Secure Tenure for all starts to emerge: New Experiences of Countries implementing a Fit-For-Purpose Approach to Land Administration
1Aalborg University, Denmark; 2KnowEdge, United Kingdom
This paper initially provides background to the 2030 Global Agenda and the realisation that many of these goals will not be achieved without quickly solving the current insecurity of tenure crisis through the FFP approach to land administration. New technology and emerging trends for land administration identified within the World Bank’s Guide (2017) will then be reviewed within the context of implementing Fit-For-Purpose (FFP) land administration solutions. Finally, the paper will review the lessons learned from implementing FFP land administration solutions in three developing countries, Indonesia, Nepal and Uganda, to identify how their country strategies were evolved, how the FFP land administration guidelines were interpreted and adapted, how politicians and decision makers signed onto the approach, and how the mind-set of key stakeholders, including surveyors, were changed to embrace FFP land administration.
Fit-for-purpose land administration strategy: an innovative approach to implement land policies in Nepal
1Ministry of Land Management, Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation, Government of Nepal; 2Kathmandu University, Nepal; 3UNHABITAT, Nepal; 4Aalborg University, Denmark; 5Land and GLTN Unit, Land and Governance Branch, UN-Habitat, Kenya; 6Community Self Reliance Center, Kathmandu Nepal; 7Land and GLTN Unit, UN-Habitat, Kenya
The current Nepalese Land Administration System only deals with the formal land tenure system. Approximately 10 million land parcels are under informal tenure and outside the formal cadaster. Families, under such informal tenure, are highly vulnerable to eviction due to unsecured land tenure. Informal tenure is causing huge loss to economy and the valuable land asset is dumped as “dead capital”.
Addressing this problem of informality with the existing traditional approach may require huge financial resources, long time span and large number of trained human resources, which could be difficult to manage for a country like Nepal. In this context, this paper presents an innovative approach and fit for purpose strategy of land administration which could be a solution to manage informal land tenure and implement the provisions in the proposed land policies and newly enacted Constitution of Nepal. The results are encouraging and can be implemented throughout the country.
Creating resilience to natural disasters through FFP land administration – an application in Nepal
1Kadaster, Netherlands, The; 2UN-Habitat Nepal; 3UN-Habitat Global Land Tool Network; 4University Twente, ITC Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation; 5Swinburne University of Technology
Information on people to land relationships - documented in a land administration system - is crucial in occurrence of any natural disaster. Fit–For Purpose approaches and interventions have been used in the process of earthquake recovery and to improve the resilience for four affected communities in the Dolakha district in Nepal. Therefore innovative land tools have been used in a post-earthquake context to support the management and recordation of customary and informal land rights for communities. The FFP LA approach in the post-earthquake context brought quick results and benefited not only four communities in Dolakha district but also had impact at national level as it supported the national land policy formulation process and ignited the FFP country implementation strategy.
Fit for Purpose Land Administration: Innovations as a result of country implementations
1Kadaster, Netherlands, The; 2Twente University - ITC
There is an urgent need for the administration of property and land use rights worldwide as a basis for inclusive social and economic growth. To continue in the conventional way will not lead to inclusion of the remaining 70% within our lifetime. It is time for new, innovative approaches to land administration. Time to build affordable, inclusive, scalable and sustainable systems that quickly provide complete coverage of the tenure situation in territories.
Based on our experiences in the implementation of FFP methodologies in projects over the last year, we will define lessons learned in e.g. Colombia, Brazil, Kenya, Nepal, Indonesia. Some lessons are of a more general nature, and other lessons are country and context specific. These lessons are significant for scaling up and ‘scaling forward’ FFP land administration and will result in innovations of methodology, technology and approaches.