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11-12: Gender Analysis of Land Registration Systems
An Assessment of Land Tenure Regimes and Women’s Land Rights in Two Regions of Myanmar
Landesa, United States of America
While formal laws and some customary systems in Myanmar recognize the equality of women’s rights within households, evidence suggests a complicated picture in which the bundle of rights enjoyed by the male members of a household may not be equally available to women, a picture complicated by the context of Myanmar, with its variations in regional ethnic geopolitics fueled by landlessness, migration, conflict and displacement. This paper reports on findings of two qualitative gender assessments conducted in Bago and Tanintharyi regions of Myanmar to contribute to evidence on women’s land rights in Myanmar and help bridge the gaps in knowledge on 1) how women experience their bundle of rights to land within customary and formal regimes, 2) what legal, social, economic and cultural constraints they face and 3) what mechanisms can be put in place to take into consideration the barriers and constraints women may face in accessing their rights.
Women's Land Ownership in Morocco: Current State & Challenges
World Bank, United States of America
Land is the most relevant, yet the most undermined, type of property for women in Morocco and the MENA region in general for different reasons. The paper provides an overview about the factors undermining women’s land ownership in Morocco. It focuses on the legal aspect and exposes the body of regulations governing women’s land ownership, the historical process underlying it accounting for the colonial legacy and tribal politics. It highlights the legal changes and their impact, since 2010, granting women more access to communal land as well as the role of the Soulaleyyate, a Moroccan women’s land rights movement, in stirring the reforms. Lastly, it addresses the challenges facing these reforms and future prospects.
Case Study on the Registration of Property Rights of Women in Kosovo
1Company: KLSC; EU funded project, Kosovo; 2Kosovo Cadastral Agency
Through this study we provide an overview on the rights on immovable property ownership for women in Kosovo, and offer relevant recommendations that are necessary to increase the possibility for a better gender issue on immovable property rights and encourage women to participate in these decision making processes. Registration of immovable property rights has implications on economic development of the country and ensures stability for women in the society. The contribution of this paper is that we use real data from cadastral registers to show the changes in the registration of women’s immovable property ownership and joint property ownership in Kosovo throughout a period of three years, by looking at different municipalities to see the variation across rural and urban areas.