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05-07: Improving access to land for urban expansion
Urban planning orientation tools implementation in Bamako District
University of Law and Political Science of Bamako, Mali
Growing cities across the globe face a number of changelings and problems which posse threat to their dwellers. In the world today, the fastest growing city in Africa and the sixth in the world, Bamako currently faces huge challenge of implementation urban planning tools which sooner or later might be difficult to be addressed. In attempt to have a holistic view of the challenge, 646 questionnaires were given to its common citizens, 32 questionnaires were given to Neighborhood Development Committee (CDQ) members, and 11 interviews had been conducted in 32 Neighborhoods (quarters) in the 06 Communes of Bamako District. Through the use of simple percentage, this study discovered that planning orientation tools are not implemented and plans are not respected in Bamako District. The city is progressively demolishing and the village is set up for the change of public facilities into dwellings and the residents are not satisfied of that.
Urban planning and land shortcoming in Morocco: Aspects of injustice and perspectives
1National Institute of Urban Planning, Morocco; 2University Qadi ayyad, Morocco; 3Institute of agronomy and Veterinary Medicine, Morocco; 4National Council of Licensed Surveyors, Morocco
Urban planning tools in Morocco are a source of land injustice. Urban planning documents continue to reflect a prescriptive and normative urbanism based on a functionalist logic of equipment distribution and zoning, constantly generating spatial divisions and correlative social segregations. Land inequity is a source of social injustice for those who have suffered the consequences of prejudicial planning. The idea discussed by this paper follows three basic frameworks: the first focuses on revealing the scope and limits of the normative and legal framework for urban planning. The second aims to highlight the forms of land injustice arising from urban plans. As for the third axis, it focuses on the principles, rules and prospects for a possible renewal in this area.
Urban planning and land issues in the city of Antananarivo
Ministry of Regional Development, Building, Housing and Public Works - Madagascar
As the Malagasy population is still composed of 75% of farmers and most of them do not yet have their own land, the development of urban areas can not keep pace with the rural exodus which is constantly increasing;
Given this fact, we thought that it would be essential to focus on the study of this phenomenon, in order to know the realities that surround it and in what perspectives they can be improved.
After the ten years of land reform, a new Land Policy Letter has been initiated in 2015.
Land issues involve actors in a perspective of sustainable planning development. The synergy of all stakeholders is therefore essential to resolve the problmes in an urban area, especially local authorities, environmental managers, specialists in urban planning and housing, civil society, land administration and local land offices.
Assessing suitability and acceptability of development plans and town planning schemes in small and medium town: a case of Gujarat
CEPT University, India
The paper focuses on urban plan preparation in Gujarat, which is backed by the robust legislative framework. This two-stage plan preparation process is popularly known as Development Plan (DP) and Town Planning Schemes (TPS). The intention of this plan is to support future growth and develop it in a planned manner. Large cities have comparatively better governance structures and hence are generally able to prepare these plans. However, it has been observed that these urban plans are facing challenges to gain momentum in small and medium towns. Local bodies of these towns are unable to defend urban plans prepared by them. Hence, these plans faced severe resistance and opposition from the community and had to be withdrawn or updated the urban plans. This paper reviews and ascertain the issues faced by urban local bodies and stakeholders during the preparation and implementation of these plans and followed by the recommendations.