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The indigenous people in Uganda comprise of former hunters/gatherer communities such as the Bennet and the Batwa also known as Twa. They also include minority groups who include the Irk, the Karamojong and the Basongora. Ancient communities of hunters and gatherers, living in forested areas and practicing their cultural and economic way of life.The above group of people do not enjoy fundamental human rights like other Ugandans. The suffer discrimination,severe poverty and exclusion. The discrimination and marginalisation experienced by the indigenous communities range from lack of security of tenure, marginalisation in terms of political representation, poor education and provision of social services, negative stereotyping and segregation. They have common experience of state-induced landlessness and historical injustices caused by the creation of conservation areas. Their right to both land and other natural resources are well established under international and national legislation yet ignored and not implemented thus human rights violation
Understanding the key Drivers of Land use and Livelihood dynamics in the Drylands of Kenya: The Case of Fodder production in Isiolo County
Saada Mohamed Sala, David Jakinda Otieno, Jonathan Nzuma, Stephen Mwangi Mureithi
University of Nairobi, Kenya
In the face of increasing pressure on land and natural resources, combating land degradation in arid rangelands of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is essential to ensure sustainable productivity of these environments. The successive droughts coupled with environmental and demographic factors remain a threat to livestock-based livelihoods, hence limiting the livelihood opportunities available to millions of resource-poor pastoralists. This study assessed the influence of adopting fodder production on land use and livelihood changes in Isiolo County of Kenya. Data was collected using key informant consultations, focus group discussions and individual household survey. The findings showed that adoption of fodder production promotes productive land uses and pastoralists’ participation in diversified income-earning activities. Therefore, resilience focused interventions through asset creation are vital pathways that facilitate pastoralists’ access to resources, and opportunities towards self-reliance, hence aiding the achievement of a sustainable socio-economic development in line with Kenya’s vision 2030 and global development agenda.
Land and Pastoralism in Eastern Africa: lessons learned
Open Society Initiative for Eastern Africa (OSIEA), Uganda
This paper presents lessons learned, experiences of OSIEA and her partners working with pastoralists in securing land rights using both traditional and modern systems. We believe that it is the extent to which pastoralists are able to mobilize amongst themselves that will ensure to enable them positively influence policy processes.