The conference agenda provides an overview and details of sessions. In order to view sessions on a specific day or for a certain room, please select an appropriate date or room link. You may also select a session to explore available abstracts and download papers and presentations.
02-12: Securing Women's Land Rights in Customary Systems
Women’s Land Rights as a Pathway to Poverty Reduction A Framework and Review of Available Evidence
1IFPRI, United States of America; 2Oxford University
This paper reviews the qualitative and quantitative literature on women’s land rights (WLR) and poverty reduction. It uses a systematic review search methodology, and synthetic approach to assess the level of evidence and agreement within this literature. The evidence is strong for relationships between WLR and bargaining power and decision making on consumption, human capital investment, and intergenerational transfers, with weaker evidence on the relationship between WLR and natural resource management, government services and institutions, empowerment and domestic violence, resilience and HIV risk, and consumption and food security. Gaps in the evidence arise from a failure to account for the complexity of land rights regimes, the measurement of land rights at the household level, the lack of attention paid to gender roles, and the lack of studies from countries outside Africa, but these gaps should not deter careful design and implementation of programs and policies to strengthen women’s land rights.
Exploring Gender-Biased Customary Land Tenure Systems in Ghana: Results from Focus Groups with Men and Women Farmers in the Northern Region
Social Science Research Center at Mississippi State University, United States of America
This qualitative study used a focus group research design to investigate gender and land tenure dynamics in rural communities in the Northern Region of Ghana, where approximately 73.7 percent of adults are engaged in agricultural production, primarily as smallholder farmers (Ghana Statistical Service, 2013). The research team is interested in investigating the effects of gender equity within customary land tenure systems as they pertain to agricultural productivity among smallholder men and women soybean farmers. Specifically, our research instrument focuses on generational transfer of land and women farmers’ rights to land (access to and stability of tenure) as a preliminary step in exploring gender-biased customary land tenure and agricultural output among soybean farmers. We conducted six focus group discussions (N = 72)—three women-only focus groups and three men-only focus groups—in three districts in the Northern Region where soybean is grown as both a cash crop and a subsistence crop.
Ensuring Gender Mainstreaming in the Design and Implementation of REDD + Related Activities
World Bank, United States of America
to be filled
Innovations in Securing Land and Resource Rights for the Poor and Women in Customary Settings: the Case of Chamuka Chiefdom, Zambia
1UN-HABITAT/GLTN, Kenya; 2His Royal High Chief Chamuka IV, Chisamba, Zambia; 3People’s Process on Housing and Poverty in Zambia
Most countries have progressively passed laws that protect tenure of security for customary land on which the most of the rural people depend for their livelihoods, however, implementation is low, in part, due to lack of affordable land tools. This study presents experiences of issuance of certificates of customary land rights occupancy (CCROs) in the Chiefdom of Chamuka in Central Zambia. Following the pilot implementation of CCROs in Chamuka area, using the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) by the Global Land Tool Network and the People’s Process on Housing and Poverty in Zambia (PPHPZ), there is improved voices of poor people and women in local and national dialogues on land with their chiefs and local government authorities; the Katuba Women’s Association is emerging as a powerful voice for women on land in Zambia.