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02-12: Can large investment catalyze agricultural transformation?
10:30am - 12:00pm
Session Chair: Thomas Jayne, Michigan State University, United States of America
The Resource Impact Dashboard (RID) An innovative global framework to measure the local impact of landed resources exploitation by industries
Fritz Brugger3, Selina Bezzola3, Joao Salavessa2, Rey Pascal1, Peter Hochet1, Hermine Papazian1
1Institute for Social Research in Africa, Burkina Faso; 2Universidade de Lurio, Mozambique; 3Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland
Within the larger goal of improving our understanding of the development impact of landed resource extraction on territorial management, the main focus of the RID research project lies on developing a methodological and technical framework that allows gathering field-based evidence across the diverse dimensions of outcomes, in a way that is readily available and understandable to both policymakers and local stakeholders. The RID framework is informed by a relational theory approach and integrating insights from research into the emergence of civil conflict and into the role of institutions in creating social capital. Mixed qualitative and quantitative data are collected through survey on wellbeing and perceptions; complementary data are collected from extractive companies and government bodies. The survey is currently being tested in two mining areas in Burkina Faso and Mozambique each, administering surveys to a total of 2'000 households.
Agricultural growth corridors in Sub-Saharan Africa - New hope for territorial rural development or another non-starter?
German Development Institute (DIE), Germany
Agricultural growth corridors - geographically bounded areas along a central transport line that receive intensive agricultural investments - are a recent approach to economic development in Sub-Saharan Africa. They figure prominently in several national development strategies in the region. Agricultural growth corridors combine agricultural policies with agrobusiness and infrastructure investments. Since they are usually planned and managed as strategic private-public-partnerships, they promise to bring together expertise, funding and coordination that are usually dispersed and aim to benefit from multiple synergies that arise. There are, however, huge pitfalls to be overcome from agricultural corridor approaches, including social exclusion, land grabbing and ecological stress. The paper brings together literature on geographical approaches to rural development as well as empirical evidence from the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT).
A framework for the development of responsible agropoles in Africa
Mohamed Coulibaly, Francine Picard
International Institute for Sustainable Development, Mali
Agropoles are simultaneous, coordinated investments in agriculture to support self-sustaining industrialization in a country. Ensuring that the new wave of agropoles in Africa is effective requires robust policies, laws and practices to ensure that a possible new trend of investment helps Africa achieve its sustainable development goals. There’s therefore a need for a clear framework outlining the key stages and steps, including the practices they entail, to follow in order to make sure they are developed in a responsible and a sustainable manner, i.e. in such a way that the risks associated with their development are minimized and the benefits maximized.
The present paper is a reflection on such a Framework for the development of responsible Agricultural growth zones. It identifies eight key steps spread across three main phases for a responsible agropole development framework: planning (1), Design (2) and implementation (3).
Changing farm structure and rural transformation in Africa
Michigan State University, United States of America