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09-06: Monitoring global commitments on land tenure
8:30am - 10:00am
Session Chair: Astrid Jakobs de Padua, World Bank, United States of America
The Global Land Rights Index: a new methodology to measure human rights frameworks for land
Abt Associates, United States of America
Despite the inclusion of land-related indicators in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), there is still no comprehensive, legal or human rights framework that can guide countries to reform laws to strengthen land tenure security. The Global Land Rights Index (GLRI) was created to address this gap. It analyzes six elements of land and resource rights frameworks and then scores countries based on adherence of their laws and regulations. It helps fill the gap in the monitoring of land-related SDGs 1.4, 2.3 and 5.a, by providing measurable clarity to indicator terms such as: “equal rights”, “secure”, and “equal access”. The authors present the GLRI methodology in detail and examine the findings and rankings from the initial analysis of 12 countries, including scores for each field and category. We then discuss the policy implications and particular laws that would need to be reformed to improve the scores.
Land Governance Indexes: Opportunities to assess progress of adoption of VGGT principles in policy, legal and institutional framework of land governance
Brian Gideon Washe Kazungu1, Francisco Carranza2
1Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Kenya; 2Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (HQ)
As the globally accepted principles guiding improvements in tenure security, the VGGT (FAO, 2012) have commonly been adopted at national level through ensuring that policy and legislative reform are in conformity with the guidelines. Despite adoption of VGGT principles in law, other factors such as political goodwill, civic education for awareness of rights to land and financial support (or lack thereof) remain key components that may catalyze (or stall) the progress in improving tenure governance. To track the progress different countries are making towards realizing responsible governance of land and land-based resources, there is need for developing a set of quantifiable global ideals that each nation can work towards achieving. Having a set of globally accepted quantifiable standards could be the key to making tenure security a priority in a way that will be easily understandable for governments and political leaders who may not fully understand the tenure security issues.
Guidelines for effective and impactful SDG reporting of progress on land rights
Landesa, United States of America
To fully leverage the extraordinary opportunity provided by the SDGs, it is critical that a wide range of stakeholders report the progress (or lack thereof) towards countries’ commitments on land rights. This paper seeks to encourage widespread and effective reporting that holds governments accountable to their land rights commitments, celebrates the progress made and encourages action, and promotes widespread learning that empowers others to follow effectively.
Creating effective data and information tools for monitoring the VGGT
Numerous efforts to track and monitor progress on the implementation of the VGGT. Significant efforts to make to monitor and track the VGGT and make this information widely available to stakeholders are underway from a multiplicity of actors. This paper will describe the diversity of initiatives currently underway to monitor and amplify efforts focused on the VGGT. It will describe the relevance of institutional efforts, such as the Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF), for monitoring the VGGT, for ensuring the implementation of country-level action plans. It will also look at related civil society initiatives established evaluate VGGT implementation. It will describe how these efforts are complemented by the Global Donor Platform’s Land Governance Programme Map, which monitors donor investments in implementing the VGGT. Finally, this paper will feature the work of the Land Portal Foundation to consolidate all of these efforts in a global hub.