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10-10: Land administration: Cases from Africa
From registration to sustainability: developments in Rwanda
Rwanda Land Management and Use Authority, Rwanda
This paper briefly review the national Land Tenure Regularisation programme which was implemented in several phases in Rwanda and how it was established and implemented and then it focus on the problems that arise post-LTR – setting up the nationwide systems to support transactions, informing and changing public behaviour so that they understand the need to register changes and discourage informal transactions. The big question is how to provide sustainable land administration and land use management that can be implemented in an affordable manner, yet meet the many diverse needs of the country and its citizens while promoting economic growth and social wellbeing. We focus in how Rwanda has tried to develop a sustainable approach, and what lessons can be drawn from this.
EDOGIS comes online, an evaluation
GIS/Transport, United States of America
An evaluation of Edo State Geographic Information Service (EDOGIS) is presented.
The governor of Edo State, Nigeria establishes a new land agency in early 2018, backed by an enabling law. A private company is awarded a Design, Built, Operate, Transfer contract to implement the agency. The new program is to be fully digital, fully automated and centered on an LIS / GIS / LAS networked system. A comprehensive, high resolution orthophoto imagery is employed in the program as well. The project also entails a fully renovated and environmentally controlled building, file tracking management, rigorous training and other international best practices. This paper is an evaluation at one year on of the successes and shortcomings of EDOGIS, and of contributing factors and lessons learned.
Piloting urban land systematic adjudication and registration in Ethiopia:
1Federal Urban Land and Landed Property Registry, and Information Agency, Ethiopia; 2IGN France International, France
The Government of Ethiopia has embarked on incremental land reforms. The 2011 Federal Urban Land Holding Proclamation No. 721/2011 provided a legal basis for leasehold and old possession. According to Proclamation No. 721/2011, land acquired before the introduction of the leasehold system is taken as old possession/permit-hold. Following the Urban Land Holding Proclamation, the Proclamation to Provide for Registration of Urban Landholding No. 818/2014 was passed in 2014 to mandate a common legal cadastre for all urban areas. The establishment of legal cadastre over urban areas aims to secure tenure for all urban land holds to bring good governance in urban land administration and enable the facilitation of investment and the operation of the real estate market. The realization of the objective of urban legal cadastre will probably take a decade or more, hence the program will be phased into at least three project phases.
The innovative national rural land administration information system of Ethiopia
1Hansa Luftbild AG, Germany; 2Ministry of Argriculture and Natual Resources, Ethiopia; 3NIRAS, Finland; 4IINTAPS, Ethiopia
The National Rural Land Administration System (NRLAIS) of Ethiopia was developed and implemented for the country’s Ministry of Agriculture to harmonize the rural land administration. The system was developed on the basis of free and open source software (FOSS) components, applies the ISO Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) standard and provides Open Geospatial Consortium compliant services. It stores all data, geometries and their associated textual information. The architecture is innovative and follows a modular “toolkit” approach. The system can easily be adapted for the different legal requirements of the Ethiopian regional states. It applies unique holding and parcel identification numbers. It represents all processes of the Ethiopian rural land administration which are carried out at the various administrative levels, from the central ministry to the district (woreda) level. The system also includes a mass registration solution for systematic land registration and a data migration tool to convert existing land records.