Evaluating the impact of community forestry practices in Sumatra island, Indonesia
1World Resources Institute, Indonesia; 2Northern Arizona University, School of Forestry, United States of America
Managing common-pool resources has always been a local challenge with global implications. Community-based forest (CBF) management is often cited as a solution to improve livelihood of communities while conserving the forests. This study investigates the extent to which CBF practices in Indonesia managed to achieve its dual mandates. We focused on evaluating impacts of Community Forest (CF) scheme on forest cover loss, as it is the most likely mechanism to expand community control of forests in Indonesia. We applied propensity scoring approach to empirically measure the relative performances of conservation and watershed protection forests with and without CF concessions in reducing deforestation rate between 2007-2016 in Lampung province. CF concessions have managed to maintain forest loss in relatively low levels compared to those that are not managed by communities. This result shows that generating economic benefit and improving communities’ access to forest resources does not necessarily lead to forests degradation.
Impact, diffusion and scaling-up of a comprehensive land-use planning approach in the Philippines – Results from a rigorous impact evaluation
DEval - German Institute for Development Evaluation, Germany
The authors present results from a rigorous impact evaluation, applying a quasi-experimental and mixed-methods design, of a large-scale, multi-level land-use planning intervention in the Philippines. We assessed the impact on core aspects of socio-economic development, environmental sustainability, disaster risk management, local governance, and also estimated innovation diffusion to non-intervention municipalities.
The intervention by the Philippine-German cooperation supported municipalities to conduct comprehensive land-use planning and aimed at reducing vulnerability to negative effects of uncontrolled development and to multiple hazards, including human-made risks, and climate change. We show the impacts of this technical approach on municipal planning capacities, on plan quality and comprehensiveness, and in five impact fields. We shed light on the implications resulting from mainstreaming the approach into national policy-making.
Based on our results, we provide several conclusions and recommendations for policy makers, development agencies and local stakeholders involved with land-use planning, disaster risk management and local governance.
Results from land tenure formalization activities in the Senegal River valley: a mixed-methods evaluation at medium-term
Mathematica Policy Research, United States of America
In 2015, Senegal completed a five-year project of land tenure formalization, registration and land management capacity building, which was combined with irrigation, drainage and road system construction in nine municipalities in the Senegal River valley. The MCC-funded project included post-project evaluation to measure the impacts and outcomes of the activities, provide lessons, and help insure the sustainability of the capital investments, processes and reforms. Early findings showed that local citizens had improved understanding of the rights and benefits of land tenure formalization and were coming forward in significant numbers to request agricultural parcels or formalization of parcels they already held informally. This paper presents updated, medium-term evaluation findings in the format of case studies of four of the nine municipalities, focusing on the land-related outcomes. The variations of the situations of these communes help explain differences in the quantitative outcomes and citizen perceptions reported in the midterm evaluation.