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07-04: Beyond joint titling: Making land institutions gender-sensitive
2:00pm - 3:30pm
Session Chair: Bina Agarwal, University of Manchester, United Kingdom
Implementing Uganda's gender strategy on land through issuance of certificates of customary ownership : A case of Kabale and Adjumani districts in Uganda
Naome Justine Kabanda1, Henry Harrison Irumba1, Sylla Oumar2, Simon Peter Mwesigye2, Danilo Antonio2
1Ministry of Lands, Housing, and Urban Development, Uganda; 2UN-Habitat/Global Land Tool Network, Kenya
Land is a critical resource for both women and men in Uganda. It has multiple values and functions, thus making it more critical for people’s livelihoods.Land is not only a material and productive resource that enables survival,production but is also a symbolic resource that heavily influences status and identity.
Across Uganda, many women tell a similar tale: they use the land to produce food, yet lack secure rights to land,and largely remain mere laborers on land. With secure rights to land,women can improve food security, and economic development for their families. Improving women’s access to and control over land has a positive effect on poverty reduction and economic growth. Ensuring the security of tenure for women on Customary tenure in Uganda by including the woman's name on the certificate of customary ownership has yielded such results issued to over 2000 households in the districts of Kabale and Adjumani in Uganda.
When joint ownership is not sufficient to ensure joint registration: Lessons from Cabo Verde
Elisa Scalise1, Michelle Adato2, Naomi Cassirer2
1Resource Equity, United States of America; 2Millennium Challenge Corporation, United States of America
This paper identifies and summarizes lessons learned regarding gender and social integration for the MCC Compact in Cabo Verde’s Land Management Investment Project (LMIP). It is especially relevant to the question of what is required to ensure that legal rights – such as marital property rights that are established in the Family Code - are fully realized in the context of land administration reforms. In this example, the law provides clear property rights to people in relationships (marriage, de facto unions, etc.) but the law alone was not sufficient to ensure that the implementation of the project could address entrenched social and cultural norms that tend to favor men’s interests in property over those of women.
Inclusive and gender-aware participatory land registration in Indonesia
Simon Ulvund1, Eva Maria Unger2, Chrit Lemmen2, Christelle van den Berg2, Tjeerd Wits1, Resti Diah Utami1, Hanhan Lukman3
1Meridia, The Netherlands; 2Kadaster International, The Netherlands; 3ATR / BPN, Indonesia
Utilising a participatory land registration approach, this paper argues how inclusive and gender aware land titling, involving local community teams, can lead to faster, affordable and more socially anchored land registration.
Coupled with building support across authorities such as village chiefs, district heads and government agencies, allows for a both bottom up and top down approach, capturing interest and concerns of all key stakeholders in the process. The paper also demonstrates, that if not taken seriously, these stakeholders can pose serious risks to the success of the project.
By using a local village community land rights committee that with strong representation of women, the land registration process had a high acceptance rate and support in the communities worked in.
We also show that developing a software application that guides such a process, being easy to use for village members, while compliant with government regulations and requirements, is essential.
Promoting women’s right to land inheritance through agriculture incentivization
Rene Claude Niyonkuru1, Louis Marie Nindorera2
1Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium; 2Independent Consultant
This paper offers an economic development-driven and empirically-grounded approach to the acquisition and strengthening of land rights for women in Burundi. This involves valuing their contribution to the agricultural sector seen as a cornerstone for the overall development of the country. Based on existing data and realistic projections, we will explore some functional relationships between improving women's access to land and their potential to boost agricultural production and hence open a new perspective on how the Burundian Government and its partners can use current and future incentives in the agriculture sector to improve women’s access to land.
There is an increasing need for activists and policy makers to move beyond legal formalism and articulate the current policy debate and actions aimed at alleviating poverty and development at country level with strategies that promote and secure women’s land rights.
Storytelling: a powerful strategy to increase women’s access to land/property rights in Uganda and beyond
Judith Hermanson1, Natalie R Gill1, Sylvia Luchini1, Jessica A Kaahwa2
1IHC Global, United States of America; 2Makerere University
World Bank data from 2013 shows that 142 countries have laws granting equal property ownership rights to women and men, and 116 countries have laws providing equal inheritance rights to daughters and sons. Unfortunately, laws are insufficient. In Uganda, data from a recent study of property ownership (IHC Global, 2017) highlighted discrepancies between the intent of the laws and exercise of women’s property rights. These discrepancies are largely rooted in conflicts between customary traditions and the laws, coupled with lack of awareness of women’s rights they enshrine. In September 2018, IHC Global piloted a “theater for development” approach that raised issues about women’s ability to exercise their property rights in an accessible, relatable, and non-confrontational way. A community forum followed the production which allowed audience members to discuss the issues raised. This paper assesses the effectiveness of the pilot through an evaluation of event survey data and key informant interviews.