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09-10: Land administration: Cases from Africa
Appropriateness of land administration domain ontological model for the national land governance and the promotion of foreign investments
1ANCFCC, Morocco; 2IAV Hassan II, Morocco; 3IAV Hassan II, Morocco; 4ANCFCC, Morocco
Among the land and real estate sector shortcomings influencing the international direct investment is how to identify various land statuses and stakeholders, to secure the immovable property right and to share data concepts and relationships between them. One way to handle this is to set and adopt a comprehensive ontology model for the domain of land administration. This serves two major purposes: On the national level, land sub domains should be integrated and interoperable, namely state and non-state lands, land shaping and improvement, taxation. On the international level, foreigner investors in land, real estate and dependent economic sectors need good perception of the land administration domain and demand expert knowledge about its concepts as well as transparency in rules and procedures in force. This paper contributes in providing a knowledge ontology system and a land administration domain model to help in land governance and its promotion for international direct investment.
Scaling up the more systematic land certification method in Madagascar – issuing 106,000 land certificates in seven months
1Agriculture Growth and Land Management Project, Madagascar; 2Ministry of Land Management and Land Tenure, Madagascar
Madagascar maintains the priority to promote land tenure security by issuing land certificates. A grouped certification method has issued 106,000 land certificates in 7 months, the equivalent of 74% of the production since 2005. This action led by the CASEF project and the Decentralized Land Management Departement of Ministry of Land aims to establish 500 000 land certificates until 2021. It is expected that for the family farming, the security of the land incitates investment, facilitates the access to loan or contracts of market-oriented production, secures the transmission of rights, and allows to register secondary rights contracts, a source of access to land for the most vulnerable. For the Commune, land identification facilitates the extension of family farming and investments. Land database enable to manage taxation, source of financial means and incentive to update land information.
Indicators' assessment of Land Governance in Morocco: a preliminary study
1Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medecine, Morocco; 2Graduate Engineers, Morocco
Two institutions are governing land tenure system in Morocco. One is the abstract deed system to guaranty land ownership and land transactions. The second is the titling system based on Torrent principles. The Torrent system is sporadic, time consuming, and expensive. Many operators are facing challenges in terms of land market transactions and land rights management. The issues are linked to the diversity of the land regulations and the bureaucracy of many institutions. Indeed, it is necessary to assess land governance in Morocco. The LGAF tool as the basis of a highly participatory approach analyzing various dimensions of land governance in a systematic way was adopted to achieve this purpose. the goal behind is to identify good practices and build consensus on priority areas for land administration enhancement. The results of the analysis will enable stakeholders to address key governance gaps and elaborate a clear roadmap of improving land governance.
Land Sectoral Policy document: the ultimate challenge for efficient land governance.
D. R. CONGO Government, Congo, Democratic Republic of the
A sectoral Land Policy document is the place where the major options for land governance for a country are laid down, to guide the design and implementation of legislation. Despite its land's huge potential for economic development and community empowerment, the Democratic Republic of Congo has never designed a Land Policy document since the colonial period. The land existing land legislation has derived many of its principles from the colonial model, thus failing to address the societal evolution, the evolving economic competition over land as well as the need for sociocultural stability founded on land.
Through a challenging land reform process, the country is designing its first land policy document. What are the challenges for this crucial exercise, and what are its potential implications for improving land governance while addressing economic and social issues directly related to land ?