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11-05: Coming Together to Advocate Land Policy Reform
Strengthening women’s land rights and security of tenure for all on customary land settings: Implementation of innovative and gendered land tools and approaches
1Uganda Community Based Association for Women and Children's welfare ( UCOBAC), Uganda; 2UN-Habitat/Global Land Tool Network
Land rights legislation in Uganda is strong but implementation of land governance systems is not sufficiently robust or widespread to promote security of tenure for all. In regard to women’s land rights, Uganda’s property laws do not expressly discriminate between men and women with regard to the right to own land and property. However, there is a great disparity between law and practice. Customary practices in many parts of Uganda continue to override statutory law in recognition and enforcement of women’s land rights.
In recognition of the fact that promotion of security of tenure for all is often frustrated by lack of effective and gendered land governance systems, its critical to implement innovative, pro poor, gender appropriate, participatory and sustainable tools and approaches that deliver tenure security at scale and promote gender equality through the Integration of Social Tenure Domain Model, Gender Evaluation Criteria and the Land mediation tools
Lessons learnt from the 1995 National Land Policy Review and CSOs Engagement
CARE International in Tanzania, Tanzania
Tanzania is reviewing the 1995 National Land Policy accompanied by the implementation strategy to address issues of poor implementation. This is an important shift that needs to be supported as long as it puts the majority 70% depending on land at the heart of the review.
Land in Tanzania is cultural, political, and traditional, therefore more sensitive to discuss and in some cases a taboo. Legal and policy frame works upholds equality for both men and women, however, the use of or acknowledging multiple laws such as customary laws, creates a room for inequality especially in rural areas where under customary law land is allocated to heads of household who are usually men”.
Therefore, this paper seeks to take stock of the work done by CSOs in the review process of the National Land Policy of 1995, and provide lessons on the changing dynamics of advocacy in the land sector.
Investing In Community Organizing To Advance Women Land Rights In Africa
1HUAIROU COMMISSION, United States of America; 2GROOTS KENYA
Despite the attention given to women land rights in Africa at policy level, the system of patriarchy which dominates social organization and most African societies remain pervasive and continue to discriminate against women when it comes to ownership and control of land resources. Policy action intervention and programmes aimed at social cultural behavior change is essential. Whereas there have been a lot of support by development partners for legal reforms and policy intervention, the amount of investment in programmes that directly impact social cultural change and hence catalyze the impact of developing policies and laws is limited. Evidence demonstrates that these programmes can impact social change and inform policies to be more need responsive. This paper lays out some of the successful community organizing models implemented by collaborating partners to protect/assert and advance women land rights in different villages in Kenya and across Africa within the current global agendas.
Addressing Women’s Land Rights using the SDGs Framework: Experience from Tanzania
In 2015, the global community adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (2030 Agenda), a set of 17 global goals with 169 targets, to replace the Millennium Development Goals. In the same year, the African Union adopted Agenda 2063 as the continent’s new long-term vision for the next 50 years. Both these international guides require States to commit to the protection of women’s land rights and tenure security. This paper provides evidence of the progress made by the United Republic of Tanzania to localize both 2030 and 2063 Agendas in its Five Year Development Plan 2016/17-2020/21. It further highlights some parallel efforts of non-state actors that complement the work of the government, with particular focus on the work of Landesa, a global non-profit addressing tenure security in developing countries. The paper calls for a more concerted efforts through a multi-stakeholder approach for effective implementation and monitoring of women’s land rights SDGs indicators.