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03-01: Urban Development: Rebuild and Plan Ahead
Making Room for Urban Expansion in Colombia
New York University, United States of America
This paper reports on the experience gained so far at the NYU Urban Expansion Program in working with two intermediate-size, rapidly growing cities in Colombia, Valledupar and Monteria, in making preparations for their coming expansion. The municipalities of these two cities, with the support of NYU, have embarked on a simple four-point action program to make room for accommodating their growing populations. The action program focuses on making realistic 30-year projections of land needs, ensuring the administrative jurisdiction of projected areas of expansion, preparing an arterial road grid in these areas and securing the rights-of-way of the entire grid now, and creating an institutional framework for protecting public open spaces in the expansion area. Both cities have made significant progress in implementing their respective action programs. We report on the process they followed, the lessons learned, and the prospects for similar initiatives in other countries, both in Latin America and elsewhere.
Making Room for Urban Expansion in Ethiopia
Ministry of Urban Development and Housing, Ethiopia
to be filled
Using Land Value Capture in Transport Oriented Development in Cape Town
City of Cape Town, South Africa
The presentation provides an assessment of tools that the City of Cape Town has developed with a range of professional teams to understand land use values and options within a TOD strategy which can assist decision-makers in pursuing their policy goals. It provides context for the work which has been done to produce management data in a Medium Term Infrastructure Investment Framework (MTIIF), the constraints and potential of this data, and further areas for public policy option development and decision-analysis in building a more resilient city. This is critical work for the City of Cape Town as it moves to address the shocks and stresses of historic spatial, social, and economic inequality and become a government which is driven by data and firm public policy research in ways that enable the optimal pursuit of strategy, financial and budget alignment, and meaningful engagements with all stakeholders, from the market to communities.
Urban Growth Scenarios: Perspectives from Jordan, Indonesia, Côte d'Ivoire and Mexico
Urban Growth Scenarios (UGS) gather the main urban concerns that a city is facing and model the effects of possible solutions to such problems in a range of indicators. With UGS local stakeholders can simulate land use and population density changes, and visualize the potential effects of different urban policies. The outcomes from UGS can be used by local governments to create consensus, request funding and disseminate potential benefits of their projects.
In this presentation we share reflections about the implementation of Urban Growth Scenarios in 45 cities in four different countries: Côte d’Ivoire, Indonesia, Jordan and Mexico.
Evaluating the Impacts of the Dar es Salaam BRT System
1World Bank; 2Stanford University; 3London School of Economics
Rapidly growing cities across the developing world are making large investments in transport infrastructure to increase urban mobility, boost employment and productivity, and improve the social and economic lives of residents. We evaluate the impacts of one such investment: a new Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The first BRT line opened in May 2016, and up to five additional lines are planned over the coming decade. We identify causal impacts through a spatial triple-differences approach, combined with a general equilibrium model of economic activity. We also experimentally test two complementary interventions to increase access to transport for the urban poor: (i) a fare subsidy to make BRT travel more affordable, and (ii) a location subsidy to offset rising costs of living in BRT-proximate neighborhoods. These experiments will inform fare pricing, affordable housing, and transit-oriented development policies, as well as produce key elasticities for the model.