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Session Chair: Kaitlin Cordes, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment, United States of America
Challenges of making land available for large-scale investment in commercial agriculture in Tanzania: the case of Missenyi district
Joseph Mukasa Lusugga Kironde, Sophia Kongela
Ardhi university, Tanzania
There is a belief that for a country like Tanzania, there is a lot of unutilized or underutilized land that can be made available for large-scale agricultural investment. Based on a study of the Missenyi District to the north-west of the country, it was established that given the growing population and the existence of a sugarcane estate, a state ranch and a nature reserve there is a land scarcity which is forcing serious encroachment on the traditional communal resources land (rweya), and on wetlands (bishanga) with serious consequences on land for livestock grazing, the environment and water sources. It is recommended that rather than think in terms of creating a land bank for large external investors, efforts should be made to enable land markets including land rentals, and turn the local populations into high productivity investors, reducing the pressure for lateral expansion onto communal and environmentally sensitive land.
Insights from participatory land use planning in Liberia: the dos and don’ts of bottom-up land use planning as part of tenure reform
Ellen Pratt1, Ethan Miller2, Uriah Garsinii1
1Liberia Land Authority; 2IDH, The Sustainable Trade Initiative
In September 2018, after years of advocacy, negotiation, and research, the Government of Liberia passed the Land Rights Act (LRA). This act formally recognizes customary land and calls for land use planning in every community. The Liberia Land Authority, the agency tasked with implementing the LRA, and IDH, The Sustainable Trade Initiative, are piloting bottom-up land use planning in Foya District of Lofa County, in Northwest Liberia, to understand the opportunities and challenges of such a process. Through this initiative, communities identify land for farming, other livelihood activities, future use or conservation, infrastructural development, and sustainable agro-production supported through external investments. The first of its kind in Liberia, this project tests methodologies for land negotiation, community mapping, and conflict resolution in the land sector at the district level. By analyzing the successes and challenges of this process, we offer insights that can inform land use planning processes occurring elsewhere.
Building harmonized private and state land data and information systems in Ethiopia
Mulugeta Tadesse1, Tommi Tenno2, Oliver Schoenweger1, Yohannes Redda2, Zerfu Hailu2
1Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Ethiopia; 2NIRAS
Different government institutions in Ethiopia working on land related issues manage data and information independently, while their activities and mandates are often related or even overlapping. In Ethiopia different institutions deal with small holder rural land and commercial agricultural land. Until now responsible institutions were not able to share information and view each others data to make informed decisions. The lack of shared data has in some cases led to investment allocations that overlap with small holder farmers’ areas. This challenge is currently addressed through joint initiatives involving the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Resources and Ethiopian Horticultural and Agriculture Investment Authority supported by the Finnish Government funded REILA project and by the EU/German co-funded GIZ implemented S2RAI project. The paper will provide examples and arguments for linking data and IT-systems of different governmental institutions and focus on the link between investment land allocation and monitoring and rural cadaster.
Making Myanmar's National Land Use Policy and Legal Framework work: opportunities and challenges for harnessing technology, innovation and investment in people for Myanmar's inclusive development
Thyn Zar Oo1, Kyaw Htun1,2, Nwai Aye Aye Wai1,3
1The PLAN: Public Legal Aid Network, Myanmar; 2Emerald Sea Group; 3River Mekong Group
"There is no compensation for inaction and lack of policies", warned a panelist in "Leveraging Policies for Sustainable Development Goals", one of the seminars in the 2018 Annual Meetings of the World Bank and IMF in Bali, urging governments' immediate actions to address global issues highlighting the only alternative be devastating crises. In light of #AM2018Bali agendas, the paper explores the context of Myanmar's challenges and opportunities: how Myanmar could ensure its National Land Use Policy and Legal Framework work for all its populations, including the vulnerable/marginalized by fostering inclusion, equality, rule of law and ensuring leveled playing field for free and fair competition. By honestly looking into the realities of the illicit and unaccounted-for economies, their thriving financing models, could the country capture and incorporate correct data to accommodate comprehensive policy and regulatory frameworks. Harnessing technology, innovation and investing in the future will help Myanmar achieve its full potential.