Spatial planning, urban expansion and land use conversion: a study on urban form of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Vietnamese-German University, Vietnam
This paper aims to present the transformation of urban form and identify challenges of spatial development and planning in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). The paper starts with an overview on the Geographical Information System (GIS) dataset developed from various data provided by technical departments of HCMC such as street network, population time-series, topography, land use, housing and infrastructure. After that, using equidistant concentric annulus analysis and overlaying techniques, the paper attempts to (i) understand urban expansion process and associated risks for sustainable development, (ii) analyze population distribution by direction and by distance to city centre, (iii) identify land use factors influencing population distribution in HCMC, especially the development of industrial parks. The findings point out significant differences between spatial development directions in the city’s Master Plans and actual development directions during 1999-2015 period. In the conclusion, policy implications for sustainable urban development of HCMC will be discussed.
Exploring options for leaseholds in the Mukuru special planning area
1Cardiff University, United Kingdom; 2Akiba Mashinani Trust, Kenya; 3Katiba Institute, Nairobi
The declaration of the informal settlements of Mukuru Kwa Njenga, Kwa Reuben and Viwandani slums as a Special Planning Area (SPA) was momentous given the numerous challenges that have been occasioned by lack of, or poor planning in the area. Extensive discussions have been held with the aim of finding solutions to the longstanding concerns of inadequate access to sanitation and lack of proper housing within these areas. Actualization of proposed solutions in the past have however stalled as a result of the unresolved question of land ownership within the slums. It has been noted with concern that the land question in the slums continues to be a barrier to planning imperatives that may be beneficial to these settlements. This paper explores some possible options available to Nairobi City County Government to deal with the leaseholds in the Mukuru SPA to enable proper planning and upgrading of Mukuru.
Aligning land use policies to community vision in regulating land beyond urban: an initiative in Odisha, India
Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, India
The paper brings in the need for a community vision-led landuse policy that governs land beyond urban. As per Census of India 2011, 68.84 percent of India is rural. Except for few states, land in rural areas is not governed through spatial tools and policies. The state of Odisha, located in the south-eastern part of India being 83.32 percent rural (Census 2011), lacks a landuse policy and spatial regulation tool for all rural areas and many of its urban areas. Due to absence or inadequacy of a comprehensive policy for landuse development, investments are not guided to villages and small or medium towns. To make the denied areas thrive as productive and livable territories, it becomes essential to distribute land development benefits equitably over space. The paper examines how formulation of a state specific land use policy for Odisha, can integrate the aspirations of local communities for better decision-making.
Spatial Planning as an instrument for the sustainability of investment and efficient provision of services - Comayagua Case
1Property Institute, Honduras; 2World Bank, United Stated; 3Comayagua, Honduras
Honduras is a country located in Central America and its territorial extension is 112,492 km², with a political division composed of 18 departments and 298 municipalities. The municipality of Comayagua is located in the department of the same name, which is located in the central part of the country.
Comayagua is the municipality with the most complete and up-to-date Cadastre in the country, and several initiatives have been developed for it to become an Associated Center of the property registry of the Property Institute. Therefore, the municipality of Comayagua administers the National Cadastre within its territorial scope, making use of the Unified System of Registries (SURE), which is the official tool of the Government for the subject of Cadastre-Registry.