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06-08: Land Records, Valuation and Property Taxes: The Link to Ownership
Capturing Untapped Land Revenues: Lessons From African Cities
International Growth Centre, United Kingdom
Land and property taxes offer a significant source of untapped municipal revenues for rapidly developing cities that is both fair and efficient. However, across many developing cities, these taxes are unable to meet their potential because of revenue leakages in registration, valuation and collection. Efforts to reform these systems can yield significant benefits for cities – but require addressing political challenges and administrative costs associated with reform. This presentation looks at lessons to be drawn from the experiences of a range of African cities in harnessing the benefits of land and/or property taxation whilst addressing these challenges.
Satellite Image Analysis for Operational Maintenance of a Property Database for Dakar City
1Airbus Defence and Space, United Kingdom; 2New Africa Consulting, Senegal
The city government of Dakar, Senegal, has a requirement to generate revenues for developing and maintaining city infrastructure and services. The legal framework for property taxation is already in place, but the city lacks resources to collect and maintain the information needed to calculate the tax due. Using very high resolution satellite data the land parcels and building extents (including heights) can be monitored through a combination of 3D image analysis and field data collection. This project is designed to develop an operational system for creating and maintaining a parcel reference map, whose accuracy can be further improved through GPS-based field survey, and, mapping new buildings and changed building heights. This will provide the framework for field teams to collect and maintain an accurate database of property characteristics, thereby enabling tax calculations to be made in order to support sustainable and transparent revenue generation for the City.
National Valuation Management System: Towards Enhancing Interconnectivity In Land Governance Through Digitized Valuation Data From Origination, Organization To Transmission.
Ministry of Lands and Physical Planning, Kenya
The development of a digital platform for management of the valuation process from data generation to submission will greatly enhance service delivery within the Ministry of Lands and Physical Planning and achieve interconnectivity for all stakeholders.
he National Valuation Management System has therefore been identified as a tool that is intended to organise and safeguard land information by ensuring that land values are well documented and are easily accessible as needed The system will minimise the time and cost of accessing valuation data by all stakeholders; ensuring transparency, the accuracy of information and accountability. This information will be in the form of both spatial and non-spatial data on every registered land parcel in the country. The improved access to land information will be a catalyst for economic growth and development by enabling faster investment decision making.
Improving Land Governance In Nigeria Through Efficient Valuation Mechanisms And Practices
1PRESIDENTIAL TECHNICAL COMMITTEE ON LAND REFORM, Nigeria; 2FEDERAL MINISTRY OF POWER, WORKS AND HOUSING, Nigeria
Valuation of landed property is a key component of the system of land administration in a typical market-drive economy. Advancement in land governance in climes with long stretches of dismal results due to the poverty of systems and structures necessitates that valuation processes, mechanics, and practices undergo scrutiny to ensure its continued relevance in the interpretation of values.
Over the years, the government in Nigeria had randomly sought for solutions to its land governance challenges. In 2009, it established a Land Reform Committee to recommend measures that would enhance the system. Expected key deliveries included the development of valuation mechanisms that would identify and cure the major weaknesses in the processes and practices. The Committee opted for an evidence-based approach to achieving this objective and commissioned a study.
This paper will share some of the findings and demonstrate how they shape the system and effectiveness of land governance in Nigeria.
Rebuilding Property Tax Assessment Systems – The Case of Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Greenfield Advisors, Inc., United States of America
The devastating earthquake that rocked Haiti in 2010 did more than physical damage; it also damaged systems, too. One of the systems damaged was the property tax assessment system in the City of Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti. Since the earthquake, the city government has struggled to mail tax bills, track those accounts who pay taxes, and maintain a database of property owners. Certainly there are land tenure implications here as well, but the main focus of this project is to provide a comprehensive solution to the City’s needs. Our team is putting in place a solution that has the flexibility to account for different revenue streams (property tax, signage tax, garbage collection tax) put in place by the City of Port-au-Prince. By the end of the project, we expect to provide enough capacity building so that the City can take over the complete administration of its revenue generation systems.