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03-05: Francophone Regional Panel: Bottom Up Land Administration
The Challenges of Multi-Level and Multi-Stakeholder Land Tenure Projects - The case of Burundi - Abstract
ZOA INTERNATIONAL-BURUNDI, Burundi
Since 2007, attempts have been made to set up land security projects in Burundi. The main concern was to secure land tenure in the context of widespread tenure insecurity. In the context of an alarming increase in insecurity of land tenure, exacerbated by refugee return, the government adopted a new land policy in 2011. Neverthless, many Multidimensional challenges are observed in land tenure management. On the one hand, there are the challenges (1) relating to the strategies, techniques, practices and approaches to be adopted for sound land registration and certification; (2) on the other hand, there are the challenges concerning the different levels of decision-making and intervention in this sector. Furthermore, there are the choices made by donors and the financial means available. The Struggle of NGOs and Government's institutions is now based on how to mount a harmonized and efficient model of project that can be capitalizable for all the Country.
Contribution Of Pngt2-3 To the Generalization Of The Application Of Law 034-2009 / An On The Burkina Faso Rural Land Regime: Success - Insufficiency And Lessons Learned
1Observatoire National du Foncier au Burkina Fas; 2Deuxième Programme National de Gestion des Terroirs
The implementation of the PNGT2 since 2002 is a kind of the operationalization of the National Program in relationship to Decentralized Rural Development. Its goal is to achieve sustainable improvement in the productive capacity of rural resources (natural, physical, financial, human) and the emergence of a more vibrant local economy through empowered rural communities and leading their own local development process. The Program runs in three (3) 5-year phases. It is executed through strategic priority components. For this paper, we will focus on the application of the Rural Land Regime and Strengthening of Conflict Resolution Mechanisms at the Local Level. Through this component, it will be necessary to document the achievements of the program in terms of contribution to the generalization of Law 034-2009 / AN of 16 June 2009 on rural land tenure.
Côte d’Ivoire The Implementation Of The Rural Land Ownership Law
1GEOFIT, France; 2Agence foncière rurale (AFOR).; 3CETIF
Facing increasing rural land disputes and aware of the need to formulate durable solutions to rural land management, Côte d’Ivoire has passed a legislation (number 98-750), on December 23, 1998, relative to rural land ownership.
The main objective of the rural land law is to legalize the traditional ownership rights on rural land through the issuance of land certificates following official surveys. For many reasons, especially linked to the country’s political instability over the period 2000 to 2010, the implementation of this law started on a low pace, but it has gained momentum in the last few years, regarding quantity and quality; and it is now a priority in government rural development policy, leading to create of the Rural Land Ownership Agency (AFOR),
This paper reviews the various ongoing 98 rural law implementation projects , providing both qualitative and quantitative inputs to better asses its application and social acceptance.
Scaling-up Effective Land Administration in Urban DRC: A Case Study of a Pilot Project in Beni, North Kivu.
1UN-Habitat/Global Land Tool Network; 2Université Chrétienne Bilingue du Congo (UCBC)
While DR Congo’s ongoing volatility has many layers and factors, insecure land tenure persists as important source of antagonisms, violence and insecurity, as well as an impediment for development and economic growth. This paper argues that land interventions aimed at scaling an improved Land Information System in DRC requires fostering commitment, cooperation and coordination between the land administration, various levels of governmental authorities as well as a broader of community actors. In making this argument, this paper analyzes the lessons learned by a multi-actor collaboration in Beni, DR Congo, where state and non-state actors are partnering to implement a contextualized version of GLTN's Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM), which is complemented by the creation of a Land Stewardship Committee designed to serve as an avenue for communication and action between all land agents.