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10-06: Data to determine compensation for land acquisition
Utilizing UAV images for large-scale land development compensation: A case of prevention for compensation speculation in South Korea
LX Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corp., Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
The compensation issue is considered as the biggest matter when land development operator implements a large-scale land development. South Korea has is unusual behavior that landowners install new facilities to raise compensation on their lands, just before the project takes place, called as 'Compensation Speculation'. To prevent that behavior, LX, the Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation, attempted to analyze the ‘ortho-image’ taken by UAV. A day before the land development implement notice date, LX took the image for the project site. This ortho-image was completed as basic data for compensation by superimposing with cadastral map. Using this image, operator able to obtain objective data that could accurately identify the target of compensation at the time of the project was noticed and allowed to calculate compensation to be determined without survey it directly in the field.
Improve the land acquisition system with a technology based processes approach
Transparency International-Secretariat, Germany
The land acquisition process could be described as a series of interconnected steps where the output of one step is the input to another, resulting in the acquisition of a piece of land. As the leading organisation in the fight against corruption, Transparency International (TI) has innovated various approaches to addressing corruption. The process-based approach, described in this paper, improves case management by reducing the time spent on addressing issues such as transparency (or lack thereof) while maximizing efforts to address corruption. TI conceived and developed this approach to improving the land acquisition process, in order to contribute to building a transparent, effective and accountable land management system. This method is called the ‘process approach’ and it incorporates both business process management and reporting technologies. This experimental technology is currently being implemented in Zambia and Sierra Leone.
Analysing governance in the informal land compensation approaches in customary areas of Ghana
1Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; 2University of Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
In peri-urban areas, increasing urbanisation and land development leave indigenous farmers forcibly evicted from their farmlands. Farmers who lose their land to these land development activities are mostly not compensated. Over the past decade, many customary areas of Ghana have developed and adopted different compensation packages based on different sharing formulae to address the problem. This paper analyses the governance issues in the compensation approaches in stool land areas of Ghana and highlights the conditions for scaling up the process in other customary areas. The paper shows that though the compensation approaches have been developed on local customary norms and structures, they have the potential to be scaled both horizontally and vertically across different customary areas. Addressing issues on participation, equity and transparency in the development in the sharing formulae can improve governance in the implementation of the compensation approaches.
Valuation and compensation under Zimbabwe post 2000 land reform program
Independent Consultant, Zimbabwe
Between 2000 and 2005 the Zimbabwe Government embarked on compulsory acquisition of commercial farms which were predominantly owned by white commercial farmers. This attracted a lot of negative international headlines and condemnation.To this day, compensation of the acquired farms is still a major outstanding and topical issue. Until this is resolved this shall remain a major stumbling block in efforts to rebuild Zimbabwe’s agriculture. Land acquired under this program shall remain contested and this has domino effect in terms of security of tenure, decisions on long term investments, value of the land and use of such land as collateral.
The compensation quantum is estimated to run into billions of dollars and is probably one of the world largest compensation programs today.