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Session Chair: Janet Edeme, African Union Commission, Ethiopia
The impact of land regularization in rural Tanzania; gender, rights and anti- poverty case: the civil society organization’s parallel support to the land tenure support programme
Nasieku Kisambu1, Jonathan Kioko1, Mary Richard2
1We Effect, Tanzania; 2Tanzania Women Lawyers Association, Tanzania
Land Tenure Regularization is a priority for both rural and urban Land Tenure Regularization is a priority for both rural and urban Tanzania. The main drive is security of tenure and subsequent economic benefits including access to financial services. Rural Tanzania (approximated at 80%) is categorized as village land. While the government of Tanzania prioritize land formalization to promote and guarantee security of tenure, and ultimately economic benefits to citizens, several other factors must be considered in order to cement on the real security of tenure and thus contribute effectively to poverty reduction. This paper discusses Gender, land formalization as a human right issue, and a tool for poverty reduction. Specific lessons are drawn from the parallel CSO support project which focuses on fostering equitable engagement, consultation and representation in the land regularization process being undertaken by the government of Tanzania under the Land Tenure Support programme (2014-2018).
A multi-stakeholder approach to advancing women’s land rights using the SDGs framework: experience from Tanzania
The adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015 has inspired actors to use the SDGs to advance specific agendas of interest at the national and global level. The actors who are working on the land sector have, in the spirit of leaving no one behind, organized themselves in advocating for data collection on tenure security, land law reforms, re-classifications of indicators, as well as localization of the indictors in national development plans. In Tanzania, Landesa in collaboration with the Ministry responsible for Gender established a Multi-stakeholder Platform on Women’s Land Rights in order to generate discussions and exchanges that encourage and support the government to take responsibility and to act more effectively and quickly to support women’s land rights. This paper highlights the milestones and lessons one year on since the platform was created.
Women’s tenure rights and land reform in Angola
Development Workshop, Angola
Current Angolan municipalisation reforms present a unique opportunity to affect local practice on how community and individual land-holder tenure is administered and to protect women's equitable rights to land. Angola is a post-war country, with weak land tenure legislation and limited local government management capacity. Customary traditions are practiced in the various regions a of the country do not respect women’s rights of ownership and inheritance. More than 62 percent of the population live in informal settlements with insecure land tenure under the threat of forced evictions. Families living in poor communities affected by the expansion of cities and towns are particularly vulnerable. Of these, families lead by women are the most at risk. Securing rights to land and housing assets are important to livelihoods of women headed households by permitting access to financing that they require to grow their enterprises as well as for incrementally upgrading their housing.
Using institutional cooperation, focusing on Capacity Building, to secure Gender Equality
Kent Johan Ronny Nilsson1, Grace Nishimwe2
1Lantmäteriet, Sweden; 2Rwanda Land Management and Use Authority, Rwanda
Rwanda has a unique position in the world of land administration, achieving extraordinary results in limited time with limited resources and limited land available. We might be able to find other successful examples, such as Botswana, but how do you continue to develop and take the next step?
Land data is best served fresh and together with other data it can provide a basis for development of any country but without reliable data any country’s economy could collapse.
Sweden is supporting Rwanda via Sida and an institutional cooperation between Lantmäteriet and RLMUA, focusing on capacity building “Capacity Development in Land Administration”.
Women’s rights are vital to reach the SDG's, including No Poverty, Gender Equality and Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. How can innovation help making actual progress for the poor and vulnerable women living on and from the land?