Conference Agenda

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Session Overview
Session
07-02: Blockchains and privatization: Who Owns the Data?
Time:
Wednesday, 21/Mar/2018:
2:00pm - 3:30pm

Session Chair: Josephus van Erp, Maastricht University, Netherlands, The
Location: MC 13-121

VC/ webex


Presentations

Data Ownership and Data Trade in Privatized and/or Blockchain Based Land Registries

Josephus van Erp1, Jacob Vos2

1Maastricht University, Netherlands, The; 2Netherlands' Cadaster, Land Registry and Mapping Agency

Any land registration system is a source of an enormous amount of data, created by several data producers, which only gradually is being discovered, valued and realised by those involved: Citizens whose property is on the register, governments which add geospatial data, commercial users who offer supplementary services, notaries and conveyancers adding legal information about, e.g., transfer and mortgages, judicial enforcement officers adding legal information about, e.g., seizures and attachment, and, last but not least, land registries themselves which are using the data that are stored under their supervision to create derived and (in a technical sense) manipulated data so they can provide any required information to users with information tools which they market as part of their business model. Added to this mix of (private and government) data producers and users now come IT companies, introducing blockchain technology. Thus making the question even more pressing: Who owns which data?

07-02-van Erp-741_ppt.pptx


What Should We Do (or Not Do) with Land Administration Data?

Nicolás Nogueroles

IPRA-CINDER (International Property Registries Association), Spain

To be



What Should We Do (or Not Do) with Land Administration Data?

Jan Moerkerke

ELRA - European Land Registry Association, Belgium

Traditional systems of land registration are under pressure lately. States consider them as being too expensive and also they meet difficulties in providing security of tenure over the bundle of rights custimary land rights may contain.

Furthermore for the organisation of the service the rapidly changing technological context has to be taken into account.

Privatisation of existing public services may be considered as a sollution.

In this contribution we try to review the pro's and contra's of this choice from a stakeholders point of view.

07-02-Moerkerke-1027_paper.pdf
07-02-Moerkerke-1027_ppt.pptx


What Should We Do (or Not Do) with Land Administration Data?

Françoise Andrieux

Union Internationale des Huissiers de Justice (UIHJ), United States of America

Nobody will deny that the land is spearheading economic growth.

Its administrative organization must therefore have transparent, secure and guaranteed management.

It is obvious that the use of the blockchain will confer these qualities on cadastral administrative data.

However, we must not neglect the questions and problems that may arise and that relate to both the system of registration of data and its consequences.

Initially, the implementation of cadastral data on the block chain raises the problem of the legal regime applicable to liability and of the degree of legal certainty provided to citizens.

In a second time it is on the contracts attached to the life of these data and their execution that the questions will concern: which law to apply? What about the forced execution of these contracts in case of non-execution?

Answering a question with another question can help you think further ...

07-02-Andrieux-1026_paper.pdf
07-02-Andrieux-1026_ppt.pptx


What Should We Do (or Not Do) with Land Administration Data?

Jacob Vos

Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster), Netherlands, The

To be

07-02-Vos-1031_paper.pdf
07-02-Vos-1031_ppt.pptx


A Critical Evaluation of Privatization of Land Administration and Trade in Data

Rod Thomas

AUT University, New Zealand

Discussion of privatisation of land registries and ownership of data and information from an Australasian perspective.

07-02-Thomas-1029_paper.pdf


Proto-typing Blockchain Technology for Land Registry Systems

Juan Pablo Soliz Molina

Thomson Reuters, Bolivia, Plurinational State of

..



Data Ownership and Data Trade in Privatized and/or Blockchain Based land Registries

Notar Leif Boettcher

Notar Dr. Leif Böttcher, LL.M.

Due to the outstanding importance of land as an economic good, all land registers have traditionally been kept by State authorities. Now that some States have privatised their land registers, the question of the legal fate of the data and access to them is becoming increasingly important: while some people fear that privatisation could lead to restrictions on access for consultation and that it could not be done free of charge, other emphasise the economic benefits of privatisation. However, these issues must be separated: The question of who keeps the land register does not reveal anything about who can access use or exploit the data and whether this access is to be granted free of charge. Various interests – those of the owners, the economic operators and the public – need to be reconciled. The function of the land register within the land transfer system also plays a decisive role.

07-02-Leif Boettcher-1129_ppt.pptx


Legal Aspects of Blockchain-based Land Registries

Heather Hughes

American Univeristy, United States of America

to be filled