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Session Chair: Jintao Xu, Peking University, China, People's Republic of
ID: 347 / 06-09: 1 Individual Papers Topics: Commons and natural resource management Keywords: Context, conservation, development, local communities, participation
Multi-stakeholder forums as innovation for natural resource management? Results from a Realist Synthesis Review of the scholarly literature
Anne Larson1, Juan Pablo Sarmiento Barletti1, Christopher Hewlitt2, Deborah Delgado3
1CIFOR, Peru; 2University of Maryland, College Park, United States of America; 3PUCP, Peru
This article presents the results of a Realist Synthesis Review (RSR) of global scholarly literature on Multi-Stakeholder Forums (MSFs) set up to address land use and land use change (LULUC) at the subnational level. The article contributes not only empirically to the study of MSFs and similar participatory processes, but also methodologically to the social sciences more generally, through the application of the RSR over the more common systematic reviews. The review is a timely examination because MSFs –an integral part of ‘landscape approaches’ and ‘multi-stakeholder initiatives’– have received renewed attention from policy makers and development and conservation practitioners, in light of the growing perception of urgency to address climate change and transform development trajectories.
ID: 381 / 06-09: 2 Individual Papers Topics: Global frameworks; indicators; progress monitoring, LGAF Keywords: Forest governance, Governance of Forests Initiative (GFI) indicator framework, community perceptions, Zambia, Miombo
Examining relationships in forest governance quality: Insights from forest frontier communities in Zambia´s Miombo ecoregion
Hellen Nansikombi1, Richard Fischer1, Gillian Kabwe2, Sven Günter1
1Thünen Institute of International Forestry and Forest Economics, Hamburg, Germany; 2Copperbelt University, Kitwe, Zambia
Good forest governance is considered a prerequisite for combating deforestation. Several countries including Zambia have formulated policies taking this into account. Several methodologies have been developed to track progress of forest governance. We apply the Governance of Forests Initiatives (GFI) indicator framework by the World Resource Institute to compare governance performance of different arrangements, with differing tenure and restriction to forest access and use in Zambia´s Miombo. Additionally, we test the applicability of the GFI indicators, on basis of community perceptions. Results reveal that: forest governance quality is low in all arrangements. However, tenure security and use restrictions are scoring relatively high in the non-restricted and culturally restricted arrangements, respectively. Implying the opportunity for strategies that build on existing customary tenure rights and cultural use restriction to improve forest governance. Concerning its methodological applicability, preliminary results show that some underlying governance factors cannot be exclusively summarized by the GFI thematic indicators.
ID: 515 / 06-09: 3 Individual Papers Topics: Land policy and political economy Keywords: land tenure regularization, Brazil, Amazon, Terra Legal, deforestation
Land Tenure Regularization in the Brazilian Amazon: perspectives on identifying social, economic and environmental variables for assessing its impacts
Gabriela C P Savian1, Marcelo C C Stabile1, Paulo R S Moutinho1, Elisa de Siqueira2, Gabriela Russo3, João Paulo Ribeiro1, Vivian Ribeiro1, Daniel S Silva1, Sylvia Mitraud1, Jarlene Gomes1, Alcilene Cardoso1, Jorge Espinoza4, Rogerio Cabral4, Díni L Silveira2, Robson Disarz5, João Paulo Mastrangelo6, Bastiaan Reydon6, Gabriel P Siqueira6
1Amazon Environmental Research Institute (IPAM); 2Consulting for Sustainable Development GITEC-IGIP GmbH; 3Ph.D. Candidate at the University of Amsterdam; 4Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH; 5National Colonization and Agrarian Reform Institute (INCRA); 6Universidade de Campinas (Unicamp)
Land tenure regularization and occupation have been a longstanding challenge in the Brazilian Amazon where land grabbing and land conflicts have been present for centuries. Few studies have been able to identify how much influence effective land tenure regularization can have on socioeconomic and environmental factors for the local population in the Amazon region.
The research proposed here builds on existing literature, field visits and geospatial analysis to identify a set of variables which can contribute to the creation of a methodology to understand social, economic and environmental impacts of land tenure regularization in the context of Brazil’s Terra Legal program, created in 2009 to regularize 57 million hectares of federal public lands in the Amazon as one of the main governmental strategies to combat deforestation.
ID: 922 / 06-09: 4 Individual Papers Topics: Land and human rights, gender, indigenous peoples Keywords: Peru, Communal lands, Amazon, Indigenous People, Territory
Local perception of indigenous titling programs in the Peruvian Amazon
Peter Cronkleton, Anne Larson
Center for International Forestry Research, Peru
This paper analyzes local perceptions of communal land titling programs for Indigenous communities in the Peruvian Amazon. It is based on field research conducted in the regions of San Martin and Ucayali by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) in collaboration with the GIZ project ProTierras Comunales. This research assessed the progress made by land titling programs to provide information for decision makers that could improve tenure security and livelihood outcomes for indigenous people in the selected regions. In general, participating Indigenous people viewed land titling programs positively and believed these initiatives increased property rights security, however gaps in government support and confusion over land zoning are areas of concern.
ID: 631 / 06-09: 5 Individual Papers Topics: Land policy and political economy Keywords: environmental governance, policy networks, sustainable forest management, core beliefs advocacy coalitions
Governance structures of native forests' management policy in North Argentina: the role of policy forums in mediating between conservation and production
Carla Inguaggiato1, Maurice Tschopp1, Graziano Michele Ceddia1, Dimitris Christodopolous2,3
1University of Bern, Switzerland; 2Modul University, Austria; 3Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh
Native forests are complex systems and the institutions governing them affect their ecosystem.
The forest policy in Argentina aims to achieve a compromise between production and conservation objectives. Furthermore, there are efforts promoting mediation between forests’ conservation and cattle production, aboriginal peoples’ rights, family farming survival and large estate land titles. It is therefore at the crossroad between different visions of sustainable development and of land tenure systems.
There is gap in the understanding of social mechanisms that drive collaboration among forest governance stakeholders. This paper aims to develop the understanding of the role of policy forums in connecting stakeholders with different core beliefs on forest management.
We study this complex policy arena via a mixed methods research design, which integrates social network analysis with stakeholder analysis, combining quantitative and qualitative analytic techniques. We combine the study of the policy networks topology, with the analysis of stakeholders’ core beliefs systems.