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03-07: Community-Led Land Governance
Examining the Real Costs of Community-led Rights Documentation from USAID’s Experience in Burma and Zambia
USAID Tenure and Global Climate Change Project, Tetra Tech
As mobile technologies, crowd sourcing and batch processing of data offer the potential to scale-up national efforts to document land rights, there has been pressure to reduce the per-unit cost of documentation, in order to make large-scale systematic registration viable. However, many global programs cite the cost purely of data collection in the field, and not the full range of other activities that lead to a successful registration (and ultimately administration) program. Over the past five years, USAID’s TGCC program has undertaken household land documentation in Zambia and community land documentation in Burma offering lessons on the real costs of rights documentation approaches. We find that data collection costs represent only a fraction of the total cost and effort and broader considerations should be accounted for. This paper explores costs associated with piloting and estimated costs for a scalable approach.
Mapping Community Land in Mozambique: Opportunities and Challenges for Combining Technology with Good Land Governance
1Community Land initiative (iTC); 2Cadasta Foundation
This paper discusses opportunities and challenges for the integration and combination of a participatory mapping and high-resolution satellite within the community land delimitation process. Based on the principle that information is crucial for decision making at the local and provincial level, the paper discusses the benefits of associating the CADASTA platform approach with community delimitation processes, where information gathered through a participatory process at the community level, can improve land use planning and inform decisions for land-based investments. The discussion will be based in a context of existing land information management systems (SiGIT), and the opportunities and challenges for accessing, archiving, and print information. Making these maps available for the public (including the community) is considered to be a key point for participatory planning and inclusive land-based investments.
What do communities want from land reform? A socio-technical exploration of community-led land rights documentation projects
1Land Equity International, Australia; 2Cadasta Foundation; 3KU Leuven
Mobile penetration and technology advances, together with guidelines such as ‘fit-for-purpose’ have arguably largely solved the problem of ‘insufficient technical capacity’. What remain are the social, institutional and political questions that will fundamentally impact success or failure as well as the sustainable implementation of land administration activities once the project is completed. In the land administration literature, these socio-technical elements have been under-researched, and are typically under-reported, or simply not considered, in project monitoring and evaluation.
This paper explores the application of an assemblage methodology to represent and interrogate the complex connections between the actors, structures and technologies that form the implementation of land administration at the local level. It focuses on community-led land rights documentation, as these projects present a significant opportunity to understand local values relating to land and land rights. The paper contributes to a better understanding of the socio-institutional aspects that drive land reform success.
"Rethinking Customary Land Governance, Fiduciary Duties and Development Opportunities form a Real Estate Management Perspective"
LAFAYETTE COLLEGE/ FAO-NRC, United States of America
The generally accepted definition of land governance demands fiduciary standards related to governance and management; studying and identifying basic problems occurring within the land administration system. Accordingly, effective customary land management should result in the most rational use of a community’s land resources qualified by the land tenure and ownership structure. This include sustainable management of growth and population dynamics, environment management and protection of valuable areas, development and monitoring land market opportunities, and the best use of land assets of the community, taking into consideration the rules of sustainable development. This paper uses a real estate management lens to examine whether examples of customary land governance and fiduciary practices in Ghana and Sierra Leone deviates from the asset management expectations required to achieve the highest and best use of land as a valuable sustaining community asset.