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09-09: Land Tenure Regularization and Agricultural Intensification
Acknowledging Middle-Scale Farmers in Senegal: From Land Use/Acquisition Processes To Their Role in Agricultural Intensification
1ISRA Bame, Senegal; 2CIRAD/ISRA Bame, Senegal; 3CIRAD/FIDA, Italy; 4Michigan State University
To date, the rise of emerging farmers described in other African countries has not been assessed nor documented in Senegal. This study intends to analyze the growth of emergent farmers in different agro-ecological zones in the country and to contribute to the current debate opposing smallholder farmers and agricultural firms. More specifically, this study includes several related research objectives, namely: (1) to understand the rate of land expansion of medium- and large-scale farms in Senegal; (2) to consider the implications of the rise of medium/large scale farms on Senegal’s agricultural development path ; (3) to understand the relationship between farm size and efficiency in Senegal, including the range of factors that might condition this relationship.
The Impact of Land Governance on the Economic Development Potential of Small Scale Farmers in Namibia
Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia
It has been argued that the quality of land governance is related to the manifestation of land tenure related problems (Palmer et al, 2009). Therefore in order to achieve the economic development goals expected from improved tenure arrangements, it is often required that land governance must improve. Using a democratic land governance framework that is biased in favor of the landless poor, we are able to apply the land governance principles as proposed by (Zakout et al, 2006) to assess land governance, not only in terms of service delivery, but also on the desirability of that service. However in the case study of small scale farmers in Namibia it becomes clear that despite tenure improvements and reforms to benefit the poor, the governance processes instead serves to concentrate power in the hands of the state and reduces legal tenure security for the beneficiaries.
The Impact of Informal Land Tenure Security on Credit Taking and Land Rental Markets in Zambia’s Eastern Province
1Cloudburst Consulting Group, United States of America; 2United States Agency for International Development
Increased tenure security has long been hypothesized to incentivize greater land investment and improve household economic outcomes, including through a greater ability to obtain credit and increased engagement in land rental markets. However, the empirical support for a strong and positive link between stronger tenure security and household obtainment of credit or engagement in land rental markets has been mixed or tenuous, especially in customary contexts. To provide policy relevant programming recommendations, this paper analyzes the relationship between tenure security and household credit taking and engagement in land rental markets in the customary setting of Zambia’s Eastern Province. This analysis draws on cross-sectional and panel data collected as part of USAID-funded impact evaluations of interventions designed to strengthen customary land tenure. This study represents an important contribution to the literature, through the use of panel data and a more robust set of tenure security indicators than have previously been available.