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04-09: Approaches towards sustainable land use management
Development of an informal land use register for South Africa
Data World (Pty) Ltd, South Africa
Spatial Planning is an important driver for promoting sustainable development and improving quality of life. It organises land uses to cater to the demands of development with environmental considerations. The effectiveness of planning hinges on the availability of comprehensiveness and quality of information. However, in South Africa, there is a critical gap in the availability of information that can genuinely depict the status of rural areas regarding current land. The problem is aggravated by the fact the no spatial reference can be made for large parts of the country’s rural areas as the cadastre does not cover them.
This paper presents a case study of a project that has recently been undertaken to create an informal land use register and a spatial database of infrastructure for rural areas of South Africa. This project is to assist all local municipalities in creating a single, wall to wall land use scheme.
Rural Environmental Registry in the priority municipalities for Cerrado deforestation combating, in Brazil
1The World Bank, Brazil; 2Brazilian Forest Service / Ministry of the Environment, Brazil; 3German Agency for International Cooperation - GIZ
The Rural Environmental Registry (CAR) is an important source of landholdings information for environmental and economic control, monitoring and planning, as well as to combat deforestation in Brazil. This publication provides CAR information declared until August / 2018, for the geographical context of the priority municipalities for Cerrado deforestation combating, a set of 52 municipalities located in the Cerrado Biome for priority actions to monitor and control illegal deforestation, land management and the encouragement of environmentally economic activities maintenance of native areas and recovery of degraded areas. Furthermore, the area registered in the CAR and the municipal boundaries were crossed with MapBiomas land cover – a database that provides the Cerrado land cover for a historical series between 2000 and 2016 – to evaluate the evolution of the land cover on the municipality and in the area registered in the CAR.
Environment and land use trends in the Ethiopian lowlands
The World Bank, United States of America
This study examines environmental and land use trends in Ethiopia focusing primarily on the lowland areas. Unlike the Ethiopian highlands which have been studied much more extensively, land-use trends, environmental threats and socio-economic challenges facing those living in the lowlands (i.e. areas below 1500m elevation) are much less understood as are the types of policies and practices promoting resilience among vulnerable groups. To support better decision making and more efficient delivery and targeting of programming, this study analyzes trends in the environment and land use to better understand the challenges faced by lowland changing vegetation patterns and expansion of cropping in traditional rangeland areas. The approach adopted draws heavily on a variety of remote-sensed (i.e. satellite) data in combination with environmental station monitoring data, field observations and local expertise to look at long-term (i.e. 1986-2017) as well as short-term (2000-2017) trends to better understand challenges faced by the lowland population.