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05-09: Implementing REDD in practice
Practical guide for the creation and management of conservation space
1National Cooperative Business Association CLUSA International, United States of America; 2Independent Consultant, Burkina Faso; 3World Bank, United States of America
Burkina Faso’s Ministry of Environment, Green Economy and Climate Change (MEEVCC) is developing solutions to secure rural commons used by multiple actors. MEEVCC received the support of the National Cooperative Business Association (NCBA CLUSA) to design a practical guide to help local governments to secure the sustainable use of forest reserves in Burkina Faos’s effort to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). NCBA CLUSA conducted a field assessment and consultation process in four communes to draw lessons from the resource use and practices at the village level. From this assessment and with local actors involved in NRM and land tenure, the study identified lessons, analyzed institutional constraints and the legal options offered for the securing of commons. 32 communes will use this practical guide to secure their commons, with the objective of reaching impact at scale in the reduction of carbon emissions related to land use change.
Development of a practical guide to support local actors in the development and management of conservation areas in the context of REDD+
NCBA CLUSA International, United States of America
The National Cooperative Business Association drew on experience in natural resources management in West Africa to develop a practical guide to secure the sustainable use of forest reserves in the context of REDD+ objectives for Land Degradation Neutrality. Over an eight-month period, our team in Burkina Faso worked with the World Bank Forest Investment Program, a technical advisory group and ministries. We conducted a literature review, interviews with policy makers, and field assessments of resource use and practices at the commune (the lowest level of political and administrative districts) and village levels in four communes: Gassan, Sapouy, Siby and Zambo. Issues emerging include a diversity of land uses (forest resources, as well as non-timber products including fauna); degraded resources; accommodating private interests, such as traditional hunter associations or across multiple villages with claims; lack of institutional memory and documentation of previous planning efforts; and reconciling legitimate and legally recognized actors.
Rethinking land development and offset mechanisms in cambodia
Heinrich Boell Foundation, Cambodia
This publication is on "Green Growth" and natural Resource Development in Cambodia. In view of this factual situation, the question arises whether member countries of the OECD or the developed countries could expand their influence in Cambodia by means of other actions. The two offset mechanisms (CDM and REDD+) will be explained in detail, which will then be used to investigate environmental projects in Cambodia provinces. In view of the controversial situation, the REDD+ is supposed to help to ensure sustainable forest use. It is particularly clear that this form of land grabbing is justified by the advocates of “Green Growth”, "maximizing sustainability" and "preserving ecosystems". This type of "optimization" as well as the heterogeneity of the very different actors in the face of common interests underline the difference to the phenomenon of land grabbing, also because the exploitation of natural resources such as oil or wood is not directly in their focus.
Environmental justice in the REDD+ frontier: indigenous experiences from the scholarly literature and proposals for a way forward
Center for International Forestry Research, Peru
We present the findings of a systematic search of the scholarly literature dealing with how projects and national processes of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) framework have affected, positively or negatively, the rights of indigenous peoples. Our review is intended as a follow-up to early warnings that REDD+ might violate indigenous rights, and to positions held by proponents that REDD+ can be a vehicle to achieve further recognition of indigenous rights. By exploring the question of indigenous rights in the REDD+ frontier — the national and local contexts in which REDD+ is being rolled out — we aim to inform ongoing related discussions in scholarly and practised-based circles.
This presentation engages with Theme 4 of the conference — Land and human rights, gender, indigenous peoples.
How the climate protection strengthens the indigenous territories in the Amazon: The REDD Early Movers Program (REM) in Mato Grosso - Brazil
1GIZ, Brazil; 2FEPOIMT, Brazil; 3ICV, Brazil
Brazil is a signatory of the Paris Agreement to tackle the Climate Change. The Mato Grosso State, located in the Amazon, commited with the end of the lllegal deforestation which allowed the launch of the REDD Early Movers (REM) Program supported by KfW and GIZ. It rewards pioneers for their success in reducing deforestation, based in payment for results under a stock-flow methodology that rewards several actors, especially the conservationists. The Program, coordinated by the State Government, includes a Subprogram for Indigenous Territories whose consultation process (of 43 ethnicities) fully respected the Convention 169 of ILO. It has the partnership of the brazilian NGO Instituto Centro de Vida (ICV) and has the Federation of Indigenous Peoples of Mato Grosso (FEPOIMT) as the protagonist. The article aims to demonstrate how the REM Program, supported by German Cooperation, has strengthened the Indigenous Territories in Mato Grosso-Brazil,