: 5
Poster

A study on supporting reservoir management using spatial information for preparations for drought

Jinwoo Park

LX Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corp., Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Global warming is causing various disasters and drought is one of them. Drought is a big issue not only in Korea but also in the whole world. As the drought continues, huge budgets are being spent every year, but the effect is insufficient. Countermeasures against agricultural drought are focused on the development of new water resources such as constructing a new reservoir. In order to solve agricultural drought, it is necessary to systematically investigate and manage the existing reservoirs.

Therefore, in this study, the purpose is to investigate the reservoirs, and to calculate the beneficiary areas receiving the water from the reservoirs on a monthly basis.

09-03-Park-820_paper.pdf
09-03-Park-820_ppt.pptx
 
10:30am - 12:00pm10-03: Potential and pitfalls of using drone imagery
Session Chair: Tobias Landmann, Remote Sensing Solutions GmbH, Germany
MC 2-800 
 
ID: 502 / 10-03: 1
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: drones, SfM, cadastral, landrights

Drones and the structure from motion (SfM) technique in cadastral surveying

Walter Volkmann

MicroAerial Projects LLC, United States of America

The use of small drones is spreading rapidly into several application fields. The adoption of drone operations has been quicker in cases where the relative safety and economic advantages are easily demonstrated or where they are blatantly obvious. Opportunities such as power and pipe line inspections, aerial plant health monitoring, commercial photography and video work, roof inspections and search and rescue support have been seized very quickly by entrepreneurs in general. Cadastral surveying however is practiced almost exclusively by highly qualified and certified specialists and is subject to rigorous rules and strict standards. Before the benefits of drones and the important structure from motion (SfM) mapping technique can be realized in cadastral surveying the regulatory environment needs to be amended accordingly. This presentation discusses how regulatory hurdles in the adoption of drone/SfM techniques can be effectively addressed to achieve legitimization of drones/SfM as a valid tool in surveying.

10-03-Volkmann-502.docx


ID: 543 / 10-03: 2
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: Drones, land survey, transferable technology, data acquisition, geospatial

Drone-based geomatics land data acquisition methodology - case study: city of Adama and rural area of Mojo, Ethiopia

Sukhee Cho1, Munseok Lee1, Solomon Kebede2

1Hojung Solutions CO. LTD, Korea, Republic of (South Korea); 2Ministry of Urban Development and Housing, The Government of Ethiopia

One of the basic challenges of establishing a sound land governance system is finding a fast, reliable, economical, and sustainable land measurement tool. It is difficult to have a complete and practical land administrative system without an efficient method of cadastral data production to feed into the overall land information framework.Through a cadastral surveying project conducted in Ethiopia, our project made several observations on the effectiveness of a bottom-up approach to land governance projects through a cadastral survey methodology using a combination of drones and conventional resection survey conducted in collaboration with the local survey team. This methodology is ideal to introduce strategically in local areas. This drone-based solutions is an effective means of catalyzing innovation not simply because it introduces a new technological application but because the methodology is believed to be adaptable, transferable, empowerable and sustainable by the local community of land survey experts.

10-03-Cho-543_paper.pdf
10-03-Cho-543_ppt.pdf


ID: 649 / 10-03: 3
Individual Papers
Topics: Use of remote sensing and land use policy
Keywords: Land administration, UAV, surveying techniques, qualitative data, gamification

Evaluation of UAV-based technology to capture land rights in Kenya: displaying stakeholder perspectives through interactive gaming

Claudia Stocker1, Mila Koeva1, Jaap Zevenbergen1, Rohan Bennett2,3

1University of Twente ITC, The Netherlands; 2Swinburne Business School, Australia; 3Kadaster International, The Netherlands

Limitations of western-oriented land administration systems and traditional surveying approaches have indisputably contributed to a reality where approximately 70% of the world’s land rights are not recorded. Amongst others, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are evolving as a remote sensing tool for alternative data acquisition. However, so far UAVs have only been tested and rarely been implemented in the context of land tenure mapping. To investigate technology uptake and to unlock the potential of UAV-based remote sensing, this paper introduces an interactive game. Key stakeholders were asked to rank four different means of data acquisition, namely satellite images, aerial images, UAV images and ground surveying according to six predefined indicators. The results of the board game visually unveiled opportunities and drawbacks of each data acquisition technology from the perspective of the stakeholder while the continuous group discussion provided valuable insights into existing workflows and different perceptions.

10-03-Stocker-649_paper.pdf
10-03-Stocker-649_ppt.pptx


ID: 557 / 10-03: 4
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: Drone technology, UAV, GIS, collaborative platforms, land management, AI, Deep learning

The challenges and opportunities of AI and drone technology in land management and poverty assessment

Daniel Cocanu1, Bogdan Nedelcu2, Traian Rebedea1, Marius Leordeanu2

1Teamnet, Romania; 2Autonomous Systems, Romania

Urban areas are quickest to adopt and implement smart technologies in order to improve decisional processes, thus increase the quality of life, while rural areas and rural communities are much more conservative and backwards facing.

We investigate the opportunities that arise from using up-to-date high resolution in-situ information collected with drone technology into a decisional platform for local authorities to support better land governance and land use practices while providing coherent land policies. Using Machine Learning techniques such as Deep Learning, our goal is to turn data collection into actionable information systems supporting smart development.

Combining drone imagery, GIS technology and Artificial intelligence, cadastral work and urban planning is sped-up drastically, decreasing the amount of work necessary to update previous erroneous collected data, providing visual proof of the present-day situation of both land-uses as well as households and buildings, helping rectify long overlooked information in property deeds and local registries.

10-03-Cocanu-557_paper.pdf
10-03-Cocanu-557_ppt.pptx
 
2:00pm - 3:30pm11-03: Improving interoperability of registries & open data access
Session Chair: Connie Fair, Land Title & Survey Authority of British Columbia, Canada
MC 2-800 
 
ID: 345 / 11-03: 1
Individual Papers
Topics: Data integration & interoperability for public service provision
Keywords: Digital, transformation, data, migration, national

Local Land Charges - Laying the foundation of a new national digital service.

Allison Bradbury, Emma Vincent, Nick Eccles

HM Land Registry, United Kingdom

Each of the 326 local authorities in England is required to hold a Local Land Charges register that records obligations affecting properties within its administrative area. Across the country there are some 26 million charges that are held in differing formats and to different data standards, often in non-digital, paper or electronic format.

Obtaining evidence from this dataset that describe restrictions on the use of the property such as building restrictions or listed building information take up to several weeks and impact property buying decisions and timelines.

Working in partnership with the local authorities, the United Kingdom’s Her Majesty’s Land Registry (HMLR) has begun to centralise and transform this data, which can now be accessed through a new innovative online digital service. The new service provides instant online access to citizens, speeding up the home buying process.

11-03-Bradbury-345_paper.pdf
11-03-Bradbury-345_ppt.pptx


ID: 688 / 11-03: 2
Individual Papers
Topics: Data integration & interoperability for public service provision
Keywords: digitalization, land and tenure security, preventive justice, land registers, maximizing of investments

Digitalization of public registers and the role of legal professionals – a connection for the future

Lovro Tomasic

GIZ/Bundesnotarkammer, Germany

Public registers are an essential element in the legal systems of most developed economies. In the digital age, registers are kept electronically and there is a strong desire to allow electronic access to the registers. How can courts, registers, notaries and other legal professionals remain accessible to all citizens, and maintain the existing high standards of integrity, reliability and professional secrecy in the digital age? The project “Electronic Communication of Notaries with Public Registers“, which currently attempts to develop practical, locally applicable solutions for six countries of the Western Balkans, will be presented. The session will illustrate the challenges and show a range of answers adopted in the Western Balkans region. The audience will be able to learn from the different experiences and answers to the omnipresent challenges of digitalization for legal service providers and reflect on which approach might be most appropriate in a given situation

11-03-Tomasic-688_paper.pdf


ID: 925 / 11-03: 3
Individual Papers
Topics: New ways of land data capture & analysis (incl. machine learning)
Keywords: Blockchain, Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Privatisation

Modern technology in land administration - a call for governance and structuring data in view of privatising land administration processes

Jacob Vos

Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster), Netherlands

Data are of the most interesting items of value for commercial entities and parties to implement modern technologies such as blockchain technology and (especially) artificial intelligence in various processes. This sometimes seems to implicate that the true meaning and value of data are of minor importance to some of these parties. In Land Administration processes the proper use of data is of the utmost importance. Especially in cases where Land Administration processes seem to be outsourced to commercial entities – or the complete Land Administration is privatised – it is important to set rules and implement a well-function system prior to outsourcing land administration activities. We describe the implementation and use of modern technology (eg. blockchain, AI and Internet of Things in Land Administration and the possible privatisation of land registry activities. The most frequently stated arguments not to privatize the Land Registry organizations will be discussed.

11-03-Vos-925_ppt.pptx