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07-06: Agricultural Growth Poles & Corridors: A Fad or The Future?
Challenge Of Shrinking Public Land In East Africa
Walker Kontos, Kenya
This paper will examine the challenge of shrinking public land in the context of massive energy, infrastructural and housing projects by national and county governments, as well as local and international investors. It deals with the problem of rapid urbanization, urban sprawl and informal settlements in East Africa where planning laws and regulations are either non-existent or in need of reform. It considers the effect that shrinking public land has in slowing development projects due to the high cost of land acquisition and relocation as well the severe strain on environment and in achieving sustainable development. It offers several solutions based on comparative analysis and the uniqueness of East Africa. It will examine reforms in urban planning and development as it applies to East Africa to increase the efficiency of use of land for urban development
Towards making robust land use decisions: An empirical assessment of non-material co-benefits of rural production landscapes in India
1The Unviersity of Tokyo, Japan; 2United Nation's University, Tokyo, Japan
Societies derive multiple material and non-material benefits from production landscapes, of which, non-material benefits are largely overlooked in issues such as land acquisition. While material benefits are generally well-accounted in state-run land acquisition programs, understanding non-material benefits is equally important for socially inclusive land acquisition. To facilitate a rapid, landscape-scale empirical assessment of non-material benefits of production landscapes, we narrate a case study of participatory mapping of non-material co-benefits of multiple rural production landscapes from the lower Gangetic delta in India. The study attempts to map five non-material benefits, namely spiritual, aesthetics, heritage, recreational and educational, by utilizing a combination of household survey and participatory GIS. The methodology of this study relies on a rapid appraisal method which integrates the notion of place attachment and participatory mapping. As such, the results facilitate comparative understanding of non-material co-benefits on rural production landscapes; besides providing valuable information for local planners and administrators.
The Rise of Agricultural Growth Poles in Africa
International Institute for Sustainable Development
This paper analyzes the key challenges and opportunities linked with the development of Agricultural growth poles, also known as agropoles, in Africa. These poles represent a new trend in Africa’s agricultural development strategy, and are on the rise as many countries are implementing them or considering doing so. The paper found that Africa has seen the emergence of 36 agricultural growth poles and 9 corridors over the past 15 years, covering at least 3.5 million hectares of land in 23 countries.
The paper reflects on the role of laws, policies and institutions in maximizing the opportunities offered by increased investment in agriculture through agricultural growth poles and corridors. It also presents the three key stages for developing Responsible Agricultural Growth Poles, providing key recommendations for each stage.
: vision, design and implementation.